Biome-BGC ecophysiological model
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Latest commit f80d386 Dec 23, 2014 @bpbond Code for Biome-BGC 4.2


The Biome-BGC ecophysiological model.

Publications using Biome-BGC include:

  • Barcza, Z., Laszló, H., Somogyi, Z., Hidy, D., Lovas, K., Churkina, G., and Horvath, L.: Estimation of the biospheric carbon dioxide balance of Hungary using the BIOME-BGC model, Idojaras, 113, 203-219, 2009.

  • Bond-Lamberty, B., Gower, S. T., and Ahl, D. E.: Improved simulation of poorly drained forests using Biome-BGC, Tree Physiol., 27, 703-715, 2007.

  • Bond-Lamberty, B., Gower, S. T., Ahl, D. E., and Thornton, P. E.: Reimplementation of the BIOME-BGC model to simulate successional change, Tree Physiol., 25, 413-424, 2005.

  • Bond-Lamberty, B., Gower, S. T., Goulden, M. L., and McMillan, A.: Simulation of boreal black spruce chronosequences: comparison to field measurements and model evaluation, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci., 111, G02014, 10.1029/2005JG000123, 2006.

  • Bond-Lamberty, B., Peckham, S. D., Gower, S. T., and Ewers, B. E.: Effects of fire on regional evapotranspiration in the central Canadian boreal forest, Global Change Biol., 15, 1242-1254, 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01776.x, 2009.

  • Bond-Lamberty, B., Wang, C., and Gower, S. T.: Spatiotemporal measurement and modeling of boreal forest soil temperatures, Agric. Forest Meteorol., 131, 27-40, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2005.04.008, 2005.

  • Brugnach, M.: Process level sensitivity analysis for complex ecological models, Ecol. Model., 187, 99-120, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.01.044, 2005.

  • Chen, H., and Tian, H.-Q.: Does a general temperature-dependent Q(10) model of soil respiration exist at biome and global scale?, Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 47, 1288-1302, 2005.

  • Churkina, G., Tenhunen, J. D., Thornton, P. E., Falge, E., Elbers, J. A., Ernhard, M., Grünwald, T., Kowalski, A. S., Rannik, Ü., and Sprinz, D.: Analyzing the ecosystem carbon dynamics of four European coniferous forests using a biogeochemistry model, Ecosystems, 6, 168-184, 10.1007/s10021-002-0197-2, 2003.

  • Churkina, G., Zaehle, S., Hughes, J., Viovy, N., Chen, Y., Jung, M., Heumann, B. W., Ramankutty, N., Rödenbeck, C., Heimann, M., and Jones, C. D.: Interactions between nitrogen deposition, land cover conversion, and climate change determine the contemporary carbon balance of Europe, Biogeosciences, 7, 2749-2764, 10.5194/bg-7-2749-2010, 2010.

  • Cienciala, E., and Tatarinov, F. A.: Application of BIOME-BGC model to managed forests. 2. Comparison with long-term observations of stand production for major tree species, Forest Ecol. Manage., 237, 252-266, 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.086, 2006.

  • Di Vittorio, A. V., Anderson, R. S., White, J. D., Miller, N. L., and Running, S. W.: Development and optimization of an Agro-BGC ecosystem model for C4 perennial grasses, Ecol. Model., 221, 2038-2053, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2010.05.013, 2010.

  • Engstrom, R., and Hope, A.: Parameter sensitvity of the Arctic Biome-BGC model for estimating evapotranspiration in the Arctic coastal plain, Arct. Antarct. Alp. Res., 43, 380-388, 10.1657/1938-4246-43.3.380, 2011.

  • Engstrom, R., Hope, A., Kwon, H., Harazono, Y., Mano, M., and Oechel, W. C.: Modeling evapotranspiration in Arctic coastal plain ecosystems using a modified BIOME-BGC model, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci., 111 (G2), art. no. G02021 (02020 pp.), 10.1029/2005JG000102, 2006.

  • Golinkoff, J.: Biome BGC version 4.2: Theoretical Framework of Biome-BGC, 2010.

