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import re
from rpython.rlib.objectmodel import compute_hash, specialize, always_inline
from rpython.rlib import jit, rgc
import space, weakref
class Object:
_immutable_fields_ = ['interface', 'custom_interface', 'flag', 'number', 'value', 'contents', 'data', 'string', 'iterator', 'arity', 'methods', 'default', 'cells']
__slots__ = []
__attrs__ = []
# The metaclass here takes care every object will get an interface.
# So programmer doesn't need to do that.
class __metaclass__(type):
def __init__(cls, name, bases, dict):
if name not in ('Object', 'Interface', 'Null') and 'interface' not in dict:
cls.interface = Interface(
parent = cls.__bases__[0].interface,
name = re.sub("(.)([A-Z]+)", r"\1_\2", name).lower().decode('utf-8'),
methods = {})
if re.match("^L[A-Z]", name): = name[1:].decode('utf-8')
if name not in ('BoundMethod', 'Builtin'):
expose_internal_methods(cls.interface, dict)
def call(self, argv):
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"cannot call " + self.repr()))
def getitem(self, index):
raise space.unwind(space.LKeyError(self, index))
def setitem(self, index, value):
raise space.unwind(space.LKeyError(self, index))
def iter(self):
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"cannot iterate " + self.repr()))
def listattr(self):
listing = []
for name in self.__class__.interface.methods.keys():
return listing
def getattr(self, index):
method = self.__class__.interface.lookup_method(index)
if method is not None:
return BoundMethod(self, index, method)
raise space.unwind(space.LAttributeError(self, index))
def setattr(self, index, value):
raise space.unwind(space.LAttributeError(self, index))
def callattr(self, name, argv):
return self.getattr(name).call(argv)
def getattr_or(self, index, default):
return self.getattr(index)
except space.Unwinder as w:
if isinstance(w.exception, space.LAttributeError):
return default
def contains(self, obj):
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"%s cannot contain" % self.repr()))
def repr(self):
return u"<%s>" % space.get_interface(self).name
def hash(self):
return compute_hash(self)
def eq(self, other):
return self is other
def instantiator(cls, fn):
def _instantiate_b_(interface, argv):
return fn(argv)
cls.interface.instantiate = _instantiate_b_
register_instantiator(cls.interface, fn)
return fn
def instantiator2(cls, decorator):
def _decorator_(fn):
fn = decorator(fn)
def _instantiate_wrapper_(interface, argv):
return fn(argv)
cls.interface.instantiate = _instantiate_wrapper_
register_instantiator(cls.interface, fn)
return fn
return _decorator_
def builtin_method(cls, fn):
from builtin import Builtin
builtin = Builtin(fn)
cls.interface.methods[] = builtin
def method(cls, name, decorator):
def _decarotar_(fn):
from builtin import Builtin
builtin = Builtin(decorator(fn), name)
cls.interface.methods[] = builtin
return fn
return _decarotar_
class Interface(Object):
_immutable_fields_ = ['instantiate?', 'methods', 'parent']
# Should add possibility to freeze the interface?
def __init__(self, parent, name, methods, instantiate=None):
assert isinstance(name, unicode)
self.parent = parent = name
self.instantiate = instantiate
self.methods = methods
self.doc = None
self.multimethods = {} # Describes which multimethods are defined for
# this interface. The record is described in the
# runtime/space/
self.multimethod_index = {}
self.weakref = WeakInterface(self)
def call(self, argv):
if self.instantiate is None:
if == u'null':
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"cannot call null"))
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"cannot instantiate " +
return self.instantiate(self, argv)
def repr(self):
def getattr(self, name):
if name == u"doc":
return null if self.doc is None else self.doc
method = self.lookup_method(name)
if method is not None:
return method
method = self.__class__.interface.lookup_method(name)
if method is not None:
return BoundMethod(self, name, method)
return Object.getattr(self, name)
def lookup_method(self, name):
this = self
method = this.methods.get(name, None)
while method is None and (this.parent not in (null, Interface.interface)):
this = this.parent
method = this.methods.get(name, None)
return method
def setattr(self, name, value):
if name == u"doc":
self.doc = value
return null
return Object.setattr(self, name, value)
def listattr(self):
listing = []
for methodname in self.methods.keys():
return listing
class WeakInterface(object):
def __init__(self, interface):
self.weakref = weakref.ref(interface)
Interface.interface = Interface(None, u"interface", {})
