PseudoNode is a cryptocurrency full node "emulator".
To the network, PseudoNode behaves the same way as a full node by relaying transactions, blocks, addresses, etc. However, unlike a normal full node, PseudoNode does not verify data (txs & blocks) itself. Rather, PseudoNode relies on neighboring peers (with configurable confidence levels) to do the verification on PseudoNode's behalf. As a result, PseudoNode is very lightweight.
Compared to a normal full node:
- PseudoNode does not require the blockchain to be downloaded.
- PseudoNode can "sync" with the network in seconds.
- PseudoNode supports multiple cryptocurrencies that are Bitcoin derivatives.
- PseudoNode uses no disk space (sans the executable), negligible RAM, and negligible CPU time. PseudoNode also consumes less network resources (data usage/bandwidth) than a normal full node.
PseudoNode can be downloaded from here (the official release):
As of version 0.6.0, PseudoNode is a library (a.k.a. LibPseudoNode). The PseudoNode library can be used for many applications that would otherwise require a full node, but without the inconvenience of a large/slow blockchain download and sync.
To create a basic Bitcoin PseudoNode using the library, simply call the function:
struct PN *node = PN_create(NULL, NULL, NULL, 0);
pseudo_node.h file for more detail documentation about the
PseudoNode configuration. Various parameters can be controlled, such
- Which cryptocurrency PseudoNode connects to (default is Bitcoin).
- Protocol and node configuration (e.g. extra services bits).
- Configuration to intercept various networks events, such as the broadcast of a new transaction or block.
- Whether or not
PN_createassumes control of the calling thread.
The PseudoNode library supports a callbacks for various events. For example, to intercepting transactions can be achieved via the following pseudo-code:
struct PN_callbacks CALLBACKS; memset(&CALLBACKS, 0, sizeof(CALLBACKS)); CALLBACKS.tx = tx_callback; // Set transaction call-back struct PN *node = PN_create(NULL, &CALLBACKS, NULL, 0);
tx_callback will be called for each transaction broadcast on
the network. See the sample application
apps/txmon for an example of how
this can be used to build a simple transaction monitor.
In addition to the above, PseudoNode can broadcast raw transactions using using the following function call:
PN_broadcast_tx(node, tx_data, tx_len);
A reference PseudoNode is currently implemented as a command-line tool.
By default it will connect to the Bitcoin network:
You can connect to different networks using the --coin=COIN option, e.g.:
pseudonode --coin=testnet pseudonode --coin=litecoin pseudonode --coin=bitcoin-xt
The current implementation supports the following cryptocurrencies: bitcoin, testnet (bitcoin), litecoin and bitcoin XT.
To identify as a standard full node, add the
--stealth option to the command
By default, PseudoNode considers data (tx or blocks) valid if 2 other nodes also believe so. This value can be configured via the --threshold=VAL option, e.g.:
Higher values will slow the node down. Lower values make it more likely the node will relay erroneous data. The default of 2 is a good compromise.
By default PseudoNode will fetch objects (txs and blocks) only if other nodes explicitly request for them. It is possible to configure PseudoNode to fetch objects immediately via the option:
Note that enabling this option will cause PseudoNode to consume more bandwidth (on par with a normal full node).
To run PseudoNode as a background process use the --server option. Currently only works for Linux:
For Linux simply run make:
Windows can be built via Linux cross compilation and MinGW. Run the command:
make -f Makefile.windows
For MacOSX, run the command:
make -f Makefile.macosx
PseudoNode has been released under the MIT license:
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions: The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software. THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.