A reverse proxy that provides authentication with Google, Github or other provider
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api Facebook Authentication Provider Jun 23, 2016
contrib option for skipping OAuth provider SSL verification Mar 29, 2017
cookie csrf protection; always set state Mar 29, 2017
providers gofmt Mar 29, 2017
.gitignore Project Rename -> oauth2_proxy May 21, 2015
.travis.yml Release 2.2.0 Apr 24, 2017
Godeps bump golang.org/x/... and google.golang.org dependencies Mar 28, 2017
LICENSE add MIT license for google_auth_proxy Jun 9, 2014
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dist.sh dist.sh: use go build option to strip binaries Apr 24, 2017
env_options.go test/fix environment var parsing Nov 15, 2014
env_options_test.go test/fix environment var parsing Nov 15, 2014
htpasswd.go Reload authenticated-emails-file upon update May 12, 2015
htpasswd_test.go testing Dec 17, 2012
http.go Parse http address without url Apr 2, 2017
logging_handler.go improve request logging (closer to Apache Common Log) Mar 20, 2015
main.go #369: Optionally allow skipping authentication for preflight requests Apr 7, 2017
oauthproxy.go #369: Optionally allow skipping authentication for preflight requests Apr 7, 2017
oauthproxy_test.go #369: Optionally allow skipping authentication for preflight requests Apr 7, 2017
options.go #369: Optionally allow skipping authentication for preflight requests Apr 7, 2017
options_test.go Validate cookie name (#278) Jul 19, 2016
string_array.go Add config file support Nov 10, 2014
templates.go Merge pull request #199 from hundt/master Jun 20, 2016
templates_test.go Allow hiding custom login UI even if an htpasswd file is provided. Dec 9, 2014
test.sh travis: run gofmt and go vet Mar 29, 2017
validator.go Ignore spaces in authorized emails list Dec 23, 2015
validator_test.go Ignore spaces in authorized emails list Dec 23, 2015
validator_watcher_copy_test.go Fix unsupported WatchForUpdates and build tags May 30, 2015
validator_watcher_test.go Fix unsupported WatchForUpdates and build tags May 30, 2015
version.go bump to version 2.2.1-alpha for development Apr 24, 2017
watcher.go Add Azure Provider Jan 20, 2016
watcher_unsupported.go Fix validator_test hang on Solaris, Plan 9 May 31, 2015



A reverse proxy and static file server that provides authentication using Providers (Google, GitHub, and others) to validate accounts by email, domain or group.

Build Status

Sign In Page


OAuth2 Proxy Architecture


  1. Download Prebuilt Binary (current release is v2.2) or build with $ go get github.com/bitly/oauth2_proxy which will put the binary in $GOROOT/bin
  2. Select a Provider and Register an OAuth Application with a Provider
  3. Configure OAuth2 Proxy using config file, command line options, or environment variables
  4. Configure SSL or Deploy behind a SSL endpoint (example provided for Nginx)

OAuth Provider Configuration

You will need to register an OAuth application with a Provider (Google, GitHub or another provider), and configure it with Redirect URI(s) for the domain you intend to run oauth2_proxy on.

Valid providers are :

The provider can be selected using the provider configuration value.

Google Auth Provider

For Google, the registration steps are:

  1. Create a new project: https://console.developers.google.com/project
  2. Choose the new project from the top right project dropdown (only if another project is selected)
  3. In the project Dashboard center pane, choose "Enable and manage APIs"
  4. In the left Nav pane, choose "Credentials"
  5. In the center pane, choose "OAuth consent screen" tab. Fill in "Product name shown to users" and hit save.
  6. In the center pane, choose "Credentials" tab.
    • Open the "New credentials" drop down
    • Choose "OAuth client ID"
    • Choose "Web application"
    • Application name is freeform, choose something appropriate
    • Authorized JavaScript origins is your domain ex: https://internal.yourcompany.com
    • Authorized redirect URIs is the location of oath2/callback ex: https://internal.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback
    • Choose "Create"
  7. Take note of the Client ID and Client Secret

It's recommended to refresh sessions on a short interval (1h) with cookie-refresh setting which validates that the account is still authorized.

