Packer templates for Debian
This repository contains Packer templates for creating Debian Vagrant boxes.
We no longer provide pre-built binaries for these templates.
Building the Vagrant boxes with Packer
Parallels requires that the Parallels Virtualization SDK for Mac be installed as an additional preqrequisite.
We make use of JSON files containing user variables to build specific versions of Ubuntu.
packer to use a specific user variable file via the
-var-file= command line
option. This will override the default options on the core
debian.json packer template,
which builds Debian 8 by default.
For example, to build Debian 7, use the following:
$ packer build -var-file=debian7.json debian.json
If you want to make boxes for a specific desktop virtualization platform, use the
parameter. For example, to build Debian 7 for VirtualBox:
$ packer build -only=virtualbox-iso -var-file=debian7.json debian.json
The boxcutter templates currently support the following desktop virtualization strings:
parallels-iso- Parallels desktop virtualization (Requires the Pro Edition - Desktop edition won't work)
virtualbox-iso- VirtualBox desktop virtualization
vmware-iso- VMware Fusion or VMware Workstation desktop virtualization
Building the Vagrant boxes with the box script
We've also provided a wrapper script
bin/box for ease of use, so alternatively, you can use
the following to build Debian 8 for all providers:
$ bin/box build debian8
Or if you just want to build Debian 8 for VirtualBox:
$ bin/box build debian8 virtualbox
Building the Vagrant boxes with the Makefile
A GNU Make
Makefile drives a complete basebox creation pipeline with the following stages:
build- Create basebox
assure- Verify that the basebox
*.boxfiles produced function correctly
*.boxfiles to Artifactory, Atlas or an S3 bucket
The pipeline is driven via the following targets, making it easy for you to include them in your favourite CI tool:
make build # Build all available box types make assure # Run tests against all the boxes make deliver # Upload box artifacts to a repository make clean # Clean up build detritus
Acquiring ISO Images
The ISO image are expected to be in the iso subdirectory or the user configured path. The easiest way to acquire the files is the Makefile which depends on jigdo-lite.
For a single iso: make iso/debian-7.8.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso
For all isos: make isos
The templates respect the following network proxy environment variables and forward them on to the virtual machine environment during the box creation process, should you be using a proxy:
The tests are written in Serverspec and require the
vagrant-serverspec plugin to be installed with:
vagrant plugin install vagrant-serverspec
Makefile has individual targets for each box type with the prefix
test-* should you wish to run tests individually for each box.
Similarly there are targets with the prefix
ssh-* for registering a
newly-built box with vagrant and for logging in using just one command to
do exploratory testing. For example, to do exploratory testing
on the VirtualBox training environmnet, run the following command:
make ssh-* will automatically de-register the box as well.
- Fork and clone the repo.
- Create a new branch, please don't work in your
- Add new Serverspec or Bats tests in the
test/subtree for the change you want to make. Run
make teston a relevant template to see the tests fail (like
- Fix stuff. Use
make sshto interactively test your box (like
make teston a relevant template (like
make test-virtualbox/ubuntu1404) to see if the tests pass. Repeat steps 3-5 until done.
AUTHORSto reflect any changes.
- If you have a large change in mind, it is still preferred that you split them into small commits. Good commit messages are important. The git documentatproject has some nice guidelines on writing descriptive commit messages.
- Push to your fork and submit a pull request.
- Once submitted, a full
make testrun will be performed against your change in the build farm. You will be notified if the test suite fails.
Would you like to help out more?
Parallels provided a Business Edition license of their software to run on the basebox build farm.
SmartyStreets provided basebox hosting for the box-cutter project since 2015 - thank you for your support!