  • Hibbard, K. A., Law, B. E., and Sulzman, J.: An analysis of soil respiration across northern hemisphere temperate ecosystems, Biogeochemistry, 73, 29-70, 10.1007/s10533-004-2946-0, 2005.

  • Kang, S., Kimball, J. S., and Running, S. W.: Simulating effects of fire disturbance and climate change on boreal forest productivity and evapotranspiration, Science Total Environ., 362, 85-102, 2006.

  • Kimball, J. S., Jones, L. A., Zhang, K., Heinsch, F. A., McDonald, K. C., and Oechel, W. C.: A satellite approach to estimate land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for Boreal and Arctic biomes using MODIS and AMSR-E, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 47, 569-587, 10.1109/TGRS.2008.2003248, 2009.

  • Kimball, J. S., Keyser, A. R., Running, S. W., and Saatchi, S. S.: Regional assessment of boreal forest productivity using an ecological process model and remote sensing parameter maps, Tree Physiol., 20, 761-775, 2000.

  • Kimball, J. S., White, M. A., and Running, S. W.: BIOME-BGC simulations of stand hydrological processes for BOREAS, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 102, 29043-29051, 1997.

  • Lagergren, F., Grelle, A., Lankreijer, H., Mölder, M., and Lindroth, A.: Current carbon balance of the forested area in Sweden and its sensitivity to global change as simulated by Biome-BGC, Ecosystems, 9, 894-908, 10.1007/s10021-005-0046-1 2006.

  • Law, B. E., Thornton, P. E., Irvine, J., Anthoni, P. M., and Van Tuyl, S.: Carbon storage and fluxes in Ponderosa pine forests at different developmental stages, Global Change Biol., 7, 755-777, 2001.

  • Meigs, G. W., Turner, D. P., Ritts, W. D., Zhiqiang, Y., and Law, B. E.: Landscape-scale simulation of heterogeneous fire effects on pyrogenic carbon emissions, tree mortality, and net ecosystem production, Ecosystems, 14, 758-775, 10.1007/s10021-011-9444-8, 2011.

  • Mitchell, S., Beven, K., Freer, J., and Law, B. E.: Processes influencing model-data mismatch in drought-stressed, fire-disturbed eddy flux sites, J. Geophys. Res.-Biogeosci., 116, G02008, 10.1029/2009JG001146, 2011.

  • Pietsch, S. A., Hasenauer, H., Kucera, J., and Cermák, J.: Modeling effects of hydrological changes on the carbon and nitrogen balance of oaks in floodplains, Tree Physiol., 23, 735-746, 2003.

  • Pietsch, S. A., Hasenauer, H., and Thornton, P. E.: BGC-model parameters for tree species growing in central European forests, Forest Ecol. Manage., 211, 264-295, 10.1016/j.foreco.2005.02.046, 2005.

  • Raj, R., Hamm, N. A. S., van der Tol, C., and Stein, A.: Variance-based sensitivity analysis of BIOME-BGC for gross and net primary production, Ecol. Model., 292, 26-36, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.08.012, 2014.

  • Running, S. W., and Gower, S. T.: FOREST-BGC, A general model of forest ecosystem processes for regional applications. II. Dynamic carbon allocation and nitrogen budgets, Tree Physiol., 9, 147-160, 1991.

  • Running, S. W., and Hunt, R. E.: Generalization of a forest ecosystem process model for other biomes, BIOME-BGC, and an application for global-scale models, in: Scaling Physiologic Processes: Leaf to Globe, edited by: Ehleringer, J. R., and Field, C. B., Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 141-158, 1993.

  • Tatarinov, F. A., and Cienciala, E.: Application of BIOME-BGC model to managed forests. 1. Sensitivity analysis, Forest Ecol. Manage., 237, 267-279, 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.09.085, 2006.

  • Tatarinov, F. A., and Cienciala, E.: Long-term simulation of the effect of climate changes on the growth of main Central-European forest tree species, Ecol. Model., 220, 3081-3088, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.01.029, 2009.

