Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Replacing delegates in iOS with blocks.
Objective-C
branch: master

README.md

protocolblocks

Replacing delegates in iOS with blocks.

Motivation

With iOS 4, Apple introduced blocks (also known as closures) to Objective-C and iOS.

Unfortunately, this leads to some confusion, because newer callbacks are implemented as blocks, while older ones are implemented with delegates.

This projects aims to backport blocks for all old delegates of iOS.

Features

  • Easiest usage: only one file to import and one line per object to activate block programming support.
  • No learning curve: thanks to XCode's autocompletion, you don't have to remember block syntax
  • Standard naming: block names are equivalent to protocol method names

Implementation Status

Currently, blocks have been backported for the following delegates:

  • EventKitUI
    • EKEventEditViewController delegate
    • EKEventViewController delegate
  • iAd
    • ADBannerView delegate
    • ADInterstitialAd delegate
  • MessageUI
    • MFMailComposeViewController delegate
    • MFMessageComposeViewController delegate
  • UIKit
    • UIAccelerometer delegate
    • UIActionSheet delegate
    • UIAlertView delegate
    • UIDocumentInteractionController delegate
    • UIGestureRecognizer delegate
    • UIImagePickerController delegate
    • UINavigationBar delegate
    • UINavigationController delegate
    • UIPickerView dataSource
    • UIPickerView delegate
    • UIPopoverController delegate
    • UIPrintInteractionController delegate
    • UIScrollView delegate
    • UISearchBar delegate
    • UISearchDisplayController delegate
    • UISplitViewController delegate
    • UITabBarController delegate
    • UITabBar delegate
    • UITableView dataSource
    • UITableView delegate
    • UITextField delegate
    • UITextView delegate
    • UIVideoEditorController delegate
    • UIWebView delegate

Usage Example

1. Import the header

#import "UIKit+Blocks.h"

2. Initialize your object as usual

UIActionSheet* actionSheet = [[UIActionSheet alloc]
                               initWithTitle:@"Title"
                               delegate:nil // no need for self or similar
                               cancelButtonTitle:@"Cancel"
                               destructiveButtonTitle:@"Destruct"
                               otherButtonTitles:nil];

3. Enable blocks instead of providing a delegate

[actionSheet useBlocksForDelegate];

The automatically created delegate object is autoreleased thanks to Objective-C's Associate Reference magic.

4. Implement delegate methods with blocks

[actionSheet onCancel:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet) {
    // your code here
}];
[actionSheet onClickedButtonAtIndex:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet, NSInteger buttonIndex) {
    // your code here
}];
[actionSheet onDidDismissWithButtonIndex:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet, NSInteger buttonIndex) {
    // your code here
}];
[actionSheet onDidPresentActionSheet:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet) {
    // your code here
}];
[actionSheet onWillDismissWithButtonIndex:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet, NSInteger buttonIndex) {
    // your code here
}];
[actionSheet onWillPresentActionSheet:^(UIActionSheet *actionSheet) {
    // your code here
}];

Related Work

in chronological order:

Contribution Process

This project uses the C4.1 process for all code changes.

"Everyone, without distinction or discrimination, SHALL have an equal right to become a Contributor under the terms of this contract."

tl;dr

  1. Check for open issues or open a new issue to start a discussion around a feature idea or a bug
  2. Fork the protocolblocks repository on Github to start making your changes
  3. Write a test which shows that the bug was fixed or that the feature works as expected
  4. Send a pull request
  5. Your pull request is merged and you are added to the list of contributors

License

This project is licensed under the MIT License:

Copyright (C) 2011-2015 Constantin Rack

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
THE SOFTWARE.
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.