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#!/usr/bin/env python
from __future__ import print_function
import os
import subprocess
import datetime
# There is something like a set of gphoto2 python bindings, at
# but it's not widely available and you'd have to compile it for the RPi.
class Gphoto :
def __init__(self, verbose=False):
'''May raise CalledProcessError or NotImplementedError
if there's no compatible camera connected and switched on.
self.verbose = verbose
def check_config(self):
'''This routine tends to fail -- gphoto2 prints
"** Error (-1: 'Unspecified error') ***" --
even when the camera can capture just fine. So skip it.
# Do we have a real camera attached using PTP so gphoto2 can talk to it?
has_capture = False
# For some reason gphoto2 --list-config ALWAYS exits with nonzero
# and "*** Error (-1: 'Unspecified error') ***"
# so alas we have to ignore error returns.
args = [ "/usr/bin/gphoto2",
# "--debug", "--debug-logfile=/tmp/log.txt",
config = subprocess.check_output(args)
except subprocess.CalledProcessError as e:
print("list-config exited with status", e.returncode)
config = e.output
print("output was: <START>", end=' ')
for line in config.split('\n'):
if line.startswith('/main/settings/capture'):
has_capture = True
else: print(line, "isn't capture")
if not has_capture:
raise NotImplementedError
def take_still(self, outfile=None, zoom=None):
if not outfile:
now =
outfile = "snap-%04d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d-%02d.jpg" % \
(now.year, now.month,, now.hour, now.minute, now.second)
# gphoto2 can handle date formatting, but in that case
# we'd have no idea what the actual filename was
# so we couldn't do anything with it later.
print("outfile is now", outfile)
args = [ "/usr/bin/gphoto2", "--set-config", "syncdatetime=1",
"--set-config", "capturetarget=sdram" ]
if zoom:
args.append("zoom=%s" % str(zoom))
# The capture image command and filename have to come last:
if self.verbose:
print("Calling:", args)
rv =
if __name__ == '__main__':
gphoto = Gphoto(verbose=True)