  • Thornton, P. E., Law, B. E., Gholz, H. L., Clark, K. L., Falge, E., Ellsworth, D. S., Goldstein, A. H., Monson, R. K., Hollinger, D. Y., Falk, M., Chen, J., and Sparks, J. P.: Modeling and measuring the effects of disturbance history and climate on carbon and water budgets in evergreen needleleaf forests, Agric. Forest Meteorol., 113, 185-222, 10.1016/S0168-1923(02)00108-9, 2002.

  • Thornton, P. E., and Rosenbloom, N. A.: Ecosystem model spin-up: estimating steady state conditions in a coupled terrestrial carbon and nitrogen cycle model, Ecol. Model., 189, 25-48, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.04.008, 2005.

  • Tupek, B., Zanchi, G., Verkerk, P. J., Churkina, G., Viovy, N., Hughes, J. K., and Lindner, M.: A comparison of alternative modelling approaches to evaluate the European forest carbon fluxes, Forest Ecol. Manage., 260, 241-251, 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.01.045, 2010.

  • Turner, D. P.: Scaling net ecosystem production and net biome production over a heterogeneous region in the western United States, Biogeosciences, 4, 597-612, 2007.

  • Turner, D. P., Ritts, W. D., Cohen, W. B., Gower, S. T., Running, S. W., Zhao, M., Costa, M. H., Kirschbaum, A. A., Ham, J. M., Saleska, S. R., and Ahl, D. E.: Evaluation of MODIS NPP and GPP products across multiple biomes, Remote Sens. Environ., 102, 282-292, 10.1016/j.rse.2006.02.017, 2006.

  • Ueyama, M., Harazono, Y., Kim, Y., and Tanaka, N.: Response of the carbon cycle in sub-arctic black spruce forests to climate change: Reduction of a carbon sink related to the sensitivity of heterotrophic respiration, Agric. Forest Meteorol., 149, 582-602, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2008.10.011, 2009.

  • Ueyama, M., Ichii, K., Hirata, R., Takagi, K., Asanuma, J., Machimura, T., Nakai, Y., Ohta, Y., Saigusa, N., Takahashi, Y., and Hirano, T.: Simulating carbon and water cycles of larch forests in East Asia by the BIOME-BGC model with AsiaFlux data, Biogeosciences, 7, 959-977, 2010.

  • Wang, Q., Masataka, W., and Zhu, O.: Simulation of water and carbon fluxes using BIOME-BGC model over crops in China Agric. Forest Meteorol., 131, 209-224, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2005.06.002, 2005.

  • Wang, W., Dungan, J., Hashimoto, H., Michaelis, A. R., Milesi, C., Ichii, K., and Nemani, R. R.: Diagnosing and assessing uncertainties of terrestrial ecosystem models in a multimodel ensemble experiment: 1. Primary production, Global Change Biol., 17, 1350-1366, 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02309.x, 2011.

  • Wang, W., Dungan, J., Hashimoto, H., Michaelis, A. R., Milesi, C., Ichii, K., and Nemani, R. R.: Diagnosing and assessing uncertainties of terrestrial ecosystem models in a multimodel ensemble experiment: 2. Carbon balance, Global Change Biol., 17, 1367-1378, 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02315.x, 2011.

  • Wang, W., Ichii, K., Hashimoto, H., Michaelis, A. R., Thornton, P. E., Law, B. E., and Nemani, R. R.: A hierarchical analysis of terrestrial ecosystem model Biome-BGC: Equilibrium analysis and model calibration, Ecol. Model., 220, 2009-2023, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.04.051 2009.

  • Warren, J. M., Pötzelsberger, E., Wullschleger, S. D., Thornton, P. E., Hasenauer, H., and Norby, R. J.: Ecohydrologic impact of reduced stomatal conductance in forests exposed to elevated CO2, Ecohydrology, 4, 196-210, 10.1002/eco.173, 2011.

  • White, M. A., Thornton, P. E., Running, S. W., and Nemani, R. R.: Parameterization and sensitivity analysis of the BIOME-BGC terrestrial ecosystem model: net primary production controls, Earth Interact., 4, paper no. 3, 1-85, 2000.