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Repository contains generalized meta transaction standard that can be added to any smart contract to allow Meta Transactions from any externally-owned (key-based) account.

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Jan 21, 2021

Generalized Meta Transaction

Repository containing a gas cost effective standard for meta transaction to be used by any contract to enable native meta transaction feature on any function. The approach support signed typed messages so that while signing the data on client side user see a human readable message instead of scary hex string.

You can see the LIVE DEMO Here(works on Kovan)

The standard is the result of initiative by metamask here https://medium.com/metamask/announcing-a-generalized-metatransaction-contest-abd4f321470b

Biconomy was selected as one of the finalist in the hackathon. Read here

How do i use this in my Smart Contracts?

  1. Inherit EIP712MetaTransaction contract
  2. Use msgSender() method where ever you were using msg.sender

How do i use this in my client code?

In order to execute meta transactions you just need to call executeMetaTransaction(address userAddress, bytes memory functionSignature, bytes32 sigR, bytes32 sigS, uint8 sigV) inherited from EIP712MetaTransaction.sol

userAddress => externally owned address of the user eg the user address in his metamask wallet

functionSignature => ABI encoding of function name with its parameter. Use web3 encodeABI method here

sigR => 32 bytes r part of the signature

sigS => 32 bytes s part of the signature

sigV => integer v part of the signature

r,s,v can be calculated using web3 getSignatureParameters utility method.

Since this standard supports EIP-712 so signature parameters should be generated using eth_signTypedData_v3 or eth_signTypedData_v4 JSON RPC method.

How to Run test cases

Setup
Rename .secret.example to .secret and add 12 word mnemonic string in the first line

NOTE: Make sure you have nodejs version > 12.0.0

  1. Hardcode the chainId() at line 28 in EIP712Base.sol to the specific network Id e.g 42 for Kovan etc.
  2. Similarly change the same networkId as above in EIP712MetaTransaction.test.js at line 146.
  3. Run npm install command to install all the dependencies
  4. Run ganache-cli in separate cmd/terminal to run ganache client
  5. At last, Run npm run test to run all the test cases.

How to get test coverage

  1. Hardcode the chainId() at line 28 in EIP712Base.sol to the specific network Id e.g 42 for Kovan etc.
  2. Similarly change the same networkId as above in EIP712MetaTransaction.test.js at line 146.
  3. Run npm install command to install all the dependencies
  4. Run ganache-cli in separate cmd/terminal to run ganache client
  5. At last, Run npm run coverage to get test coverage report

Check out example front-end code here and example solidity code here

This repository is basic implementation of Native Meta Transactions. This reposiory will be updated as per the EIP-1776 to implement native meta transactions with support of batching, transaction expiry etc

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Repository contains generalized meta transaction standard that can be added to any smart contract to allow Meta Transactions from any externally-owned (key-based) account.

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