Interface.interface.parent = Interface.interface
# TODO: explain myself, why parent of an interface is an interface?
# ... I forgot.. that happens.
# This approach ensures that we have Null.__class__.interface that points to Null.
# It allows the null to behave like an interface, except that null is its own interface.
class Null(Interface):
pass # The class was a late addition.. Apparently the behavior relied on a bug
# that was fixed somewhere on the way in the PyPy.
null = Null(None, u"null", {})
null.parent = null
Null.interface = null
Object.interface = Interface(null, u"object", {})
class BoundMethod(Object):
_immutable_fields_ = ['obj', 'name', 'methodfn']
def __init__(self, obj, name, methodfn):
self.obj = obj = name
self.methodfn = methodfn
def call(self, argv):
return[self.obj] + argv)
def getattr(self, name):
return self.methodfn.getattr(name)
def setattr(self, name, value):
return self.methodfn.setattr(name, value)
def listattr(self):
return self.methodfn.listattr()
def repr(self):
return u"%s.%s" % (self.obj.repr(),
# Notice that cast != instantiation.
# The distinction is very important.
cast_methods = {}
def cast_for(cls):
def _cast_decorator_(x):
cast_methods[cls] = x
return x
return _cast_decorator_
# Cast didn't appear to handle well as a class method, so I made this
# convenient table construct that uses default handling when conversion
# is not available.
# User objects will not have access to implement this method of casting.
# Userspace casting will be treated as separate problem.
# TODO: frame entry association could be "cool" here. So you would know
# where a cast attempt failed.
@specialize.arg(1, 2)
def cast(x, cls, info=u"something"):
if isinstance(x, cls): # This here means that cast won't change object
return x # if it is already correct type.
fn = cast_methods[cls]
except KeyError as _:
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"expected %s is %s, got %s" % (
info,, x.repr())))
res = fn(x)
if isinstance(res, cls):
return res
# TODO: Consider alternative ways to say it. :)
raise space.unwind(space.LTypeError(u"implicit conversion of %s at %s into %s returned %s" % (
x.repr(), info,, res.repr())))
# Variation of cast that accepts a null value and translates it to None.
@specialize.arg(1, 2)
def cast_n(x, cls, info=u"something"):
if x is null:
return None
return cast(x, cls, info)
# Yes, this is a hacky hack.
import builtin
def expose_internal_methods(interface, methods):
for name in methods:
if name in internal_methods:
interface.methods[u"+" + name.decode('utf-8')] = builtin.Builtin(
internal_methods = {
u"call": (0, 0, True, ['argv'], None),
u"getitem": (0, 0, False, ['index'], None),
u"setitem": (0, 0, False, ['index', 'value'], None),
u"iter": (0, 0, False, [], None),
#u"listattr": (0, 0, False, []), # TODO: figure out what to do with these.
#u"getattr": (0, 0, False, ['name'], None), # these all are usually
#u"setattr": (0, 0, False, ['name', 'value'], None), # overloaded to handle attributes.
u"contains": (0, 0, False, ['value'], None),
u"repr": (0, 0, False, [], None),
u"hash": (0, 0, False, [], None),
def register_instantiator(interface, fn):
# You should not be able to call the true instantiator of an object.
# But calling a fake shouldn't harm either.
interface.methods[u"+init"] = builtin.Builtin(
(lambda argv: None),
# Internal methods help at documenting the system.
# TODO: rethink about lifting this eventually?
def hate_them(argv):
raise space.unwind(space.LError(u"hate them"))
#expose_internal_methods(Object) # if I do this,
# every method will have internal_methods
# Besides, Object methods are placeholders.
# I doubt we miss these.
# When your good names are your best.
def Interface_init_is_cast(obj):
return space.get_interface(obj)
# Only active with the user-defined interfaces that may be 'lost'.
@Interface.method(u"+finalize", builtin.signature(Interface))
def Interface_finalize(self):
for record in self.multimethods:
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