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This is a shader library used for unity shader coding, pointing to different shader effects found from various sources. Several library topics may become public in the future. This project is mainly for personal study and lack the knowledge of code management and formal name formatting.



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This is a shader library used for unity shader coding, pointing to different shader effects found from various sources. Several library topics may become public in the future. This project is mainly for personal study and lack the knowledge of code management(i.e., comprehensive comment / user guide) and formal name formatting.

The following showcase pictures and knowledge network are organized in my understanding of different categories of shaders, some references and cites will be listed. But most of the content will be covered in my personal markdown notes.

See for my TA/Rendering showreel and other bits of progress of this repository.

Functions in Shaders

1 Step Functions

2 Value Range Manipulation

3 Noise / Hash

4 Projection Functions

5 Sin / Cos

Geometry Related Shader

Object VFX Related

1 Crystal Shader

  • Crystal Color Ramp
  • Opaque Texture Reflection - RGB Split effect Crystal_Shader Crystal_Shader_2

2 Custom Light Flare Shape

  • Reference - Genshin Impact 渊下宫 / Zone Zero / Kejiro's PPS Light Streak

3 Dissolve Shader

  • Distance / Position / UV based Dissolve Factor calculation
  • Dissolve Edge and Color
  • Noise Dissolve Edge fluctuation
  • Runtime implementation
    • Material Property Block - Object Position Property Binder Dissolve_1 Dissolve_2 Dissolve_3

4 Foil Card Shader

  • TBC - Magic: The Gathering / Legends of Runeterra look

5 Hologram, Holofield, Force Field Shader

  • Noise based vertex displacement (high frequency and low frequency)
  • World / Object / Screen Position based scan line (thin and thick)
  • Fresnel Inner Outline
  • Depth based edge detection and noise based variation
  • Animation Process Mask map usage Hologram HoloField

6 Outline Shader

7 Pickable / Interactable Object

8 Space Orb Shader - Inspired by TFT

  • Screen Space UV Quad Formation and 2D Noise Texture distortion
  • 3D Noise based shinning glitter
  • Fresnel + Noise achieving flowing inner outline


9 Sparkle Glitter Shader

  • TBC - Journey / Witness desert look

10 Trace-On VFX - From Fate / Stay Night

  • TBC

11 Trail VFX

  • TBC

12 Vertex Displacement

  • Noise-based displacement variation
  • Distance based / Position based / Anime Goosebump Mockup

Vertex_Displacement Ref: Anime_Displacement_Ref

Particle VFX Related

Screen Space Based Shaders

Post Processing Shaders

1 Post-Process Fog

2 Post Process Volumetric Lighting

  • Post Processing Light Shaft
    • Occlusion Texture generation (only skybox kept)
    • Radial image blur achieving light shaft leaking effect
      • Noise offset turning pattern into noise


3 Post Process Damaged FX

4 Post Process Acceleration Effect

  • Animated Speed Lines
  • Good reference - Apex: Legends;


5 VHS-Image Effect & Glitch

Other Screen Space Approaches

1 Depth Buffer Related

  • SSAO
  • World Position Rebuild
  • Not implemented yet.

2 Stencil Buffer Related

  • Portal
  • Mooncage


Shading Models

1 Cel Shading

  • Genshin Impact Style Cel Shading, Lightmap guided, Color ramp controlled (lacks face ramp control and hair specular map usage, didn't use screen space rim light).
    • Outline pass - Screen Space thickness, View space normal extrusion

Genshin_Cel_1 Genshin_Cel_2

  • PBR Based Cel Shading
    • Diffuse, Specular falloff and ramp control

2 Flat Shading

3 Gooch Shading

4 NPRs

  • Matcap shading


  • NRP Shading
    • Multiple ramp area control
    • Diffuse, Specular, Shadow area control (for various artistic styles)
    • Specular intensity control (the smoothstep function breaks the energy conservation, thus need to tweak the value to achieve proper appearance)
    • Halftone step (UV Space / Screen Space)

NPR_Shading_1 NPR_Shading_2 NPR_Shading_3 NPR_Shading_4

5 PBR Shading

  • Todo: Anisotropic Specular Calculation
  • Todo: UE approach of spherical-shape light / line-shape light (representative point)
  • Todo: RBF area light approach
  • Todo: HDRP shader understanding


  • Todo: Fake SSS with thickness map
  • Todo: Human Skin SSS rendering

Sky Related

1 Skybox Shader


2 Fake Volumetric Cloud Shader

Environment Shading Techs

Shader Systems

1 Global Wind 3D (Inspired by God of War Implementation)


Showcase Pictures

(Work in progress on artistic showcases and dynamic vegetations...)

Global Wind 3D Scene Debug

  • Based on DrawMeshInstancedIndirect


Global Wind 2D Texture Slice Debug

  • Based on Unity Post Processing and Custom PPS Render Pass


Wind Contributor Objects

  • Shapes - Box, Cylinder, Sphere
  • Velocity Calculation Type - Fixed, Point-based, Axis-Distance-Based


Wind Receivers (On Progress)

  • Planning
    • Vegetation - Grass, Vines, Shrubs (On-Going)
    • Plant - Tree
    • Cloth - Non-physically-correct
    • Fur / Hair
  • Future Improvements
    • Box Contributor seems to have incorrect influence on the wind texture.

