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SciDocs - The Dataset Evaluation Suite for SPECTER

SPECTER Public API | SPECTER Code Base | Paper

This repository contains code, link to data, and instructions to use the SciDocs evaluation suite.


To install this package, run the following:

git clone
cd scidocs
conda create -y --name scidocs python==3.7
conda activate scidocs
conda install -y -q -c conda-forge numpy pandas scikit-learn=0.22.2 jsonlines tqdm sklearn-contrib-lightning pytorch
pip install pytrec_eval awscli allennlp==0.9 overrides==3.1.0
python install

To obtain the data, run this command after the package is installed (from inside the scidocs folder):
[Expected download size is: 4.6 GiB]

aws s3 sync --no-sign-request s3://ai2-s2-research-public/specter/scidocs/ data/

Note: if you're having issues, make sure you're in the us-west-2 region.

Windows Support

Because pytrec_eval does not support Windows, you won't be able to install SciDocs on Windows. The data, however, is still accessible via the awscli command above.

How to run SciDocs

To obtain SciDocs metrics, you must first embed each entry in the 3 metadata files:

  • data/paper_metadata_mag_mesh.json
  • data/paper_metadata_view_cite_read.json
  • data/paper_metadata_recomm.json

The embeddings must then reside in jsonl files with one json entry embedding per line, which will look something like this: {"paper_id": "0dfb47e206c762d2f4caeb99fd9019ade78c2c98", "embedding": [-3, -6, 0, ..., 2]}

We include the SPECTER embeddings as well. Here is how to reproduce the results in the SPECTER paper:

Once you have these 3 embedding files you can get all of the relevant metrics as follows:

from scidocs import get_scidocs_metrics
from scidocs.paths import DataPaths

# point to the data, which should be in scidocs/data by default
data_paths = DataPaths()

# point to the included embeddings jsonl
classification_embeddings_path = 'data/specter-embeddings/cls.jsonl'
user_activity_and_citations_embeddings_path = 'data/specter-embeddings/user-citation.jsonl'
recomm_embeddings_path = 'data/specter-embeddings/recomm.jsonl'

# now run the evaluation
scidocs_metrics = get_scidocs_metrics(
    val_or_test='test',  # set to 'val' if tuning hyperparams
    n_jobs=12,  # the classification tasks can be parallelized
    cuda_device=-1  # the recomm task can use a GPU if this is set to 0, 1, etc


And you should see the following output:

{'mag': {'f1': 81.95}, 'mesh': {'f1': 86.44}, 'co-view': {'map': 83.63, 'ndcg': 91.5}, 'co-read': {'map': 84.46, 'ndcg': 92.39}, 'cite': {'map': 88.3, 'ndcg': 94.88}, 'co-cite': {'map': 88.11, 'ndcg': 94.77}, 'recomm': {'adj-NDCG': 53.9, 'adj-P@1': 20.0}}

Which matches exactly the last row of Table 1 in the SPECTER paper. Your results should be identical, with the exception of recomm due to a lack of reproducibility guarantees from PyTorch:

To run your own models, you need to generate your own embedding jsonl files. To tune hyperparameters, you can set the val_or_test='val' in the get_scidocs_metrics function and use the resulting values as part of your objective function.


To use SciDocs from command line you can use the provided wrapper:

python scripts/ \
--cls data/specter-embeddings/cls.jsonl \
--user-citation data/specter-embeddings/user-citation.jsonl \
--recomm data/specter-embeddings/recomm.jsonl \
--val_or_test test \
--n-jobs 12 \
--cuda-device -1

MAG and MeSH Class Labels

The MAG and MeSH datasets included with this repo have integer labels starting at 0. Here is how these integers map to class names.

For MeSH:

0 	 Cardiovascular diseases
1 	 Chronic kidney disease
2 	 Chronic respiratory diseases
3 	 Diabetes mellitus
4 	 Digestive diseases
6 	 Hepatitis A/B/C/E
7 	 Mental disorders
8 	 Musculoskeletal disorders
9 	 Neoplasms (cancer)
10 	 Neurological disorders

And for MAG:

0	Art
1	Biology
2	Business
3	Chemistry
4	Computer science
5	Economics
6	Engineering
7	Environmental science
8	Geography
9	Geology
10	History
11	Materials science
12	Mathematics
13	Medicine
14	Philosophy
15	Physics
16	Political science
17	Psychology
18	Sociology


Please cite the SPECTER paper as:

  title={SPECTER: Document-level Representation Learning using Citation-informed Transformers},
  author={Arman Cohan and Sergey Feldman and Iz Beltagy and Doug Downey and Daniel S. Weld},


Dataset accompanying the SPECTER model







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