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EZSheets

A Pythonic interface to the Google Sheets API that actually works as of August 2021.

Installation

To install with pip, run:

pip install ezsheets

Quickstart Guide

First you need to enable the Google Sheets API for your Google account:

  • Go to https://developers.google.com/sheets/api/quickstart/python
  • Click the blue "Enable the Google Sheets API" button.
  • If you aren't already logged in, log in to your Google account on the login page that appears. (I recommend using a separate Google account specifically made for your Python scripts.)
  • On the window that appears, click the blue "Download Client Configuration" button to download the credentials.json file.
  • Rename this file to credentials-sheets.json.
  • Place this file in the same folder as your Python script.

Next install the EZSheets module:

pip install --upgrade ezsheets

(Use pip3 on macOS and Linux.)

The first time you call an EZSheets function, the module will use your credentials-sheets.json file to generate a token-sheets.pickle and token-drive.pickle file. Don't share these files: Treat these files the same as you would your Google account password.

Create a Spreadsheet object by using the Spreadsheet's URL:

>>> import ezsheets
>>> s = ezsheets.Spreadsheet('https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c/edit#gid=0')

You can also just provide the spreadsheet ID part of the URL:

>>> s = ezsheets.Spreadsheet('16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c')

Spreadsheet objects have a title and spreadsheetId attributes:

>>> s.title
'Class Data Example'
>>> s.title = 'Class Data'
>>> s.title
'Class Data'
>>> s.spreadsheetId
'16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c'

Spreadsheet objects also have a sheets attribute, which is a list of Sheet objects:

>>> s.sheets
(Sheet(title='Sheet3', sheetId=314007586, rowCount=1000, columnCount=26), Sheet(title='Foobar', sheetId=2075929783, rowCount=1000, columnCount=27), Sheet(title='Class Data', sheetId=0, rowCount=101, columnCount=22, frozenRowCount=1), Sheet(title='Sheet2', sheetId=880141843, rowCount=1000, columnCount=26))
>>> s.sheetTitles
('Sheet3', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')
>>> sh = s.sheets[0]

You can then view the size and title of a sheet:

>>> sh = s.sheets[0]
>>> sh.title
'Sheet3'
>>> sh.title = 'My New Title'
>>> sh.title
'My New Title'
>>> sh.columnCount, sh.rowCount
(26, 1000)

You can also get or update data in a specific cell, row, or column:

>>> sh.get(1,1)
'fads'
>>> sh.update(1, 1, 'New cell value')
>>> sh.getRow(1)
['New cell value', 'fe', 'fa', 'ewafwe', 'f', 'ew', 'ewafawef', 'ewf', 'ewf', 'ew', 'fewa', 'f', 'ew', '', '', '', '', '', '', 'ewf', 'ewafewaf', 'ewfewf', '', 'f', 'ewfewafewaf', 'ewfew']
>>> sh.updateRow(['cell A', 'cell B', 'cell C'])
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: updateRow() missing 1 required positional argument: 'values'
>>> sh.updateRow(1, ['cell A', 'cell B', 'cell C'])
>>> sh.getColumn(1)
['cell A']
>>> sh.update(1, 2, 'another value')
>>> sh.getColumn(1)
['cell A', 'another value']
>>> sh.updateAll([['CELL A', 'ANOTHER VALUE', 'CELL C'], ['ANOTHER VALUE']])
>>> sh.getRows()
[['CELL A', 'ANOTHER VALUE', 'CELL C'], ['ANOTHER VALUE']]

If the data on the Google Sheet changes, you can refresh your local copy of the data:

>>> sh.refresh() # Updates the Sheet object.
>>> s.refresh()  # Updates the Spreadsheet object and all its sheets.

You can rearrange the order of the sheets in the spreadsheet:

>>> s.sheetTitles
('My New Title', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')
>>> s.sheets[0].index
0
>>> s.sheets[0].index = 2
>>> s.sheetTitles
('Foobar', 'Class Data', 'My New Title', 'Sheet2')
>>> s.sheets[2].index = 0
>>> s.sheetTitles
('My New Title', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')

You can recolor the tabs as well. (Currently you can't reset the tab color back to no color.)

Contribute

If you'd like to contribute to EZSheets, check out https://github.com/asweigart/ezsheets

Support

If you find this project helpful and would like to support its development, consider donating to its creator on Patreon.

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