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Video Disk Recorder User's Manual
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Version 1.6
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* Remote Control Keys
The following remote control keys are used to control the VDR
operation. To keep the number of different keys as small as
possible, several keys have different meanings in the various
modes:
Key Normal VDR Channels Timers Edit/New Recordings Replay Audio
Up Ch up Crsr up Crsr up Crsr up Crsr up Crsr up Play Sel. track
Down Ch down Crsr down Crsr down Crsr down Crsr down Crsr down Pause Sel. track
Left Prev group - Page up Page up Decrement Page up Search back Sel. channel
Right Next group - Page down Page down Increment Page down Search forward Sel. channel
Ok Ch display Select Switch Edit Accept Play Progress disp. Switch & Close
Menu Menu on Menu off Menu off Menu off Menu off Menu off Menu off Menu off
Back - Menu off VDR menu VDR menu Discard VDR menu Recordings menu Close
Red - Record Edit On/Off ABC/abc Play/Commands(1) Jump -
Green - Audio New New Ins/Ovr Rewind Skip -60s -
Yellow - Pause live Delete Delete Delete Delete Skip +60s -
Blue - Stop/Resume Mark Info - Info Stop -
0..9 Ch select - Sort(2) Day(3) Numeric inp. Exec cmd(1) Editing -
In a numerical input field (like the response to a CAM enquiry) the keys 0..9
are used to enter the data, and the Left key can be used to delete the last
entered digit.
In a text input field (like, e.g., the file name of a recording) the characters
can be entered by pressing the numeric keys, the same way as on a telephone
keypad.
If your remote control provides additional keys, they can be used for the
following functions:
Info display information on the currently viewed programme or recording,
or on the current item in a menu
Play resume normal replay
Pause pause replay or live video
Stop stop replay
Record instant recording
FastFwd fast forward
FastRew fast rewind
Next Next/previous channel group (in live tv mode)
Prev or next/previous editing mark (in replay mode)
Channel+ channel up
Channel- channel down
PrevChannel previous channel
Power shutdown
Volume+ volume up
Volume- volume down
Mute mute
Audio select audio track
Subtitles select subtitles
Schedule \
Channels |
Timers | directly access the VDR
Recordings | main menu functions
Setup |
Commands /
User1...9 additional user defined keys for macro functions
(defined in 'keymacros.conf')
Note that in normal viewing mode (no OSD active) the color keys can have user
defined functionality, as configured in 'keymacros.conf'.
The default assignment is
Red Recordings menu
Green Schedule menu
Yellow Info
Blue Timers menu
(1) See "Processing Recordings" below.
(2) In the "Channels" menu the '0' key switches the sort mode through "by number",
"by name" and "by provider". Other numeric input positions the cursor to
the channel with the number entered so far. If there is no channel with that
number, nothing happens. While entering a channel number, the '0' key will
be treated as part of that number, not as a sort mode toggle. If no numeric
key has been pressed for more than one second, the number is reset and '0'
functions as sort mode toggle again.
(3) In the "Timers" menu, when on the "Day" item, the '0' key toggles between
a single shot and a repeating timer. If "Day" indicates a repeating timer,
the keys '1'...'7' can be used to toggle the individual days ('1' is Monday).
* Navigating through the On Screen Menus
The "VDR" menu can be called up with the "Menu" key of your remote
control unit. The "Up" and "Down" keys are used to select a specific
item. The "Left" and "Right" keys can be used to change options, and
the numeric keys allow direct input of numeric data. The "Ok" key
confirms any changes (or switches to a channel in the "Channels" menu).
The "Back" key goes back one level in the menu structure, discarding
any changes that might have been made in the current menu.
In the "Timers" menu, the current timer can be enabled or disabled with
the "Red" key. Enabled timers are marked with '>', timers
that are currently recording are marked with '#'. If a timer has the
"First day" set so that it will start recording only on the given date,
it is marked with '!'. The "Red" key toggles through the "enabled" and
"disabled" states, and for repeating timers that are currently recording
also a state that ends this recording prematurely and sets the "First day"
date so that it will record again the next time the timer hits.
"Ok" here opens the "Edit timer" menu.
Textual options, like channel names or recording file names, can be edited
by pressing the "Right" key (which puts brackets around the current
character as in "[R]TL"), selecting the desired character position with
"Left" and "Right", and changing the character with the "Up" and "Down"
keys. "Ok" then confirms the changes. The "Red" key toggles between
upper- and lowercase characters, while the "Green" key switches between
insert and overwrite mode. The "Yellow" key deletes the current character
(or the one to the right of the cursor in insert mode).
