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A Pythonic interface to the Google Sheets API that actually works as of Feb 2019.
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README.md

EZSheets

A Pythonic interface to the Google Sheets API that actually works as of June 2019.

Installation

To install with pip, run:

pip install ezsheets

Quickstart Guide

First, go to https://developers.google.com/sheets/api/quickstart/python and click the "Enable the Google Sheets API" button. You'll need to log into your Google account. (I recommend using a separate Google account specifically made for your Python scripts.) Then download the credentials.json file, rename it to credentials-sheets.json, and place it in the same folder as your Python script.

Next, install the follow modules using pip (or pip3 for Python 3 on macOS and Linux):

pip install --upgrade google-api-python-client google-auth-httplib2 google-auth-oauthlib

Next install the EZSheets module:

pip install --upgrade ezsheets

The first time you call an EZSheets function, the module will use your credentials-sheets.json file to generate a token-sheets.pickle and token-drive.pickle file. Don't share these files: Treat these files the same as you would your Google account password.

Create a Spreadsheet object by using the Spreadsheet's URL:

>>> import ezsheets
>>> s = ezsheets.Spreadsheet('https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c/edit#gid=0')

You can also just provide the spreadsheet ID part of the URL:

>>> s = ezsheets.Spreadsheet('16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c')

Spreadsheet objects have a title and spreadsheetId attributes:

>>> s.title
'Class Data Example'
>>> s.title = 'Class Data'
>>> s.title
'Class Data'
>>> s.spreadsheetId
'16RWH9XBBwd8pRYZDSo9EontzdVPqxdGnwM5MnP6T48c'

Spreadsheet objects also have a sheets attribute, which is a list of Sheet objects:

>>> s.sheets
(Sheet(title='Sheet3', sheetId=314007586, rowCount=1000, columnCount=26), Sheet(title='Foobar', sheetId=2075929783, rowCount=1000, columnCount=27), Sheet(title='Class Data', sheetId=0, rowCount=101, columnCount=22, frozenRowCount=1), Sheet(title='Sheet2', sheetId=880141843, rowCount=1000, columnCount=26))
>>> s.sheetTitles
('Sheet3', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')
>>> sh = s.sheets[0]

You can then view the size and title of a sheet:

>>> sh = s.sheets[0]
>>> sh.title
'Sheet3'
>>> sh.title = 'My New Title'
>>> sh.title
'My New Title'
>>> sh.columnCount, sh.rowCount
(26, 1000)

You can also get or update data in a specific cell, row, or column:

>>> sh.get(1,1)
'fads'
>>> sh.update(1, 1, 'New cell value')
>>> sh.getRow(1)
['New cell value', 'fe', 'fa', 'ewafwe', 'f', 'ew', 'ewafawef', 'ewf', 'ewf', 'ew', 'fewa', 'f', 'ew', '', '', '', '', '', '', 'ewf', 'ewafewaf', 'ewfewf', '', 'f', 'ewfewafewaf', 'ewfew']
>>> sh.updateRow(['cell A', 'cell B', 'cell C'])
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: updateRow() missing 1 required positional argument: 'values'
>>> sh.updateRow(1, ['cell A', 'cell B', 'cell C'])
>>> sh.getColumn(1)
['cell A']
>>> sh.update(1, 2, 'another value')
>>> sh.getColumn(1)
['cell A', 'another value']
>>> sh.updateAll([['CELL A', 'ANOTHER VALUE', 'CELL C'], ['ANOTHER VALUE']])
>>> sh.getAll()
[['CELL A', 'ANOTHER VALUE', 'CELL C'], ['ANOTHER VALUE']]

If the data on the Google Sheet changes, you can refresh your local copy of the data:

>>> sh.refresh() # Updates the Sheet object.
>>> s.refresh()  # Updates the Spreadsheet object and all its sheets.

You can rearrange the order of the sheets in the spreadsheet:

>>> s.sheetTitles
('My New Title', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')
>>> s.sheets[0].index
0
>>> s.sheets[0].index = 2
>>> s.sheetTitles
('Foobar', 'Class Data', 'My New Title', 'Sheet2')
>>> s.sheets[2].index = 0
>>> s.sheetTitles
('My New Title', 'Foobar', 'Class Data', 'Sheet2')

You can recolor the tabs as well. (Currently you can't reset the tab color back to no color.)

Contribute

If you'd like to contribute to EZSheets, check out https://github.com/asweigart/ezsheets

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