Restrict auth to specific Google groups on your domain. (optional)

  1. Create a service account: https://developers.google.com/identity/protocols/OAuth2ServiceAccount and make sure to download the json file.
  2. Make note of the Client ID for a future step.
  3. Under "APIs & Auth", choose APIs.
  4. Click on Admin SDK and then Enable API.
  5. Follow the steps on https://developers.google.com/admin-sdk/directory/v1/guides/delegation#delegate_domain-wide_authority_to_your_service_account and give the client id from step 2 the following oauth scopes:
  1. Follow the steps on https://support.google.com/a/answer/60757 to enable Admin API access.
  2. Create or choose an existing administrative email address on the Gmail domain to assign to the google-admin-email flag. This email will be impersonated by this client to make calls to the Admin SDK. See the note on the link from step 5 for the reason why.
  3. Create or choose an existing email group and set that email to the google-group flag. You can pass multiple instances of this flag with different groups and the user will be checked against all the provided groups.
  4. Lock down the permissions on the json file downloaded from step 1 so only oauth2_proxy is able to read the file and set the path to the file in the google-service-account-json flag.
  5. Restart oauth2_proxy.

Note: The user is checked against the group members list on initial authentication and every time the token is refreshed ( about once an hour ).

Azure Auth Provider

  1. Add an application to your Azure Active Directory tenant.
  2. On the App properties page provide the correct Sign-On URL ie https://internal.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback
  3. If applicable take note of your TenantID and provide it via the --azure-tenant=<YOUR TENANT ID> commandline option. Default the common tenant is used.

The Azure AD auth provider uses openid as it default scope. It uses https://graph.windows.net as a default protected resource. It call to https://graph.windows.net/me to get the email address of the user that logs in.

Facebook Auth Provider

  1. Create a new FB App from https://developers.facebook.com/
  2. Under FB Login, set your Valid OAuth redirect URIs to https://internal.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback

GitHub Auth Provider

  1. Create a new project: https://github.com/settings/developers
  2. Under Authorization callback URL enter the correct url ie https://internal.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback

The GitHub auth provider supports two additional parameters to restrict authentication to Organization or Team level access. Restricting by org and team is normally accompanied with --email-domain=*

-github-org="": restrict logins to members of this organisation
-github-team="": restrict logins to members of any of these teams, separated by a comma

If you are using GitHub enterprise, make sure you set the following to the appropriate url:

-login-url="http(s)://<enterprise github host>/login/oauth/authorize"
-redeem-url="http(s)://<enterprise github host>/login/oauth/access_token"
-validate-url="http(s)://<enterprise github host>/api/v3"

GitLab Auth Provider

Whether you are using GitLab.com or self-hosting GitLab, follow these steps to add an application

If you are using self-hosted GitLab, make sure you set the following to the appropriate URL:

-login-url="<your gitlab url>/oauth/authorize"
-redeem-url="<your gitlab url>/oauth/token"
-validate-url="<your gitlab url>/api/v3/user"

LinkedIn Auth Provider

For LinkedIn, the registration steps are:

  1. Create a new project: https://www.linkedin.com/secure/developer
  2. In the OAuth User Agreement section:
    • In default scope, select r_basicprofile and r_emailaddress.
    • In "OAuth 2.0 Redirect URLs", enter https://internal.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback
  3. Fill in the remaining required fields and Save.
  4. Take note of the Consumer Key / API Key and Consumer Secret / Secret Key

MyUSA Auth Provider

The MyUSA authentication service (GitHub)

Microsoft Azure AD Provider

For adding an application to the Microsoft Azure AD follow these steps to add an application.

Take note of your TenantId if applicable for your situation. The TenantId can be used to override the default common authorization server with a tenant specific server.

Email Authentication

To authorize by email domain use --email-domain=yourcompany.com. To authorize individual email addresses use --authenticated-emails-file=/path/to/file with one email per line. To authorize all email addresses use --email-domain=*.


oauth2_proxy can be configured via config file, command line options or environment variables.

To generate a strong cookie secret use python -c 'import os,base64; print base64.b64encode(os.urandom(16))'

Config File

An example oauth2_proxy.cfg config file is in the contrib directory. It can be used by specifying -config=/etc/oauth2_proxy.cfg