The "Red", "Green", "Yellow" and "Blue" keys have special meanings
in various menus and are listed at the bottom of the on-screen-display.
At any point in the menu system, pressing the "Menu" key again will
immediately leave the menu system (discarding any pending changes).
* The "Schedule" Menu
The "Schedule" menu implements VDR's "Electronic Program Guide" (EPG).
Select "Schedule" from the "VDR" menu and you get a list of all upcoming
broadcasts on the current channel.
"Up" and "Down" can be used to scroll through this list, and pressing "Ok"
displays detailed information about the selected programme. Pressing "Ok"
again (or pressing "Back") gets you back into the "Schedule" menu.
From the "Schedule" menu, the "Green" key opens the "What's on now?"
menu, which displays all programmes that are currently running on all
channels that broadcast their programme information on the current
transponder, or from channels that have been current lately (VDR stores
all information it gathers in an internal list). The more channels you
have been switching through lately, the longer this list will be.
The "Yellow" key opens the "What's on next?" menu, which lists all
programmes that will start next on all channels.
Inside the "What's on now/next?" menus the "Green" key toggles between
the "Now" and "Next" display, and the "Yellow" key takes you to the
"Schedule" menu of the current channel in the list.
The "Red" key allows you to instantly program a timer to record the
selected programme. After pressing this key, the current event will
be marked with 'T', and the function of the "Red" key will change from
"Record" to "Timer". Pressing "Red" on an event marked with 'T' will open
the "Edit timer" menu for this timer, where you can make any modifications
you may want to apply. Note that the Start and Stop time are offset by the
MarginStart and MarginStop parameters (see Setup) in order to make sure the
entire programme is recorded in case it doesn't exactly adhere to its
published start/stop times. Of course, no guarantee can be given that the
default margin values will be sufficient, so in case this recording is
really important you may want to add an extra margin ;-). VPS recordings
will use the exact Start (or VPS) and Stop times as given in the event.
If a timer is newly created from within the "Schedule" menu, and its event is
already running or has its start time within the next two minutes, it goes
directly into the "Edit timer" menu in order to allow the user to make further
changes to timer parameters before the actual recording starts.
The "Blue" key can be pressed to switch to the channel with the selected
programme.
The following markers in these menus give additional information about the
status of the events:
t there is a timer defined for this event which covers only part of the event
T there is a timer defined for this event which covers the entire event
V this event has a VPS time that's different than its start time
* this event is currently running (the validity of this marker depends on
whether there is currently a DVB card receiving the transponder this channel
is on).
Pressing '0' in the "Schedule" menu rotates through displaying "This event on
this channel", "This event on all channels" and "All events on all channels".
This can be used to find reruns of a given show, or the episodes of a series.
Note that if there are many channels in your channels.conf, displaying the
"All events on all channels" page may take a while.
* Selecting a Channel
There are four ways to select a channel:
1. With no On Screen Menu displayed press the "Up" or "Down" key to switch
to the next higher or lower channel.
2. Press the "Menu" key to bring up the On Screen Menu, select "Channels"
and browse through the list with the "Up" and "Down" key; to switch to the
selected channel press "Ok".
3. Directly type in the channel number with the numeric keys ('0'..'9');
if no key is pressed for about one second, the digits collected so
far will define the channel number.
4. From the "Now", "Next" and "Event" menus (accessible through the "Schedule"
menu) by pressing the "Blue" key.
Pressing the '0' key in normal viewing mode toggles between the current and
the previous channel. A channel is considered "previous" if it has been
selected for at least 3 seconds.
After switching to a different channel the channel number and name, as well
as the current time are displayed in the OSD. If available, the
'current/next' information will be displayed below this line. This display
automatically goes away after about five seconds, or if any key is pressed.
To bring up the channel display without switching channels you can press
the "Ok" key.
* Selecting audio tracks
If the current channel or recording provides different audio tracks (for
different languages or Dolby Digital), the "Green" key in the "VDR" menu can
be pressed to bring up the "Audio" menu. Within this menu, the "Up" and "Down"
keys can be used to switch between the audio tracks. If your remote control has
a dedicated "Audio" key, the first press of that key brings up the "Audio"
menu, and every further press switches to the next available audio track.
The "Left" and "Right" keys can be used to switch between "mono left", "stereo"
and "mono right" for channels that broadcast different audio tracks in the
left and right stereo channels.
