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README.md

Route

Route is a client routing library for Dart that helps make building single-page web apps.

Installation

Add this package to your pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
  route_hierarchical: any

Then, run pub install to download and link in the package.

UrlMatcher

Route is built around UrlMatcher, an interface that defines URL template parsing, matching and reversing.

UrlTemplate

The default implementation of the UrlMatcher is UrlTemplate. As an example, consider a blog with a home page and an article page. The article URL has the form /article/1234. It can matched by the following template: /article/:articleId.

Router

Router is a stateful object that contains routes and can perform URL routing on those routes.

The Router can listen to Window.onPopState (or fallback to Window.onHashChange in older browsers) events and invoke the correct handler so that the back button seamlessly works.

Example (client.dart):

library client;

import 'package:route_hierarchical/client.dart';

main() {
  var router = new Router();
  router.root
    ..addRoute(name: 'article', path: '/article/:articleId', enter: showArticle)
    ..addRoute(name: 'home', defaultRoute: true, path: '/', enter: showHome);
  router.listen();
}

void showHome(RouteEvent e) {
  // nothing to parse from path, since there are no groups
}

void showArticle(RouteEvent e) {
  var articleId = e.parameters['articleId'];
  // show article page with loading indicator
  // load article from server, then render article
}

The client side router can let you define nested routes.

var router = new Router();
router.root
  ..addRoute(
     name: 'usersList',
     path: '/users',
     defaultRoute: true,
     enter: showUsersList)
  ..addRoute(
     name: 'user',
     path: '/user/:userId',
     mount: (router) =>
       router
         ..addRoute(
             name: 'articleList',
             path: '/acticles',
             defaultRoute: true,
             enter: showArticlesList)
         ..addRoute(
             name: 'article',
             path: '/article/:articleId',
             mount: (router) =>
               router
                 ..addRoute(
                     name: 'view',
                     path: '/view',
                     defaultRoute: true,
                     enter: viewArticle)
                 ..addRoute(
                     name: 'edit',
                     path: '/edit',
                     enter: editArticle)))

The mount parameter takes either a function that accepts an instance of a new child router as the only parameter, or an instance of an object that implements Routable interface.

typedef void MountFn(Router router);

or

abstract class Routable {
  void configureRoute(Route router);
}

In either case, the child router is instantiated by the parent router an injected into the mount point, at which point child router can be configured with new routes.

Routing with hierarchical router: when the parent router performs a prefix match on the URL, it removes the matched part from the URL and invokes the child router with the remaining tail.

For instance, with the above example lets consider this URL: /user/jsmith/article/1234. Route "user" will match /user/jsmith and invoke the child router with /article/1234. Route "article" will match /article/1234 and invoke the child router with `. Route "view" will be matched as the default route. The resulting route path will be:user -> article -> view, or simplyuser.article.view`

Named Routes in Hierarchical Routers

router.go('usersList');
router.go('user.articles', {'userId': 'jsmith'});
router.go('user.article.view', {
  'userId': 'jsmith',
  'articleId', 1234}
);
router.go('user.article.edit', {
  'userId': 'jsmith',
  'articleId', 1234}
);

If "go" is invoked on child routers, the router can automatically reconstruct and generate the new URL from the state in the parent routers.

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