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README.md

dazaar

Dazaar logo

Marketplace for selling and buying hypercores

npm install dazaar

Learn more about Dazaar in our intro blogpost and whitepaper.

Usage

First setup a seller

const hypercore = require('hypercore')
const pump = require('pump')
const market = require('dazaar')

const m = market('./tmp')

const feed = hypercore('./tmp/data')

feed.append('valuable')

const seller = m.sell(feed, {
  validate (remoteKey, cb) {
    console.log('this key wants our hypercore', remoteKey)
    cb(null)
  }
})

seller.ready(function (err) {
  if (err) throw err // Do proper error handling
  console.log('seller key pair fully loaded ...')

  const buyer = m.buy(seller.key)

  buyer.on('feed', function () {
    console.log('got the feed!')
    buyer.feed.get(0, function (err, data) {
      if (err) throw err // Do proper error handling
      console.log('first feed entry: ' + data)
    })
  })

  buyer.on('validate', function () {
    console.log('remote validated us')
  })

  const stream = seller.replicate()

  pump(stream, buyer.replicate(), stream, function (err) {
    console.log('replication ended', err)
  })
})

API

const market = dazaar(storage, [options])

Create a new dazaar instance. Pass a string if you want to use the default file storage or a random-access-storage compatible storage. Examples include (but not limited to):

Options include:

{
  masterKey: <32-byte-master-key>
}

If you set the master key all future key pairs, hypercore keys will be derived deterministicly from that.

const masterKey = dazaar.masterKey()

Generate a new master key.

const seller = market.sell(feed, options)

Sell a hypercore by creating a new seller.

Options include:

{
   // Predicate whether a remote key can get replicate this feed,
   // remoteKey being a Buffer to check and cb being a callback which can be
   // passed an error as the first argument, causing replication to fail, ie.
   // the buyer has not paid. The err.message will be passed back to the buyer
   // and can be used to specify a reason for the rejection
   // If you pass a info object to the callback when succesfully validating
   // the buyer, this object will be forwarded to the buyer (see the 'valid' event).
  validate (remoteKey, cb) {},
  // How often to call the above validate function in milliseconds.
  // Default is 1000ms
  validateInterval: 1000,
  // Set uniqueFeed to false to generate the same Hypercore feed for each
  // buyer. Should only be used for free Hypercores (defaults to true)
  uniqueFeed: true,
  // Set the Dazaar card you use here (minus the id) to have it be persisted
  // inside the Dazaar instance. Useful if you wanna see it later when listing buyers etc.
}

You can use random-access-corestore (rac) to manage multiple named feeds.

For more info on how to implement a validator see the "Writing your own payment validator" section

seller.buyers(cb)

Get a list of all the buyers of this feed

seller.on('ready')

Emitted when the seller is fully ready and has loaded it's keypair

seller.ready(cb)

Call cb when the seller object is fully initialised, optionally with an error. Similar to the event, but will call immediately if the event has already fired.

seller.card

The persisted Dazaar card for the seller. Updated after ready.

seller.on('buyer-validate', remoteKey)

Event when the seller receives a remoteKey, but before the the validate function is called. remoteKey a Buffer, and the same reference passed to validate.

seller.on('buyer-valid', remoteKey, info)

Emitted every time we succesfully validate a buyer.

seller.on('buyer-invalid', remoteKey, error)

Emitted when we invalidate a remote buyer.

seller.on('valid', info, stream)

Emitted when a remote buyer validates the seller. Note that this is only relevant if the seller does buyer validation.

The stream is the replication stream associated with the session. See stream.remotePublicKey to get the public key of the buyer.

seller.on('invalid', info, stream)

Emitted when a remote buyer invalidates the seller. Note that this is only relevant if the seller does buyer validation.

The stream is the replication stream associated with the session. See stream.remotePublicKey to get the public key of the buyer.

seller.discoveryKey

A hash of the sellers public key that can be used for discovery purposes, eg. peer discovery on a DHT. See the Swarm section below.

seller.key

The public key of this seller. Must be communicated to potential buyers, as this is needed in the handshake to buy the data.

seller.broadcast(type, message)

Send a custom message to all the buying peers you are connected to.

seller.send(type, message, streamOrBuyerKey)

Send a custom message to a specific buyer you are connected to.

You specify the peer by either providing the replication stream or the public key identifying the buyer.

seller.connectedBuyers

A list of all the buyers (their public keys) you are currently connected to.

seller.receive(type, onmessage)

Setup a handler to be called when a buying peer sends a message of a specific type. onmessage is called with message which is the message the remote send and stream which represents the stream it was sent on.

Use stream.remotePublicKey to get the remotes buyer key out.

seller.destroy([cb])

Destroy the seller instance. Closes the attached Hypercore and any open replication streams. Will unannounce from any attached swarm as well.

seller.on('peer-add', stream)

Emitted when a remote peer is authenticated and has been connected.

seller.on('peer-remove', stream)

Emitted when a remote peer has disconnected.

seller.peers

An array of all remote connected peers.

const buyer = market.buy(sellerKey|dazaarCard, [options])

Buy a hypercore by creating a buyer instance. It is expected that the remote seller can verify that you purchased the data through a third party some how.

If a sellerKey is used, it must be a Buffer.