The "Ok" key explicitly switches to the selected track (in case the device
for some reason doesn't play it) and closes the "Audio" menu.
The "Audio" menu will automatically disappear after 5 seconds of user inactivity,
or if any key other than the ones described above is pressed.
Once a Dolby Digital track has been selected on any channel, further channel
switches will first search for a Dolby Digital track of one of the preferred
audio languages. If no such track can be found, a normal audio track will
be selected. Note that this only works if the broadcasters use actual language
codes in their PID data, not things like "dd" or "2ch".
* Switching through channel groups
If the 'channels.conf' file contains "group separators" you can switch
through these groups by pressing the "Left" and "Right" key while no
menu is being displayed. The channel display will show the name of the
group, and if you press the "Ok" key while the group name is being
displayed, you will switch to the first channel of that group.
Channel groups can be whatever you decide them to be. You can either
group your channels by "Bouquet", by language, genre or whatever your
preferences may be.
* Instant Recording
You can start recording the current channel by pressing the "Red" key
in the "VDR" menu. This will create a timer event named "@channelname" that
starts at the current time and by default records for 3 hours.
If you want to modify the recording time you need to edit the timer.
Stop instant recording by pressing the "Menu" key and selecting
"Stop Recording", or by disabling the timer. The default priority, lifetime
and recording time can be defined in the "Setup/Recording" menu.
* Pausing live video
If you want to pause the live programme you are just watching, simple press
"Menu/Yellow" or "Pause" on your remote control. VDR will start an instant
recording of the current channel (just as if you had pressed "Menu/Red" or
"Record") and immediately begin replaying that recording. Replay will be
put into "pause" mode, so you can attend to whatever it was that disturbed
your live viewing session. Once you're back, simply press the "Up" or "Play"
key and you'll be watching the current channel in time shift mode, right
from the point where you left off. The instant recording VDR has started
will use the parameters for "Pause priority" and "Pause lifetime" as defined
in the "Setup/Recording" menu. Recording time will be the same as for
any other instant recording, so by default it will record 3 hours (which
should be enough for any normal broadcast).
* Replaying a Recording
All recordings are listed in the "Recordings" menu. Browse through the
list with the "Up" and "Down" key and press "Ok" (or the "Red" key)
to start playback. New recordings are marked with an '*'.
If the Setup parameter RecordingDirs has been set and there are recordings
from repeating timers organized in a subdirectory structure, only the
directory is displayed and it can be opened by pressing "Ok" (or the "Red"
key). A directory entry displays the total number of recordings within
that directory (and any possible subdirectory thereof) as well as the total
number of new recordings (as opposed to a recording's entry, which displays
the date and time of the recording).
If the setup parameter "Use episode name" was turned on when a recording took place,
VDR adds the "Episode name" (which is usually the name of the episode in case of
a series) to the recording's name. The "Recordings" menu then displays all
recordings of a repeating timer in chronological order, since these are
usually the individual episodes of a series, which you may want to view in
the order in which they were broadcast.
Playback can be stopped via the "VDR" menu by selecting "Stop replaying",
or by pressing the "Blue" key outside the menu.
A previously stopped playback session can be resumed by pressing the "Blue"
key in the "VDR" menu.
* Processing Recordings
The configuration file 'reccmds.conf' can be used to define system commands
that can be applied to the recording that is currently highlighted in the
"Recordings" menu. The "Red" key in the "Recordings" menu opens the "Recording
commands" menu if there are commands defined in the file 'reccmds.conf'. Pressing
one of the keys '1'..'9' in the "Recordings" menu executes the corresponding
command from 'reccmds.conf' (see also "Executing system commands" below).
* Replay Control
The following keys have the listed meaning in Replay mode:
- Up Resumes normal replay from any "pause", "forward" or "backward"
mode.
- Down Halts playback at the current position. Press again to continue
playback.
- Blue Stops playback and stores the current position, so that
playback can be resumed later at that point.
- Left
Right Runs playback forward or backward at a higher speed; press
again to resume normal speed. If in Pause mode, runs forward or
backward at a slower speed; press again to return to pause mode.
Pressing and holding down the key performs the function until
the key is released again.
If "Multi Speed Mode" has been enabled in the "Setup" menu, the
function of these keys changes in a way that gives you three
fast and slow speeds, through which you can switch by pressing
the respective key several times.
- Red Jump to a specific location. Enter the time you want to jump to
and then press "Left" or "Right" to jump relative to the current
position, "Up" to jump to an absolute position, and "Down" to
jump and pause at an absolute position.
