THESE IMAGES HAVE BEEN DEPRECATED
Ansible no longer maintains images in Dockerhub directly. There are several Ansible images on Dockerhub that are maintained by members of the Ansible community, which you can find with the following search
These are base docker images that include Ansible.
Ansible, Inc maintains these images so that people can easily build docker images from ansible playbooks.
While Ansible modules can help you deploy container images (and also prepare host dependencies to be able to run containers), this document is about how to use ansible to efficiently describe and build them as well.
Obtaining these Images from DockerHub
Ansible, Inc content on DockerHub lives at https://registry.hub.docker.com/u/ansible/
There are base images available currently for CentOS 7 and Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, using both the latest stable version of Ansible as well as development branch snapshots.
Building Your Own Container Based on an Ansible Image
By specifying a Dockerfile, it is easy to describe a container image primarily defined by an ansible-playbook, using a very minimal Dockerfile.
Take a look at this Dockerfile for a sample of what one looks like.
To build this image, simply cd into the directory that contains the Dockerfile and run:
docker build -t webserver_simple .
This will produce an image tagged "webserver_simple" based on the Ansible playbook run. Here's the playbook that defines the configuration.
Your own content will probably be kept in it's own git repos. You may wish to connect your repositories containing Ansible+Docker playbooks to DockerHub, to trigger automatic rebuilds of your container images when your underlying ansible playbooks, or the applications they might embed, change.
Selecting Versions of Ansible
The DockerFile shown above selected the latest CentOS tag of Ansible's Docker images. The first line of the DockerFile can be changed to select another base operating system or Ansible version should you wish to use a different OS or different Ansible version.
The following options are available:
FROM ansible/centos7-ansible:stable FROM ansible/centos7-ansible:devel FROM ansible/ubuntu14.04-ansible:stable FROM ansible/ubuntu14.04-ansible:devel
Ansible images on DockerHub will be updated periodically.
Jumping Docker Content with Ansible Galaxy
While Ansible provides 240+ modules for managing various aspects of IT components and is a great starting point for describing your applications, Ansible Galaxy provides complete automation for deploying a very large number of popular apps and takes this to the next level.
To use existing ansible-role content within Docker, simply switch into a playbook directory and download the roles. For example, to configure the ELK stack:
mkdir roles/ cd roles/ ansible-galaxy install bakhti.elk
And then leverage the role content in the playbook:
- hosts: localhost roles: - bakhti.elk
So, a 3 line playbook then brings up an entire ELK stack in a container image :)
Deploying Your Ansible-Built Docker Containers with Ansible
Once available on a registry, images can be deployed using the Ansible Docker Module. This can be a lightweight way to specify what containers should run on which hosts.
Here's a minimal example of running a Tomcat container on all of your hosts:
- hosts: web sudo: yes tasks: - name: run tomcat servers docker: image=my-tomcat command="service tomcat6 start" ports=8080
Replace the "image" parameter with the name of the image above in your registry.
For more information, consult the Ansible Docker module documentation
As your needs grow more detailed and you wish to specify different containers for different hosts, you might have a list called "run_containers" defined per Ansible host group, saying which containers to run on each host. This can allow ansible to be used as a lightweight cloud, all without any additional moving parts.
Rebuilding Automatically when the Ansible Image Updates
If you are using a Docker Hub automated build to build your images you can set your image to rebuild whenever the base ansible image (hosted by Ansible, Inc) is updated:
- Go to the docker hub page for your repository.
- In the sidebar labeled "Settings", find the entry marked "Repository Links"
- On the "Repository Links" page, enter the Ansible repository you are layering your image on top of. For instance, if you are using the ubuntu14.04-ansible repository, enter ansible/ubuntu14.04-ansible into the "Repository Name" box and click "Add".
- Docker hub will now automatically rebuild your image whenever that ansible repository has a new build.
If you'd like to talk about Ansible+Docker, stop by the ansible-project mailing list or #ansible on irc.freenode.net for IRC.