Command Line Options

Usage of oauth2_proxy:
  -approval-prompt string: OAuth approval_prompt (default "force")
  -authenticated-emails-file string: authenticate against emails via file (one per line)
  -azure-tenant string: go to a tenant-specific or common (tenant-independent) endpoint. (default "common")
  -basic-auth-password string: the password to set when passing the HTTP Basic Auth header
  -client-id string: the OAuth Client ID: ie: "123456.apps.googleusercontent.com"
  -client-secret string: the OAuth Client Secret
  -config string: path to config file
  -cookie-domain string: an optional cookie domain to force cookies to (ie: .yourcompany.com)*
  -cookie-expire duration: expire timeframe for cookie (default 168h0m0s)
  -cookie-httponly: set HttpOnly cookie flag (default true)
  -cookie-name string: the name of the cookie that the oauth_proxy creates (default "_oauth2_proxy")
  -cookie-refresh duration: refresh the cookie after this duration; 0 to disable
  -cookie-secret string: the seed string for secure cookies (optionally base64 encoded)
  -cookie-secure: set secure (HTTPS) cookie flag (default true)
  -custom-templates-dir string: path to custom html templates
  -display-htpasswd-form: display username / password login form if an htpasswd file is provided (default true)
  -email-domain value: authenticate emails with the specified domain (may be given multiple times). Use * to authenticate any email
  -footer string: custom footer string. Use "-" to disable default footer.
  -github-org string: restrict logins to members of this organisation
  -github-team string: restrict logins to members of this team
  -google-admin-email string: the google admin to impersonate for api calls
  -google-group value: restrict logins to members of this google group (may be given multiple times).
  -google-service-account-json string: the path to the service account json credentials
  -htpasswd-file string: additionally authenticate against a htpasswd file. Entries must be created with "htpasswd -s" for SHA encryption
  -http-address string: [http://]<addr>:<port> or unix://<path> to listen on for HTTP clients (default "")
  -https-address string: <addr>:<port> to listen on for HTTPS clients (default ":443")
  -login-url string: Authentication endpoint
  -pass-access-token: pass OAuth access_token to upstream via X-Forwarded-Access-Token header
  -pass-basic-auth: pass HTTP Basic Auth, X-Forwarded-User and X-Forwarded-Email information to upstream (default true)
  -pass-host-header: pass the request Host Header to upstream (default true)
  -pass-user-headers: pass X-Forwarded-User and X-Forwarded-Email information to upstream (default true)
  -profile-url string: Profile access endpoint
  -provider string: OAuth provider (default "google")
  -proxy-prefix string: the url root path that this proxy should be nested under (e.g. /<oauth2>/sign_in) (default "/oauth2")
  -redeem-url string: Token redemption endpoint
  -redirect-url string: the OAuth Redirect URL. ie: "https://internalapp.yourcompany.com/oauth2/callback"
  -request-logging: Log requests to stdout (default true)
  -resource string: The resource that is protected (Azure AD only)
  -scope string: OAuth scope specification
  -set-xauthrequest: set X-Auth-Request-User and X-Auth-Request-Email response headers (useful in Nginx auth_request mode)
  -signature-key string: GAP-Signature request signature key (algorithm:secretkey)
  -skip-auth-preflight: will skip authentication for OPTIONS requests
  -skip-auth-regex value: bypass authentication for requests path's that match (may be given multiple times)
  -skip-provider-button: will skip sign-in-page to directly reach the next step: oauth/start
  -ssl-insecure-skip-verify: skip validation of certificates presented when using HTTPS
  -tls-cert string: path to certificate file
  -tls-key string: path to private key file
  -upstream value: the http url(s) of the upstream endpoint or file:// paths for static files. Routing is based on the path
  -validate-url string: Access token validation endpoint
  -version: print version string

See below for provider specific options

Upstreams Configuration

oauth2_proxy supports having multiple upstreams, and has the option to pass requests on to HTTP(S) servers or serve static files from the file system. HTTP and HTTPS upstreams are configured by providing a URL such as for the upstream parameter, that will forward all authenticated requests to be forwarded to the upstream server. If you instead provide then it will only be requests that start with /some/path/ which are forwarded to the upstream.

Static file paths are configured as a file:// URL. file:///var/www/static/ will serve the files from that directory at http://[oauth2_proxy url]/var/www/static/, which may not be what you want. You can provide the path to where the files should be available by adding a fragment to the configured URL. The value of the fragment will then be used to specify which path the files are available at. file:///var/www/static/#/static/ will ie. make /var/www/static/ available at http://[oauth2_proxy url]/static/.

Multiple upstreams can either be configured by supplying a comma separated list to the -upstream parameter, supplying the parameter multiple times or provinding a list in the config file. When multiple upstreams are used routing to them will be based on the path they are set up with.

Environment variables

The following environment variables can be used in place of the corresponding command-line arguments:


SSL Configuration

There are two recommended configurations.

  1. Configure SSL Terminiation with OAuth2 Proxy by providing a --tls-cert=/path/to/cert.pem and --tls-key=/path/to/cert.key.