- Green
Yellow Skips about 60 seconds back or forward.
Pressing and holding down the key performs the function until
the key is released again.
- Ok Brings up the replay progress display, which shows the date,
time and title of the recording, a progress bar and the
current and total time of the recording.
Press "Ok" again to turn off the progress display.
- Back Stops replaying and brings up the "Recordings" menu. This can be
used to easily delete a recording after watching it, or to switch
to a different recording.
* Editing a Recording
While in Replay mode, the following keys can be used to manipulate editing
marks:
- 0 Toggles an editing mark. If the mark indicator shows a red triangle,
the current mark is deleted. Otherwise a new mark is set at the
current position.
- 4, 6 Move an editing mark back and forward. You need to first jump to
an editing mark for this to work.
- 7, 9 Jump back and forward between editing marks. Replay goes into still
mode after jumping to a mark.
- 8 Positions replay at a point 3 seconds before the current or next
"start" mark and starts replay.
- 2 Start the actual cutting process.
Editing marks are represented by black, vertical lines in the progress display.
A small black triangle at the top of the mark means that this is a "start"
mark, and a triangle at the bottom means that this is an "end" mark.
The cutting process will save all video data between "start" and "end" marks
into a new file (the original recording remains untouched). The new file will
have the same name as the original recording, preceded with a '%' character
(imagine the '%' somehow looking like a pair of scissors ;-). Red bars in the
progress display indicate which video sequences will be saved by the cutting
process.
The video sequences to be saved by the cutting process are determined by an
"even/odd" algorithm. This means that every odd numbered editing mark (i.e.
1, 3, 5,...) represents a "start" mark, while every even numbered mark (2, 4,
6,...) is an "end" mark. Inserting or toggling a mark on or off automatically
adjusts the sequence to the right side of that mark.
Use the keys described under "Replay Control" to position to, e.g., the
beginning and end of commercial breaks and press the '0' key to set the
necessary editing marks. After that you may want to use the '7' and '9'
keys to jump to each mark and maybe use the '4' and '6' keys to fine tune
them. Once all marks are in place, press '2' to start the actual cutting
process, which will run as a background process. When replaying the edited
version of the recording you can use the '8' key to jump to a point just
before the next cut and have a look at the resulting sequence.
Currently editing marks can only be set at I-frames, which typically is
every 12th frame. So editing can be done with a resolution of roughly half
a second. A "start" mark marks the first frame of a resulting video
sequence, and an "end" mark marks the last frame of that sequence.
An edited recording (indicated by the '%' character) will never be deleted
automatically in case the disk runs full (no matter what "lifetime" it has).
* Programming the Timer
Use the "Timer" menu to maintain your list of timer controlled recordings.
The parameters in the "Edit timer" menu have the following meanings:
Active: Defines whether the timer will be processed (set it to 'no' to
temporarily disable a timer).
Channel: The channel to be recorded (as defined in the "Channels" list).
Any changes made in the "Channels" list (like renaming or
reordering channels) will be automatically reflected in the
timers settings.
Day: The day on which this timer shall start. This can be a
date (like 2005-03-19), which allows programming a "single shot"
timer that hits once and is deleted after it ends.
Another option here are "repeating timers" which are defined
by listing the days of the week on which they shall record.
For example, a timer that shall record every Monday and Wednesday
would have a Day setting of "M-W----".
The '0' key toggles between a single shot and a repeating timer.
If "Day" indicates a repeating timer, the keys '1'...'7' can be
used to toggle the individual days ('1' is Monday).
You can also switch to a set of predefined repeating timer settings
by pressing the "Left" key when the day is the present day. To return
to the single shot mode just press "Right" until a date is displayed.
Start: The start time of the timer in hh:mm as 24 hour ("military") time.
Stop: The stop time of the timer.
VPS: Defines whether the timer shall use VPS (if available). If this
option is set to 'yes', the start time must exactly match the
programme's VPS time, otherwise nothing will be recorded. If VPS
is used, the stop time has no real meaning. However, it must be
different than the start time, and should correspond to the actual
stop time of the programme, just in case there is no real VPS data
available at the time of recording, so VDR has to fall back to
normal timer recording.
Priority: The Priority (0..99) is used to decide which timer shall be
started in case there are two or more timers with the exact same
start time. The first timer in the list with the highest Priority
will be used. This value is also stored with the recording and is
later used to decide which recording to remove from disk in order
to free space for a new recording. If the disk is full and a new
recording needs more space, an existing recording with the lowest
Priority (and which has exceeded its guaranteed Lifetime) will be
removed. If all available DVB cards are currently occupied, a
timer with a higher priority will interrupt the timer with the
lowest priority in order to start recording.