Options include:

{
  // Set this to true if you do not want to download all data but only
  // the data you as for
  sparse: false
  // In case you want to optionally validate the seller before downloading
  // any data you can pass in a validate function similar to above as well.
  validate (remoteKey, cb) {},
  // How often to call the above validate function in milliseconds.
  // Default is 1000ms
  validateInterval: 1000
}

buyer.on('ready')

Emitted when the buyer is fully ready and has fully loaded it's keypair.

buyer.key

The buyer static public key. A dazaar instance uses the same public key for all .buy calls. This is the remote key the seller sees in the validate function. If you want to use multiple different identities you must have multiple dazaar instances backed by different storage.

buyer.seller

The seller public key.

buyer.discoveryKey

A hash of the seller public key that can be used to discover the seller on a network. See the Swarm section below.

buyer.on('feed', feed)

Emitted when we have a feed. If we previously successfully validated, this is triggered right away. Otherwise it is triggered after the first remote validation.

buyer.on('validated')

Emitted first time a remote seller validates us.

buyer.on('valid', info, stream)

Emitted everytime the remote seller sends us some updated info about our valid subscription.

buyer.on('invalid', err, stream)

Emitted when a remote seller invalidates us with the error they provided.

buyer.on('seller-validate', remoteKey)

Event when the buyer receives a remoteKey, but before the the validate function is called. remoteKey a Buffer, and the same reference passed to validate. Only emitted if you pass in a validate function in the constructor.

buyer.on('seller-valid', remoteKey, info)

Emitted every time we succesfully validate a buyer.

buyer.on('seller-invalid', remoteKey, error)

Emitted when we invalidate a remote buyer.

buyer.feed

The feed we bought.

buyer.broadcast(type, message)

Send a custom message to the selling peers you are connected to.

buyer.send(type, message, streamOrPublicKey)

Send a custom message to a specific selling peer you are connected to.

You specify the peer by either providing the replication stream or the public key identifying the seller.

buyer.receive(type, onmessage)

Setup a handler to be called when a selling peer sends a message of a specific type. onmessage is called with message which is the message the remote send and stream which represents the stream it was sent on.

Use stream.remotePublicKey to get the remotes buyer key out.

buyer.destroy([cb])

Destroy the buyer instance. Closes the attached Hypercore and any open replication streams. Will unannounce from any attached swarm as well.

buyer.on('peer-add', stream)

Emitted when a remote peer is authenticated and has been connected.

buyer.on('peer-remove', stream)

Emitted when a remote peer has disconnected.

buyer.peers

An array of all remote connected peers.

market.selling(callback)

Get a list of the hypercores and their corresponding sales key you are selling (since you created the market).

market.sales(feedKey, callback)

Get a list of sales you did for a specific feed. Similar to doing seller.buyers. Note that "free" feeds, ie a seller with uniqueFeed turned off will not track the sales.

const bool = market.isSeller(instance)

Helper to determine if an instance is a seller.

market.buying(callback)

Get a list of hypercores and their corresponding sales key you are buying (since you created the market).

const bool = market.isBuyer(instance)

Helper to determine if an instance is a buyer.

const { publicKey, secretKey } = market.deriveHypercoreKeyPair(id)

Derive a ED25519 keypair that can uses for a hypercore off the master key.

market.destroy([cb])

Destroy the market instance. Closes internal state needed for the buyer and sellers.

Swarm

A network swarm based on hyperswarm is included as dazaar/swarm

const swarm = require('dazaar/swarm')

swarm(buyer) // swarms the buyer
swarm(seller) // swarms the seller

const sw = swarm(buyerOrSeller, [onerror], [opts])

Create a new hyperswarm for a buyer or seller, optionally passing a onerror handling function and opts to pass to hyperswarm.

Writing your own payment validator

To write your own payment validator you need to implement the validate function that is passed to the Dazaar seller or buyer instance. This function is called every ~1s to validate whether or not the current remote buyer or seller is valid.

The validate function is called with the following signature

function validate (remotePublicKey, done) {
  // call done(null) if the public is valid
  // otherwise call done(err)
}

Basically inside the validate function you should validate against your payment processor or however you want to validate that that the session identified by your public key (i.e. seller.key) and the remote public key is currently valid.

As an example if using a blockchain that supports adding metadata to a payment then you can include the following metadata to indicate that this payment was for this session:

dazaar: <seller-public-key-in-hex> <buyer-public-key-in-hex>

Then in the validate function you'd list all payments matching the above metadata, and track when they were performed. If you add them together in relation with the their relative timestamps and substract the current pricing in terms of "stream cost per time interval", then you can calcuate whether or not their current session is paid for or if the other side needs to perform a payment.

If paid for, again you indicate that by calling validate(null) and if not validate(new Error('Needs payment')) or a similar error.

This simple system makes Dazaar flexible in regards to payments. You can choose to validate the peers any way you want. For example even a scheme like payment through Twitter posts could be enabled.

There is a series of implemented payment providers available through the [@dazaar/payment] module as well. You can read more about that here.

CLI

There is a small CLI available as well to help you buy, sell, and replicate Hypercores using the command line with a couple of payment options bundled in.

You can read more about it in the CLI repo, https://github.com/bitfinexcom/dazaar-cli

npm install -g @dazaar/cli

License

MIT

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