Date and time library for PHP
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README.md

Brick\DateTime

A powerful set of immutable classes to work with dates and times.

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Introduction

This library builds an extensive API on top of the native PHP date-time classes, and adds missing concepts such as LocalDate, LocalTime, YearMonth, MonthDay, etc. It adds a nanosecond precision to times, usually limited to a 1 second precision.

The classes follow the ISO 8601 standard for representing date and time concepts.

This component follows an important part of the JSR 310 (Date and Time API) specification from Java. Don't expect an exact match of class and method names though, as a number of differences exist for technical or practical reasons.

All the classes are immutable, they can be safely passed around without being affected.

Installation

This library is installable via Composer. Just define the following requirement in your composer.json file:

{
    "require": {
        "brick/date-time": "0.1.*"
    }
}

Requirements

This library requires PHP 7.1 or later.

HHVM support

HHVM support is in the works, we are waiting for the HHVM team to fix these bugs:

Project status & release process

While this library is still under development, it is well tested and should be stable enough to use in production environments.

The current releases are numbered 0.x.y. When a non-breaking change is introduced (adding new methods, optimizing existing code, etc.), y is incremented.

When a breaking change is introduced, a new 0.x version cycle is always started.

It is therefore safe to lock your project to a given release cycle, such as 0.1.*.

If you need to upgrade to a newer release cycle, check the release history for a list of changes introduced by each further 0.x.0 version.

Overview

Main classes

The following classes represent the date-time concepts:

  • DayOfWeek: a day-of-week such as Monday
  • Duration: a duration measured in seconds and nanoseconds
  • Instant: a point in time, with a nanosecond precision
  • Interval: a period of time between two instants
  • LocalDate: an isolated date such as 2014-08-31
  • LocalDateRange: an inclusive range of local dates, such as 2014-01-01/2014-12-31
  • LocalDateTime: a date-time without a time-zone, such as 2014-08-31T10:15:30
  • LocalTime: an isolated time such as 10:15:30
  • Month: a month-of-year such as January
  • MonthDay: a combination of a month and a day, without a year, such as --12-31
  • Period: a date-based amount of time, such as '2 years, 3 months and 4 days'
  • TimeZoneOffset: an offset-based time-zone, such as +01:00
  • TimeZoneRegion: a region-based time-zone, such as Europe/London
  • Year: a year in the proleptic calendar
  • YearMonth: a combination of a year and a month, such as 2014-08
  • ZonedDateTime: a date-time with a time-zone, such as 2014-08-31T10:15:30+01:00. This class is conceptually equivalent to the native DateTime class

These classes belong to the Brick\DateTime namespace.

Clocks

All objects read the current time from a Clock implementation. The following implementations are available:

  • SystemClock returns the system time; it's the default clock
  • FixedClock: returns a pre-configured time
  • OffsetClock: adds an offset to another clock
  • ScaleClock: makes another clock fast forward by a scale factor

These classes belong to the Brick\DateTime\Clock namespace.

In your application, you will most likely never touch the defaults, and always use the default clock:

use Brick\DateTime\LocalDate;
use Brick\DateTime\TimeZone;

echo LocalDate::now(TimeZone::utc()); // 2017-10-04

In your tests however, you might need to set the current time to test your application in known conditions. To do this, you can either explicitly pass a Clock instance to now() methods:

use Brick\DateTime\Clock\FixedClock;
use Brick\DateTime\Instant;
use Brick\DateTime\LocalDate;
use Brick\DateTime\TimeZone;

$clock = new FixedClock(Instant::of(1000000000));
echo LocalDate::now(TimeZone::utc(), $clock); // 2001-09-09

Or you can change the default clock for all date-time classes. All methods such as now(), unless provided with an explicit Clock, will use the default clock you provide:

use Brick\DateTime\Clock\FixedClock;
use Brick\DateTime\DefaultClock;
use Brick\DateTime\Instant;
use Brick\DateTime\LocalDate;
use Brick\DateTime\TimeZone;

DefaultClock::set(new FixedClock(Instant::of(1000000000)));
echo LocalDate::now(TimeZone::utc()); // 2001-09-09

DefaultClock::reset(); // do not forget to reset the clock to the system clock!

There are also useful shortcut methods to use clocks in your tests, inspired by timecop:

  • freeze() freezes time to a specific point in time
  • travel() travels to a specific point in time, but allows time to continue moving forward from there
  • scale() makes time move at a given pace

Freeze the time to a specific point

use Brick\DateTime\DefaultClock;
use Brick\DateTime\Instant;

DefaultClock::freeze(Instant::of(2000000000));

$a = Instant::now(); sleep(1);
$b = Instant::now();

echo $a, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:33:20Z
echo $b, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:33:20Z

DefaultClock::reset();

Travel to a specific point in time

use Brick\DateTime\DefaultClock;
use Brick\DateTime\Instant;

DefaultClock::travel(Instant::of(2000000000));
$a = Instant::now(); sleep(1);
$b = Instant::now();

echo $a, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:33:20.000342Z
echo $b, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:33:21.000606Z

DefaultClock::reset();

Make time move at a given pace

use Brick\DateTime\DefaultClock;
use Brick\DateTime\Instant;

DefaultClock::travel(Instant::of(2000000000));
DefaultClock::scale(60); // 1 second becomes 60 seconds

$a = Instant::now(); sleep(1);
$b = Instant::now();

echo $a, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:33:20.00188Z
echo $b, PHP_EOL; // 2033-05-18T03:34:20.06632Z

DefaultClock::reset();

As you can see, you can even combine travel() and scale() methods.

Be very careful to reset() the DefaultClock after each of your tests! If you're using PHPUnit, a good place to do this is in the tearDown() method.

Exceptions

The following exceptions can be thrown:

  • Brick\DateTime\DateTimeException when an illegal operation is performed
  • Brick\DateTime\Parser\DateTimeParseException when parse()ing an invalid string representation