Lifetime: The number of days (0..99) a recording made through this timer is
guaranteed to remain on disk before it is automatically removed
to free up space for a new recording. Note that setting this
parameter to very high values for all recordings may soon fill up
the entire disk and cause new recordings to fail due to low disk
space. The special value 99 means that this recording will live
"forever", and a value of 0 means that this recording can be
deleted any time if a recording with a higher priority needs disk
space.
File: The name under which a recording created through this timer will
be stored on disk (the actual name will also contain the date and
time, so it is possible to have a "repeating timer" store all its
recordings under the same name; they will be distinguishable by
their date and time).
If the file name contains the special character '~', the recording
will be stored in a hierarchical directory structure. For instance,
a file name of "Sci-Fi~Star Trek~Voyager" will result in a directory
structure "/video/Sci-Fi/Star_Trek/Voyager". The '~' character has
been chosen for this since the file system's directory delimiter '/'
may be part of a regular programme name.
Repeating timers create recordings that contain the 'Episode name'
information from the EPG data in their file name. Typically (on tv
stations that care about their viewers) this contains the episode
title of a series. The episode name is appended to the timer's file name,
separated by a '~' character, so that it results in all recordings
of this timer being collected in a common subdirectory.
If this field is left blank, the channel name will be used to form
the name of the recording.
First day: The date of the first day when this timer shall start recording
(only available for repeating timers).
A timer can also be programmed by pressing the "Red" key on the "Schedule",
"Now", "Next" or "Event" menus.
The "Red" key in the "Edit timer" menu opens a list of folders, which can be
used to define the file name in which the recording will be stored.
* Managing folders
The "Select folder" menu, which can be accessed by pressing the "Red" key in
the "Edit timer" menu, offers a list of folders that can be used for storing
a recording. In this menu, the "Green" key allows you to define a new folder
within the current one; if the "Sub folder" option is set to "yes", this will
be a folder that contains other folders (indicated by "..." following the
folder name in the list). The "Yellow" key deletes the current folder (note
that this will merely delete the folder definition stored in 'folders.conf'
and has no effect on existing timers or recordings). The "Blue" key can be
used to edit an existing folder definition. The "Red" key selects the current
folder, or enters a sub folder. Once a folder has been selected, the entire
path of the timer's file name will be replaced with the selected folder.
* Parameters in the "Setup" menu
Select "Setup" from the "VDR" menu to enter the setup menu. From there you can
modify the following system parameters (note that "boolean" values will be
displayed as "no" and "yes" in the "Setup" menu, while in the setup file they
are stored as '0' and '1', respectively):
OSD:
Language = English Defines the language used to display the OSD texts.
Skin = ST:TNG Panels Defines the "skin" used to display the OSD menus.
Theme = Default Defines the "theme" to use with the current skin.
Left = 8 The left and top offset of the OSD, in percent of the
Top = 8 total video display width and height, respectively.
The valid range is 0...50%.
Width = 87 The width and height of the OSD, in percent of the
Height = 84 total video display width and height, respectively.
The valid range is 50...100%.
Message time = 1 The time (in seconds) how long an informational
message shall be displayed on the OSD. The valid range
is 1...60.
Use small font = 1 Defines whether the small font shall be used. 0 means never
use the small font, 1 means use the small font wherever the
current skin wants to, and 2 means always use the small
font.
Anti-alias = 1 Controls whether the OSD uses "anti-aliasing" to improve
font rendering. To make this work, the OSD must support
at least 256 colors, and the skin in use has to
utilize these. If either of these conditions is not met,
rendering will be done without anti-aliasing.
Default font = Sans Serif:Bold
Small font = Sans Serif
Fixed font = Courier:Bold
The names of the various fonts to use.
Default font size = 3.8
Small font size = 3.5
Fixed font size = 3.1
The sizes (in percent of the total video display height)
of the various fonts. The valid range is 1...10%, at
a resolution of 0.1%.
Channel info position = bottom
The position of the channel info window in the OSD
(either 'bottom' or 'top').
Channel info time = 5 The time (in seconds) after which the channel info display
is removed if no key has been pressed.
Info on channel switch = yes
Turns the display of the current/next information on
or off when switching the channel. The information is
always displayed when pressing the "Ok" key in
normal viewing mode.