The command line to run oauth2_proxy in this configuration would look like this:

./oauth2_proxy \
   --email-domain="yourcompany.com"  \
   --upstream= \
   --tls-cert=/path/to/cert.pem \
   --tls-key=/path/to/cert.key \
   --cookie-secret=... \
   --cookie-secure=true \
   --provider=... \
   --client-id=... \
  1. Configure SSL Termination with Nginx (example config below), Amazon ELB, Google Cloud Platform Load Balancing, or ....

Because oauth2_proxy listens on by default, to listen on all interfaces (needed when using an external load balancer like Amazon ELB or Google Platform Load Balancing) use --http-address="" or --http-address="http://:4180".

Nginx will listen on port 443 and handle SSL connections while proxying to oauth2_proxy on port 4180. oauth2_proxy will then authenticate requests for an upstream application. The external endpoint for this example would be https://internal.yourcompany.com/.

An example Nginx config follows. Note the use of Strict-Transport-Security header to pin requests to SSL via HSTS:

server {
    listen 443 default ssl;
    server_name internal.yourcompany.com;
    ssl_certificate /path/to/cert.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /path/to/cert.key;
    add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=2592000;

    location / {
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Scheme $scheme;
        proxy_connect_timeout 1;
        proxy_send_timeout 30;
        proxy_read_timeout 30;

The command line to run oauth2_proxy in this configuration would look like this:

./oauth2_proxy \
   --email-domain="yourcompany.com"  \
   --upstream= \
   --cookie-secret=... \
   --cookie-secure=true \
   --provider=... \
   --client-id=... \

Endpoint Documentation

OAuth2 Proxy responds directly to the following endpoints. All other endpoints will be proxied upstream when authenticated. The /oauth2 prefix can be changed with the --proxy-prefix config variable.

  • /robots.txt - returns a 200 OK response that disallows all User-agents from all paths; see robotstxt.org for more info
  • /ping - returns an 200 OK response
  • /oauth2/sign_in - the login page, which also doubles as a sign out page (it clears cookies)
  • /oauth2/start - a URL that will redirect to start the OAuth cycle
  • /oauth2/callback - the URL used at the end of the OAuth cycle. The oauth app will be configured with this as the callback url.
  • /oauth2/auth - only returns a 202 Accepted response or a 401 Unauthorized response; for use with the Nginx auth_request directive

Request signatures

If signature_key is defined, proxied requests will be signed with the GAP-Signature header, which is a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC) of selected request information and the request body see SIGNATURE_HEADERS in oauthproxy.go.

signature_key must be of the form algorithm:secretkey, (ie: signature_key = "sha1:secret0")

For more information about HMAC request signature validation, read the following:

Logging Format

OAuth2 Proxy logs requests to stdout in a format similar to Apache Combined Log.

<REMOTE_ADDRESS> - <user@domain.com> [19/Mar/2015:17:20:19 -0400] <HOST_HEADER> GET <UPSTREAM_HOST> "/path/" HTTP/1.1 "<USER_AGENT>" <RESPONSE_CODE> <RESPONSE_BYTES> <REQUEST_DURATION>

Adding a new Provider

Follow the examples in the providers package to define a new Provider instance. Add a new case to providers.New() to allow oauth2_proxy to use the new Provider.

Configuring for use with the Nginx auth_request directive

The Nginx auth_request directive allows Nginx to authenticate requests via the oauth2_proxy's /auth endpoint, which only returns a 202 Accepted response or a 401 Unauthorized response without proxying the request through. For example:

server {
  listen 443 ssl spdy;
  server_name ...;
  include ssl/ssl.conf;

  location = /oauth2/auth {

  location /oauth2/ {
    proxy_set_header Host                    $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP               $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Scheme                $scheme;
    proxy_set_header X-Auth-Request-Redirect $request_uri;

  location /upstream/ {
    auth_request /oauth2/auth;
    error_page 401 = /oauth2/sign_in;

    # pass information via X-User and X-Email headers to backend,
    # requires running with --set-xauthrequest flag
    auth_request_set $user   $upstream_http_x_auth_request_user;
    auth_request_set $email  $upstream_http_x_auth_request_email;
    proxy_set_header X-User  $user;
    proxy_set_header X-Email $email;

    proxy_pass http://backend/;

  location / {
    auth_request /oauth2/auth;
    error_page 401 = https://example.com/oauth2/sign_in;

    root /path/to/the/site;