Language Server Protocol support for Atom (the basis of Atom-IDE)
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README.md

Atom Language Server Protocol Client

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Provide integration support for adding Language Server Protocol servers to Atom.

Background

Language Server Protocol (LSP) is a JSON-RPC based mechanism whereby a client (IDE) may connect to an out-of-process server that can provide rich analysis, refactoring and interactive features for a given programming language.

Implementation

This npm package can be used by Atom package authors wanting to integrate LSP-compatible language servers with Atom. It provides:

  • Conversion routines between Atom and LSP types
  • A FlowTyped wrapper around JSON-RPC for v3 of the LSP protocol
  • All necessary FlowTyped input and return structures for LSP, notifications etc.
  • A number of adapters to translate communication between Atom/Atom-IDE and the LSP's capabilities
  • Automatic wiring up of adapters based on the negotiated capabilities of the language server
  • Helper functions for downloading additional non-npm dependencies

Capabilities

The language server protocol consists of a number of capabilities. Some of these already have a counterpoint we can connect up to today while others do not. The following table shows each capability in v2 and how it is exposed via Atom;

Capability Atom interface
window/showMessage Notifications package
window/showMessageRequest Notifications package
window/logMessage Atom-IDE console
telemetry/event Ignored
workspace/didChangeWatchedFiles Atom file watch API
textDocument/publishDiagnostics Linter v2 push/indie
textDocument/completion AutoComplete+
completionItem/resolve AutoComplete+ (Atom 1.24+)
textDocument/hover Atom-IDE data tips
textDocument/signatureHelp Atom-IDE signature help
textDocument/definition Atom-IDE definitions
textDocument/findReferences Atom-IDE findReferences
textDocument/documentHighlight Atom-IDE code highlights
textDocument/documentSymbol Atom-IDE outline view
workspace/symbol TBD
textDocument/codeAction Atom-IDE code actions
textDocument/codeLens TBD
textDocument/formatting Format File command
textDocument/rangeFormatting Format Selection command
textDocument/onTypeFormatting TBD
textDocument/rename TBD
textDocument/didChange Send on save
textDocument/didOpen Send on open
textDocument/didSave Send after save
textDocument/willSave Send before save
textDocument/didClose Send on close

Developing packages

The underlying JSON-RPC communication is handled by the vscode-jsonrpc npm module.

Minimal example

A minimal implementation can be illustrated by the Omnisharp package here which has only npm-managed dependencies. You simply provide the scope name, language name and server name as well as start your process and AutoLanguageClient takes care of interrogating your language server capabilities and wiring up the appropriate services within Atom to expose them.

const {AutoLanguageClient} = require('atom-languageclient')

class CSharpLanguageClient extends AutoLanguageClient {
  getGrammarScopes () { return [ 'source.cs' ] }
  getLanguageName () { return 'C#' }
  getServerName () { return 'OmniSharp' }

  startServerProcess () {
    return super.spawnChildNode([ require.resolve('omnisharp-client/languageserver/server') ])
  }
}

module.exports = new CSharpLanguageClient()

You can get this code packaged up with the necessary package.json etc. from the ide-csharp provides C# support via Omnisharp (node-omnisharp) repo.

Note that you will also need to add various entries to the providedServices and consumedServices section of your package.json (for now). You can obtain these entries here.

Using other connection types

The default connection type is stdio however both ipc and sockets are also available.

IPC

To use ipc simply return ipc from getConnectionType(), e.g.

class ExampleLanguageClient extends AutoLanguageClient {
  getGrammarScopes () { return [ 'source.js', 'javascript' ] }
  getLanguageName () { return 'JavaScript' }
  getServerName () { return 'JavaScript Language Server' }

  getConnectionType() { return 'ipc' }

  startServerProcess () {
    const startServer = require.resolve('@example/js-language-server')
    return super.spawnChildNode([startServer, '--node-ipc'], {
      stdio: [null, null, null, 'ipc']
    })
  }
}

Sockets

Sockets are a little more complex because you need to allocate a free socket. The ide-php package contains an example of this.

Debugging

Atom-LanguageClient can log all sent and received messages nicely formatted to the Developer Tools Console within Atom. To do so simply enable it with atom.config.set('core.debugLSP', true), e.g.

Tips

Some more elaborate scenarios can be found in the ide-java package which includes:

  • Downloading and unpacking non-npm dependencies (in this case a .tar.gz containing JAR files)
  • Platform-specific start-up configuration
  • Wiring up custom extensions to the protocol (language/status to Atom Status-Bar, language/actionableNotification to Atom Notifications)

Available packages

Right now we have the following experimental Atom LSP packages in development. They are mostly usable but are missing some features that either the LSP server doesn't support or expose functionality that is as yet unmapped to Atom (TODO and TBD in the capabilities table above).

Official packages

Community packages

Our full list of Atom IDE packages includes the community packages.

Other language servers

Additional LSP servers that might be of interest to be packaged with this for Atom can be found at LangServer.org

Contributing

Running from source

If you want to run from source you will need to perform the following steps (you will need node and npm intalled):

  1. Check out the source
  2. From the source folder type npm link to build and link
  3. From the folder where your package lives type npm link atom-languageclient

If you want to switch back to the production version of atom-languageclient type npm unlink atom-languageclient from the folder where your package lives.

Before sending a PR

We have various unit tests and some linter rules - you can run both of these locally using npm test to ensure your CI will get a clean build.

Guidance

Always feel free to help out! Whether it's filing bugs and feature requests or working on some of the open issues, Atom's contributing guide will help get you started while the guide for contributing to packages has some extra information.

License

MIT License. See the license for more details.