Timeout requested channel info = yes
Turns the automatic timeout of the channel display (when
invoked by a press of the "Ok" key) on or off.
Scroll pages = yes no = when pressing the "Down" ("Up") key while the cursor
is on the last (first) line of a list page, the
list is scrolled down (up) a single line and the cursor will
remain at the bottom (top) of that page
yes = the list is scrolled down (up) a full page and the cursor
will be at the top (bottom) of that page (this mode allows
for faster scrolling through long lists).
Scroll wraps = no no = when the end (beginning) of a list is reached while
moving the cursor through it, the cursor stays at the
last (first) line of the list
yes = the cursor "wraps around" and moves from the last
(first) line of the list directly to the first (last)
one.
Menu key closes = no
If set to "yes", pressing the "Menu" key while there is
anything displayed on the OSD will close the OSD. If set
to "no", the "Menu" key will open the main menu after
closing a temporary display, like, for instance, the channel
display.
Recording directories = yes
Turns displaying the Recordings menu as a hierarchical
directory structure on or off.
Folders in timer menu = yes
Controls whether the full folder path is shown in the
"Timers" menu, or just the basic recording name.
Number keys for characters = yes
Controls whether the number keys can be used to enter
characters in a text input field. You may want to set this
to "no" if you are using an actual keyboard to control VDR.
EPG:
EPG scan timeout = 5 The time (in hours) of user inactivity after which the
DVB card in a single card system starts scanning channels
to keep the EPG up-to-date.
A value of '0' completely turns off scanning on both single
and multiple card systems.
EPG bugfix level = 3 Some tv stations transmit weirdly formatted EPG data.
VDR attempts to fix these bugs up to the given level:
0 = no EPG fixing
1 = basic fixing of text location (Title, Episode and
Extended Description)
2 = removal of excess whitespace and hyphens, mapping of
wrongly used characters
3 = fix stream component descriptions
Default is '3'.
Note that after changing the setting of this parameter
any EPG data that has already been received will remain
in its existing format - only newly received data will
be fixed accordingly. Restart VDR if you want to make sure
all data is fixed.
EPG linger time = 0 The time (in minutes) within which old EPG information
shall still be displayed in the "Schedule" menu.
Set system time = no Defines whether the system time will be set according to
the time received from the DVB data stream.
Note that this works only if VDR is running under a user
id that has permission to set the system time. You also
need to set the option "Use time from transponder" to a
channel that you trust to transmit a reliable time base
(not all channels seem to have access to a correct time
base...).
Use time from transponder = 0
The frequency of the transponder that shall be used to
set the system time. The Setup menu will offer the full
list of channels, even if several of them are on the
same transponder. Also, when selecting a channel, saving
the Setup and opening the Setup menu again, there may be
a different channel listed here, since the first one
in 'channels.conf' that is on the given transponder will
be taken. Note that in order to set the system time from
the transponder data the option "Set system time" must also
be enabled.
Preferred languages = 0
Some tv stations broadcast their EPG data in various
different languages. This option allows you to define
which language(s) you prefer in such cases. By default,
or if none of the preferred languages is broadcast, any
language will be accepted and the EPG data will be
displayed in the first language received from the data
stream. If this option is set to a non-zero value, the
menu page will contain that many "Preferred language"
options which allow you to select the individual preferred
languages. If an actual EPG data record is received in
different languages, the preferred languages are checked
in the given order to decide which one to take.
Scan The "Red" key in the "Setup/EPG" menu can be used to
force an EPG scan on a single DVB card system. If pressed,
and the primary DVB device is currently not recording or
replaying, it will loop through the transponders once and
then switch back to the original channel. Any user activity
during the EPG scan will also stop the scan and bring back
the original channel.
DVB:
Primary DVB interface = 1
Defines the primary DVB interface (i.e. the one that
will display the menus and will react on input through
the remote control). Valid values range from '1' to the
number of installed DVB cards. If more than one DVB card
is installed and a recording is to be started, the
program will try to use a free DVB card that is different
from the primary DVB interface, so that the viewer will
be disturbed as little as possible.
Video format = 4:3 The video format (or aspect ratio) of the tv set in use
(4:3 or 16:9).
Video display format = letterbox
The display format to use for playing wide screen video on
a 4:3 tv set ("pan & scan", "letterbox" or "center cut out").
This option is only available if "Video format" is set to
4:3.
Use Dolby Digital = yes
Controls whether Dolby Digital tracks appear in the "Audio"
menu. This is useful if you don't have the equipment to
replay Dolby Digital audio.
