R wrapper for Spotify's Web API
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README.md

spotifyr

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Overview

spotifyr is a wrapper for pulling track audio features and other information from Spotify’s Web API in bulk. By automatically batching API requests, it allows you to enter an artist’s name and retrieve their entire discography in seconds, along with Spotify’s audio features and track/album popularity metrics. You can also pull song and playlist information for a given Spotify User (including yourself!).

Installation

Development version (recommended)

devtools::install_github('charlie86/spotifyr')

The development version now includes functions from the geniusR package from Josiah Parry.

CRAN version 1.0.0 (Note: this is somewhat outdated, as it takes extra time to submit and pass CRAN checks)

install.packages('spotifyr')

Authentication

First, set up a Dev account with Spotify to access their Web API here. This will give you your Client ID and Client Secret. Once you have those, you can pull your access token into R with get_spotify_access_token().

The easiest way to authenticate is to set your credentials to the System Environment variables SPOTIFY_CLIENT_ID and SPOTIFY_CLIENT_SECRET. The default arguments to get_spotify_access_token() (and all other functions in this package) will refer to those. Alternatively, you can set them manually and make sure to explicitly refer to your access token in each subsequent function call.

Sys.setenv(SPOTIFY_CLIENT_ID = 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx')
Sys.setenv(SPOTIFY_CLIENT_SECRET = 'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx')

access_token <- get_spotify_access_token()

Usage

What was The Beatles’ favorite key?

library(spotifyr)
beatles <- get_artist_audio_features('the beatles')
library(tidyverse)
library(knitr)

beatles %>% 
    count(key_mode, sort = TRUE) %>% 
    head(5) %>% 
    kable()
key_mode n
G major 92
D major 89
C major 81
E major 77
A major 72

Get your most recently played tracks

get_my_recently_played(limit = 5) %>% 
    select(track_name, artist_name, album_name, played_at_utc) %>% 
    kable()
track_name artist_name album_name played_at_utc
Call Me Blondie Call Me 2019-02-17 17:21:00
Biggest Part Of Me (45 Version) Ambrosia Biggest Part Of Me / Livin’ On My Own [Digital 45] 2019-02-17 02:15:22
Let’s Dance - Single Version [Remastered] David Bowie Legacy 2019-02-17 02:12:27
Everywhere - 2017 Remaster Fleetwood Mac Tango In the Night (Deluxe) 2019-02-17 02:11:11
Heart Of Glass - Special Mix Blondie Greatest Hits 2019-02-17 02:07:19

Find your all time favorite artists

get_my_top_artists(time_range = 'long_term', limit = 5) %>% 
    select(artist_name, artist_genres) %>% 
    rowwise %>% 
    mutate(artist_genres = paste(artist_genres, collapse = ', ')) %>% 
    ungroup %>% 
    kable()
artist_name artist_genres
Radiohead alternative rock, art rock, melancholia, modern rock, permanent wave, rock
Onra alternative hip hop, chillhop, trip hop, wonky
Flying Lotus alternative hip hop, chillwave, electronic, escape room, glitch, glitch hop, hip hop, indietronica, intelligent dance music, wonky
Teebs abstract beats, bass music, chillwave, wonky
Aphex Twin ambient, electronic, fourth world, intelligent dance music, trip hop

Find your favorite tracks at the moment

get_my_top_tracks(time_range = 'short_term', limit = 5) %>% 
    select(track_name, artist_name, album_name) %>% 
    kable()
track_name artist_name album_name
Spanish Pipedream John Prine John Prine
Illegal Smile John Prine John Prine
Your Flag Decal Won’t Get You Into Heaven Anymore John Prine John Prine
Holocene Bon Iver Bon Iver
Pretty Good John Prine John Prine

What’s the most joyful Joy Division song?

My favorite audio feature has to be “valence,” a measure of musical positivity.

joy <- get_artist_audio_features('joy division')
joy %>% 
    arrange(-valence) %>% 
    select(track_name, valence) %>% 
    head(5) %>% 
    kable()
track_name valence
Passover - 2007 Remaster 0.941
Colony - 2007 Remaster 0.808
Atrocity Exhibition - 2007 Remaster 0.787
A Means to an End - 2007 Remaster 0.752
Interzone - 2007 Remastered Version 0.746

Now if only there was some way to plot joy…

Joyplot of the emotional rollercoasters that are Joy Division’s albums

library(ggjoy)
#> Loading required package: ggridges
#> 
#> Attaching package: 'ggridges'
#> The following object is masked from 'package:ggplot2':
#> 
#>     scale_discrete_manual
#> The ggjoy package has been deprecated. Please switch over to the
#> ggridges package, which provides the same functionality. Porting
#> guidelines can be found here:
#> https://github.com/clauswilke/ggjoy/blob/master/README.md

ggplot(joy, aes(x = valence, y = album_name)) + 
    geom_joy() + 
    theme_joy() +
    ggtitle("Joyplot of Joy Division's joy distributions", subtitle = "Based on valence pulled from Spotify's Web API with spotifyr")
#> Picking joint bandwidth of 0.106

Parallelization

get_artist_audio_features(), get_artist_albums(), get_album_tracks(), get_playlist_tracks(), and get_user_playlists() can run in parallel using the furrr package. To enable this feature, set parallelize = TRUE. You can also adjust the evaluation strategy by setting future_plan, which accepts a string matching one of the strategies implemented in future::plan() (defaults to "multiprocess").

Sentify: A Shiny app

This app, powered by spotifyr, allows you to visualize the energy and valence (musical positivity) of all of Spotify’s artists and playlists.

Dope stuff other people have done with spotifyr

The coolest thing about making this package has definitely been seeing all the awesome stuff other people have done with it. Here are a few examples:

Exploring the Spotify API with R: A tutorial for beginners, by a beginner, Mia Smith

Sentiment analysis of musical taste: a cross-European comparison, Paul Elvers

Blue Christmas: A data-driven search for the most depressing Christmas song, Caitlin Hudon

KendRick LamaR, David K. Laing

Vilken är Kents mest deprimerande låt? (What is Kent’s most depressing song?), Filip Wästberg

Чёрное зеркало Arcade Fire (Black Mirror Arcade Fire), TheSociety

Sente-se triste quando ouve “Amar pelos dois”? Não é o único (Do you feel sad when you hear “Love for both?” You’re not alone), Rui Barros, Rádio Renascença

Using Data to Find the Angriest Death Grips Song, Evan Oppenheimer

Hierarchical clustering of David Bowie records, Alyssa Goldberg

tayloR, Simran Vatsa

Long Distance Calling: Data Science meets Post-Rock…, Sebastian Kuhn