2 Volumetric Lighting & Atmospheric Scattering


Showcase Pictures

World-Space Ray-Marching Volumetric Lighting

  • World Space Camera Ray-march, Single Scattering Calculation
  • Down-sample and up-sample reducing GPU cost
  • Noise offset turning pattern into noise
  • Bilateral Blur keeping sharp edge
  • Gaussian Blur reducing light shaft edge artifact


Post-Processing Radial-Blur Volumetric Lighting Radial_blur_volumetric_light

  • TODO: Last of Us 2 volumetric lighting
    • Frustum Voxel 3D scattering & decay texture / integration texture
    • Various light shape's precalculated integration result
    • Shadow map implementation for various light shapes
    • Down-sampling and TAA support for volumetric lighting result
  • Useful code reference
    • Unity Adam showcase volumetric lighting
    • Unity HDRP Volumetric lighting implementation

3 Deformable Snow Ground

DeformableSnow SnowGrainParticleShaderGraph

  • Algorithm by: Tomb Raider: Rise (Deferred Snow Deformation in Rise of the Tomb Raider by Michels and Sikachev)
  • Todo
    • Add support for Vertical-Sliding-Window
    • Create a more immersive showcase combining the GPU snow particles implementation.
    • Adoption of various snow deformers (currently only one rounded type)
  • Personal Concern and Possible Improvements
    • Comparison with Traditional Height-Map-Based Snow Deformation
      • Pros
        • Suport for overlapping snow deformation (stepping snow on a bridge will only cause deformation on the bridge but not on the snow below the bridge)
        • Better snow deformation and edge curve calculation due to deferred snow deformation.
      • Cons
        • Extra calculation when pack and extract bit data.
        • Limited Precision for snow fill process.

4 Dynamic Weather System

  • Todo: Do some research ^^.

5 Screen Space Particles

  • Last of Us 2 screen particles approach.


6 Terrain Rendering System

7 Displaced Vegetation, Mesh, Hair, Fur, Card


  • GDC talk by Sean Feeley
  • Three layers of movement
    • Wind-Direction Displacement based on Global Wind Texture.
    • Local Spherical Noise based on Wind intensity.
    • Stateful sway (displacement data stored in Buffer and processed in Compute Shader to achieve persistent movement)
      • Basic Process (Every wind receiver can be treated as a single spring with a fixed location in the world, we then can use a spring model to calculate the force, hence acceleration, velocity, and displaced position in the world)
  • Future Improvements
    • Stateful Tree Implementation.
    • Integrate Global Wind into refractored Grass Shader.
    • Improve the movement shader code to match real-world wind speed and object movement.
    • Improvement of editor scripts (maybe improvement on the GlobalWind3D Manager editor as well, utilizing Unity's uxml system (also serving as a learning process))


8 Volumetric Cloud System

  • Todo: Horizon: Zero Dawn volumetric cloud solution

9 Water & Ocean Simulation & Rendering

  • Stylized Water / Ocean Shader
    • Todo: Jacobian water foam calculation
    • Todo: RT + Particle system water foam and interaction (stylized)
    • Todo: Underwater Post Process / Midwater look through effect (Maybe use stencil + post processing / world space near-camera water surface calculation + post processing)
      • Another possible solution: render a depth map of the water top down above the camera, while in post-process, compare the screen pixel's vertical position in the world with the current water's height based on the depth map rendered (sounds like it, but I'm not sure). This solution supports Gerstner waves because it samples the water height after displacement.
      • And Another one: render a near-plane dynamic mesh by sampling the water height at sepecific locations, render this mesh onto a low-res texture with a simple blur (render as white, background black, thus generating a mask texture at screen space). This solution does not support Gerstner waves, as Gerstner waves would change XZ position of water, causing the tracing of a height change on a fixed XZ point impossible (or extremely difficult).
      • Actually, due to the consideration above, I would suggest using FFT waves for water movement (pure height map solution, only vertical movement).
    • Depth and ramp based water colorization
    • Gerstner / Sine wave and normal re-calculation
    • Edge foam
    • Water reflection and refraction

Stylized_Ocean_1 Stylized_Ocean_2 Stylized_Ocean_3

  • Todo: FFT-based Realistic Ocean Shaders (Praise Horizon: Forbidden West and Assassin's Creed: Odyssey)
  • Todo: Various Ocean simulations (Heightfield water simulation especially)

Custom RT Approaches

1 Snow / Grass Foot Trail

2 Fluid Simulation

Rendering Technologies and Uses

1 Tessellation

  • Used in:
    • Stylized Water / Ocean Shader

2 Texture Blending


3 Parallax Mapping


Shader Techniques

1 Color Ramp

2 Noise Based Texture Color Variation


3 Normal from Height Map



This is a shader library used for unity shader coding, pointing to different shader effects found from various sources. Several library topics may become public in the future. This project is mainly for personal study and lack the knowledge of code management and formal name formatting.







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