Update channels = 5 Controls the automatic channel update function. '0' means
no update, '1' will only update channel names, '2' will
only update PIDs, '3' will update channel names and PIDs,
'4' will perform all updates and also add newly found channels,
and '5' will also add newly found transponders.
Note that adding new transponders only works if the "EPG scan"
is active.
Audio languages = 0 Some tv stations broadcast various audio tracks in different
languages. This option allows you to define which language(s)
you prefer in such cases. By default, or if none of the
preferred languages is broadcast, the first audio track will
be selected when switching to such a channel. If this option
is set to a non-zero value, the menu page will contain that
many "Audio language" options which allow you to select the
individual preferred languages.
Display subtitles = no If set to 'yes', the first available subtitles in the list
of preferred subtitle languages will be turned on when
switching to a channel that provides subtitles.
Subtitle languages = 0 Some tv stations broadcast various subtitle tracks in different
languages. This option allows you to define which language(s)
you prefer in such cases. By default, or if none of the
preferred languages is broadcast, no subtitles will
be selected when switching to such a channel. If this option
is set to a non-zero value, the menu page will contain that
many "Subtitle language" options which allow you to select the
individual preferred languages.
Subtitle offset = 0 Allows you to shift the location of the subtitles in the
vertical direction. The valid range is -100...100. This option
is only available if "Display subtitles" is set to 'yes'.
Subtitle foreground transparency = 0
Subtitle background transparency = 0
These define an additional level of transparency for the
foreground and background color of subtitles. Valid ranges
are 0...9 for foreground transparency, and 0...10 for
background transparency. By default the values as broadcast
are used.
LNB:
Use DiSEqC = no Generally turns DiSEqC support on or off.
SLOF = 11700 The switching frequency (in MHz) between low and
high LOF
Low LNB frequency = 9750 The LNB's low and high local oscillator frequencies
High LNB frequency = 10600 (in MHz, these have no meaning for DVB-C receivers)
Device n connected to sat cable = own
Defines whether DVB-S device n has its own satellite cable,
or is "bonded" with another device. All DVB-S devices that
are connected to the same sat cable must be set to the same
number here.
CAM:
n CAM Name Shows the CAM slots that are present in this system, where
'n' is the number of the slot, followed by the name of the
CAM. If a CAM slot is empty, '-' is displayed as name, and
if it is in the process of being reset, its current status
is displayed. The "Red" key can be pressed to enter the CAM
menu, and the "Green" key triggers a reset of the selected
slot. The "Ok" key also opens the CAM menu.
Recording:
Margin at start = 2 Defines how many minutes before the official start time
Margin at stop = 10 of a broadcast VDR shall start recording, and how long
after the official end time it shall stop recording.
These margins are added automatically to timers that
are created from the EPG data.
Default priority = 50 The default Priority and Lifetime values used when
Default lifetime = 99 creating a new timer event. A Lifetime value of 99
means that this recording will never be deleted
automatically.
Pause priority = 10 The Priority and Lifetime values used when pausing live
Pause lifetime = 1 video.
Pause key handling = 2 Defines what happens if the Pause key on the remote control
is pressed during live tv.
0 = do not pause live video
1 = confirm pause live video
2 = pause live video
The default is 2.
Use episode name = yes Repeating timers use the EPG's 'Episode name' information
to create recording file names in a hierarchical structure
(for instance to gather all episodes of a series in a
common subdirectory). This parameter can be used to
control this.
no = don't use the 'Episode name'
yes = use it (and create subdirectories)
Use VPS = 0 Defines whether a timer that is created from an EPG entry
(by pressing the "Record" (red) key in the "Schedules"
or "What's on now/next?" menu) will automatically use VPS
if the event it is created for has a VPS time.
VPS margin = 120 Defines how many seconds before a VPS controlled timer is
scheduled to start, VDR will make sure that one of the DVB
devices is tuned to the transponder that timer shall record
from. This is necessary for the "Running Status" information
that is broadcast in the EPG data to be seen by VDR.
Mark instant recording = yes
Defines whether an "instant recording" (started by
pressing the "Red" key in the "VDR" menu) will be
marked with a '@' character to make it distinguishable
from timer recordings in the "Recordings" menu.
Name instant recording = TITLE EPISODE
Defines how to name an instant recording. If the keywords
TITLE and/or EPISODE are present, they will be replaced
with the title and episode information from the EPG data
at the time of recording (if that data is available).
If this parameter is empty, the channel name will be used
by default.
Instant rec. time = 180
Defines the duration of an instant recording in minutes.
