Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
A library for quickly providing a REST API with express or connect
JavaScript
branch: master

Version 0.1.18

latest commit a3d46a0a2f
Ben Augarten authored

README.md

build status

node-restful

Create awesome APIs using express.

Register mongoose resources and default RESTful routes are automatically made

var express = require('express'),
    restful = require('node-restful'),
    mongoose = restful.mongoose;
var app = express();

app.use(express.bodyParser());
app.use(express.query());

mongoose.connect("mongodb://localhost/resources");

var Resource = app.resource = restful.model('resource', mongoose.Schema({
    title: 'string',
    year: 'number',
  }))
  .methods(['get', 'post', 'put', 'delete']);

Resource.register(app, '/resources');

app.listen(3000);

Registers the following routes:

GET /resources
GET /resources/:id
POST /resources
PUT /resources/:id
DELETE /resources/:id

which do exactly what you think they do!

The best part is that restful.model returns a Mongoose model, so you can interact with it the same way that you're already accustomed to! (i.e. new Resource, Resource.findById, etc.)

Support

This library is currently supported through complaint driven development, so if you see something, have a feature request, open an issue and if it seems to jive with the mission of the library, I'll prioritize it.

Install

npm install node-restful

Usage

There is a good example application under examples/movies.

I will also show some features and use cases for them, how to set up routes, etc.

API

There are a few functions that are available after we register the mongoose schema. The first one we already saw.

.methods([...]) takes a list of methods that should be available on the resource. Future calls to methods will override previously set values To disallow delete operations, simply run

Resource.methods(['get', 'post', 'put'])

We can also run custom routes. We can add custom routes by calling .route(path, handler)

Resource.route('recommend', function(req, res, next) {
  res.send('I have a recommendation for you!');
});

This will set up a route at /resources/recommend, which will be called on all HTTP methods. We can also restrict the HTTP method by adding it to the path:

Resource.route('recommend.get', function(req, res, next) {
   res.send('GET a recommendation');
});
Resource.route('recommend', ['get', 'put', 'delete'], function(req, res, next) { ... });

Or do some combination of HTTP methods.

Now. Lets say we have to run arbitrary code before or after a route. Lets say we need to hash a password before a POST or PUT operation. Well, easy.

Resource.before('post', hash_password)
  .before('put', hash_password);

function hash_password(req, res, next) {
  req.body.password = hash(req.body.password);
  next();
}

Boy. That was easy. What about doing stuff after request, but before its sent back to the user? Restful stores the bundle of data to be returned in res.locals (see express docs). res.locals.status_code is the returned status code and res.locals.bundle is the bundle of data. In every before and after call, you are free to modify these are you see fit!

Resource.after('get', function(req, res, next) {
  var tmp = res.locals.bundle.title; // Lets swap the title and year fields because we're funny!
  res.locals.bundle.title = res.locals.bundle.year;
  res.locals.bundle.year = tmp;
  next(); // Don't forget to call next!
});

Resource.after('recommend', do_something); // Runs after all HTTP verbs

Now, this is all great. But up until now we've really only talked about defining list routes, those at /resources/route_name. We can also define detail routes. Those look like this

Resource.route('moreinfo', {
    detail: true,
    handler: function(req, res, next) {
        // req.params.id holds the resource's id
        res.send("I'm at /resources/:id/moreinfo!")
    }
});

I don't think this is the prettiest, and I'd be open to suggestions on how to beautify detail route definition...

And that's everything for now!

Built-in Filters

Node-restful accepts many options to manipulate the list results. These options can be added to your request either via the querystring or the POST body. They are passed into the mongoose query to filter your resultset.

Selecting the entity-properties you need

If you only need a few properties instead of the entire model, you can ask the service to only give just the properties you need:

A GET request to /users/?select=name%20email will result in:

[
    {
        "_id": "543adb9c7a0f149e3ac29438",
        "name": "user1",
        "email": "user1@test.com"
    },
    {
        "_id": "543adb9c7a0f149e3ac2943b",
        "name": "user2",
        "email": "user2@test.com"
    }
]

Limiting the number and skipping items

When implementing pagination you might want to use skip and limit filters. Both do exactly what their name says and just skip given amount of items or limit to a set amount of items.

/users/?limit=5 will give you the first 5 items
/users/?skip=5 will skip the first 5 and give you the rest
/users/?limit=5&skip=5 will skip the first 5 and then give you the second 5

Sorting the result

Getting a sorted list is as easy as adding a sort querystring parameter with the property you want to sort on. /users/?sort=name will give you a list sorted on the name property, with an ascending sort order.

Changing the sort order uses the same rules as the string notation of mongoose's sort filter. /users/?sort=-name will return the same list as before with a descending sort order.

Filtering the results

Sometimes you just want to get all people older than 18, or you are want to get all people living in a certain city. Then you would want to use filters for that. You can ask the service for equality, or values greater or less than, give it an array of values it should match to, or even a regex.

Filter Query Example Description
equal equals /users?gender=male or /users?gender__equals=male both return all male users
not equal ne /users?gender__ne=male returns all users who are not male (female and x)
greater than gt /users?age__gt=18 returns all users older than 18
greater than or equal to gte /users?age__gte=18 returns all users 18 and older (age should be a number property)
less than lt /users?age__lt=30 returns all users age 29 and younger
less than or equal to lte /users?age__lte=30 returns all users age 30 and younger
in in /users?gender__in=female,male returns all female and male users
Regex regex /users?username__regex=/^baugarten/i returns all users with a username starting with baugarten

Populating a sub-entity

When you have setup a mongoose Schema with properties referencing other entities, you can ask the service to populate them for you.

A GET request to /users/542edff9fffc55dd29d99346 will result in:

{
    "_id": "542edff9fffc55dd29d99346",
    "name": "the employee",
    "email": "employee@company.com",
    "boss": "542edff9fffc55dd29d99343",
    "__v": 0
}

A GET request to /users/542edff9fffc55dd29d99346?populate=boss will result in:

{
    "_id": "542edff9fffc55dd29d99346",
    "name": "the employee",
    "email": "employee@company.com",
    "boss": {
        "_id": "542edff9fffc55dd29d99343",
        "name": "the boss",
        "email": "boss@company.com",
        "__v": 0
    },
    "__v": 0
}

Contributing

You can view the issue list for what I'm working on, or contact me to help!

Just reach out to me

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2012 by Ben Augarten

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.