Proxmox VE is a complete virtualization management solution for servers. You can virtualize even the most demanding application workloads running on Linux and Windows Servers. Checkout their page: proxmox.com.
Due to lack of better backup functionality I prepared patches to support differential backups in Proxmox VE. These patches are in use for over over a 6 years already :)
You find it valuable?
What are differential backups?
According to Wikipedia:
A differential backup is a type of data backup that preserves data saving only the difference in the data since the last full backup. (…) Another advantage, at least as compared to the incremental backup method of data backup, is that at data restoration time, at most two backup media are ever needed to restore all the data. This simplifies data restores as well as increases the likelihood of shortening data restoration time.
What my patches do?
My patches extends vzdump, xdelta3 and Web-GUI support. And yes, these patches fully support OpenVZ and KVM.
System administrator can use one additional parameter in Backup Jobs (Datacenter -> Backup -> Add/Edit) the Full Backup Every:
- By default this value is set to 0. Which simply means: use old behavior (always create full backups).
- But if you specify value larger than 0, for example 7. It will instruct the vzdump to create full backup once a week and use differentials for the rest.
Please consider the following example:
vzdump 101 --remove 0 --mode snapshot --compress lzo --storage local --node hvm --fullbackup 4
It will create full backup of VM101 every 4 days, compressed using lzo, stored on local storage.
How to install?
The installation procedure is fairly simple:
```bash git clone https://github.com/ayufan/pve-patches cd pve-patches bash pve-6.0-11-diff-backup-addon apply ```
When everything went right, you’ll see:
```text Proxmox VE 6.0-11 - differential backup support Kamil Trzcinski, http://ayufan.eu/, email@example.com PATCHED: /usr/share/pve-manager/ PATCHED: /usr/share/perl5/PVE/ Restarting PVE API Proxy Server: pveproxy. Restarting PVE Daemon: pvedaemon. ```
Then install latest version of
pve-xdelta3, which enables the support for LZOP and ZSTD compressors. You can find the sources here.
```bash wget https://github.com/ayufan/pve-xdelta3/releases/download/3.0.11.zstd/pve-xdelta3_3.0.11-dfsg-1ubuntu1.zstd.ayufan2_amd64.deb dpkg -i pve-xdelta3_3.0.11-dfsg-1ubuntu1.zstd.ayufan2_amd64.deb ```
Feel free to compile the sources yourself by downloading the repo and executing
dpkg-buildpackage -b -us -uc.
And what about uninstall?
The procedure is simpler than installation. Type in the bash:
```bash bash pve-6.0-11-diff-backup-addon revert ```
After a while, you’ll see:
```text Proxmox VE 6.0-11 - differential backup support Kamil Trzcinski, http://ayufan.eu/, firstname.lastname@example.org RESTORED: /usr/share/pve-manager/ RESTORED: /usr/share/perl5/PVE/ Restarting PVE API Proxy Server: pveproxy. Restarting PVE Daemon: pvedaemon. ```
What about UPGRADE? (READ THIS)
This is important part. If you will ever want to upgrade your Proxmox installation (by apt-get dist-upgrade or apt-get upgrade) ALWAYS revert/uninstall patches. You will still be able to apply them afterwards.
Hunks FAILED, but the patch version matches release! HELP?!
In case of any problems applying or reverting patches you can always simple revert back to stock. Simply reinstall modified packages (supported since 6.0-11):
```bash ./pve-6.0-11-diff-backup-addon reinstall ```
Then you can try to reapply patches once again. However, keep in mind that
reinstall can install a newer version of the packages. In such cases it is advised
always to do it connected with
upgrade of Proxmox.
```bash apt-get update apt-get dist-upgrade ./pve-6.0-11-diff-backup-addon reinstall ./pve-6.0-11-diff-backup-addon apply ```
This effectively ensures that patch is applied on the latest version and completely in a clean approach.
In order to remove all leftovers you have to edit /etc/pve/vzdump.cron and remove fullbackup switch from vzdump command line.
How to apply new patch version?
- Use previous patch to revert changes.
- Download new patch version and apply as described before.
The results are really astonishing! These are real word values:
```text VM full diff 1day diff 2days diff 3days diff 4days 1. 39.10GB 41MB 47MB 51MB 55MB 2. 96.84GB 1.07GB 1.38GB 1.43GB 1.68GB 3. 83.95GB 1.68GB 2.66GB 3.69GB 4.25GB 4. 9.19GB 76KB 76KB 166MB 198MB ```
You see the differences. The diff sizes strictly depends on the use of the VMs. Using differential backups I have backups from last month (full backup once a week, differential daily)
Is it stable?
Yes, it is. This extensions uses xdelta3 as differential backup tool, which proven to be well tested and stable. A number of people use it for over 6 years already :)
However, if you happen to be paranoidal about backups… You should consider running following script. The script simply tries to verify all differential backups. I recently updated the script to support new VMA archive. So now you can verify backups all supported backups.
```bash ./pve-verify-backups <backup-dir> ```
- v1: initial public release with support for PVE2.2 and PVE2.3 (2013-03-05)
- v2: improved kvm backup size and speed for PVE2.3 (2013-03-08)
- v3: added support for PVE3.0 (2013-06-02)
- v3': updated pve-verify-backups to support VMA archives (2013-06-06)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE3.1 (2013-08-24)
- v3'': updated xdelta3 to 3.0.6. More info about changes: http://xdelta.org/ (2013-08-24)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE3.2 (2014-03-15)
- v3'': added FAQ (2014-04-30)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE3.3 (2014-09-23)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE3.4 (2015-02-26)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.0 (2015-11-07)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.1 (2016-01-22)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.1-22 (2016-04-13)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.2 (2016-05-02)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE3.4-14 (2016-08-02)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.2-17 (2016-08-02)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.3 (2016-10-24)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.4 (2017-01-23)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE4.4-13 (2017-04-10)
- v3'': updated patches to support PVE5.0 (2017-07-20)
- v3''': updated patches to support PVE5.1 (2018-03-13)
- Please take a look at commit stream :)
Detailed list of changes
- repackaged from http://packages.debian.org/wheezy/xdelta3
- added support for lzop
- removed all python references
- added “fullbackup” option
- qmrestore and vzrestore:
- added support for differential backups
- added controls for maxfiles and fullbackup
Kamil Trzciński, 2013-2020