Default is 180 minutes (3 hours). The stop time of an
instant recording can be modified at any time by editing
the respective timer in the "Timers" menu.
Max. video file size = 2000
The maximum size of a single recorded video file in MB.
The valid range is 100...1048570. Default is 2000, but
you may want to use smaller values if you are planning
on archiving a recording to CD.
Split edited files = no
During the actual editing process VDR writes the result
into files that may grow up to MaxVideoFileSize. If you
prefer to have each marked sequence stored in a separate
file (named 00001.ts, 00002.ts, ...) you can set this
option to 'yes'.
Delete timeshift recording = 0
Controls whether a timeshift recording is deleted after
viewing it.
0 = no
1 = confirm
2 = yes
The default is 0.
Replay:
Multi speed mode = no Defines the function of the "Left" and "Right" keys in
replay mode. If set to 'no', one speed will be used, while
if set to 'yes' there will be three speeds for fast and slow
search, respectively.
Show replay mode = no Turns displaying the current replay mode on or off.
Show remaining time = no
Defines whether the replay progress display shows the
remaining time or the total length of the recording.
Resume ID = 0 Defines an additional ID that can be used in a multi user
environment, so that every user has his/her own resume
files for each recording. The valid range is 0...99, with
0 resulting in a file named 'resume', and any other
value resulting in 'resume.n'.
Miscellaneous:
Min. event timeout = 30
Min. user inactivity = 300
If the command line option '-s' has been set, VDR will
automatically shutdown the computer if the next timer
event is at least MinEventTimeout minutes in the future,
and the user has been inactive for at least
MinUserInactivity minutes. Setting MinUserInactivity
to 0 disables the automatic shutdown, while still
retaining the possibility to manually shutdown the
computer.
SVDRP timeout = 300 The time (in seconds) of inactivity on an open SVDRP
connection after which the connection is automatically
closed. Default is 300, a value of 0 means no timeout.
Zap timeout = 3 The time (in seconds) until a channel counts as "previous"
for switching with '0'
Channel entry timeout = 1000
The time (in milliseconds) after the last keypress until
a numerically entered channel number is considered
complete, and the channel is switched. Default is 1000,
a value of 0 turns this off, so a numerically entered
channel number then needs to be confirmed with the "Ok"
key. Note that the total maximum is also limited by
the "OSD/Channel info time" parameter.
Initial channel = The channel ID of the channel that shall be tuned to when
VDR starts. Default is empty, which means that it will
tune to the channel that was on before VDR was stopped.
Initial volume = -1 The volume that shall be set when VDR starts. Default
is -1, which means that the same volume as before
VDR was stopped will be used. The valid range is from
0 (silent) to 255 (loudest).
Channels wrap = no During zapping with the "Up" and "Down" keys (or the
"Channel+" and "Channel-" keys) the current channel will
wrap around the beginning or end of the channel list if
this parameter is set to 'yes'.
Emergency exit = yes If, for some reason, a recording fails because the video
data stream is broken, or the CAM doesn't decrypt etc.,
VDR automatically exits in order to allow the surrounding
wrapper script to reload the DVB drivers. If this option
is set to 'no', the "emergency exit" will be ignored,
hoping that the problem will go away by itself (as, for
instance, with bad weather conditions).
* Executing system commands
The "VDR" menu option "Commands" allows you to execute any system commands
defined in the configuration file 'commands.conf' (see vdr(5) for details).
The "Commands" option will only be present in the "VDR" menu if a valid
'commands.conf' file containing at least one command definition has been
found at program start.
This feature can be used to do virtually anything, like checking for new
mail, displaying the CPU temperature - you name it! All you need to do is
enter the necessary command definition into 'commands.conf' and implement
the actual command that will be called. Such a command can typically be a
shell script or a Perl program. Anything that command writes to stdout will
be displayed on a result screen after executing the command. This screen will
use a 'fixed' font so that you can generate formatted output. In order to
avoid error messages going to stderr, command definitions should redirect
stderr to stdout (see vdr(5)).
WARNING: THE COMMANDS DEFINED IN 'commands.conf' WILL BE EXECUTED UNDER THE
======= SAME USER ID THAT VDR IS RUNNING WITH. BE VERY CAREFUL WHEN
DEFINING THESE COMMANDS AND MAKE SURE THEY DON'T HARM YOUR SYSTEM,
ESPECIALLY IF YOU ARE RUNNING VDR UNDER A HIGH PRIVILEGED USER ID
(LIKE 'root').