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Object Relational Mapper for Elixir
Elixir
Latest commit e01cefa Aug 18, 2014 @chrismccord Merge pull request #19 from eitoball/use_0_15_1_for_travis_bulid
Use Elixir 0.15.1 for Travis CI bulids

README.md

Atlas

Atlas is an Object Relational Mapper for Elixir. (Work in progress. Expect breaking changes)

Build Status

Current Features

  • Postgres Adapter
  • Validations
  • Persistence
  • Schema definitions
  • Model query builder
  • Auto-generated 'accessor' functions for each field definition

Roadmap

  • Extend query builder to support joins
  • Add model relationships, ie belongs_to, has_many, has_many through:
  • Additional SQL adapters
  • Schema migrations

Example Usage:

defmodule User do
  use Atlas.Model

  @table :users
  @primary_key :id

  field :id, :integer
  field :email, :string
  field :is_site_admin, :boolean
  field :archived, :boolean
  field :state, :string

  validates_numericality_of :id
  validates_presence_of :email
  validates_length_of :email, within: 5..255
  validates_format_of :email, with: %r/.*@.*/, message: "Email must be valid"
  validates :lives_in_ohio


  def lives_in_ohio(record) do
    unless record.state == "OH", do: {:state, "You must live in Ohio"}
  end

  def admins do
    where(archived: false) |> where(is_site_admin: true)
  end

  def admin_with_email(email) do
    admins |> where(email: email)
  end
end

iex> admin = Repo.first User.admin_with_email("foo@bar.com")
%User{id: 5, email: "foo@bar.com", archived: false, is_site_admin: true...}

Query Builder

Examples

iex> User.where(email: "user@example.com")
     |> User.where("state IS NOT NULL")
     |> User.order(update_at: :asc)
     |> Repo.all

[%User{id: 5, archived: true, is_site_admin: false...}, %User{id: 5, archived: true, is_site_admin: false...}]

iex> user =  User.where(email: "user@example.com") |> Repo.first
%User{id: 5, archived: false, is_site_admin: false...}
iex> user.email
user@example.com

iex> User.where(archived: true)
     |> User.order(updated_at: :desc)
     |> Repo.first

%User{id: 5, archived: true, is_site_admin: false...}

Queries are composable

defmodule UserSearch do
  import User

  def perform(options) do
    is_admin = Keyword.get options, :is_site_admin, false
    email    = Keyword.get options, :email, nil
    scope    = User.scoped

    scope = scope |> where(is_site_admin: is_admin)
    if email, do: scope = scope |> where(email: email)

    scope |> Repo.all
  end
end

iex> UserSearch.perform(is_site_admin: true, email: "user@example.com")
[%User{email: "user@example.com"}]

Persistence

Atlas uses the Repository pattern to decouple persistence from behavior, as well as allow multiple database connections to different repositories for a robust and flexible persistence layer. When creating/updating/destroying data, a list of behaviors must be included to run validation callbacks against for the Repo to proceed or halt with requested actions via the as: option.

Examples

defmodule User do
  use Atlas.Model

  @table :users
  @primary_key :id

  field :age,  :integer
  field :name, :string

  validates_numericality_of :age, within: 1..150
  validates_presence_of :name
end

defmodule Manager do
  use Atlas.Validator

  validates_numericality_of :age, greater_than_or_equal: 21, message: "managers must be at least 21"
end
iex> Repo.create(User, [age: 12, name: "Dilbert"], as: User)
{:ok, %User{age: 12...}}

iex> user = Repo.first(User)
iex> Repo.update(user, [age: 18], as: [User, Manager])
{:error, %User{age: 18...}, ["managers must be at least 21"]}

iex> Repo.create(User, [age: 0, name: "Chris"], as: User)
{:error, %User{age: 0..}, ["age must be between 1 and 150"]}

Accessors

Accessors for assigning and retrieving model attributes are automatically defined from the shema field definitions.

By default, Accessors are simply pass-throughs to the raw record setter and getter values; however, accessors can be overriden by the module for extended behavior and transformations before writing to, or after reading from the database. assign functions transform attributes when creating a new Struct via Model.new and before running model callbacks such as validations.

Example attribute assignment:

defmodule User do
  use Atlas.Model
  field :email, :string
  field :name,  :string

  def assign(user, :email, value), do: user.update(email: String.downcase(value))
end

iex> User.assign(user, :email, "USER@example.com")
User[email: "user@example.com"]

iex> User.new(email, "USER@example.com")
User[email: "user@example.com"]

Example attribute retrieval:

defmodule User do
  use Atlas.Model
  field :email, :string
  field :name,  :string

  def email(user), do: user.email |> String.upcase
end

iex> user = User.new(email: "chris@example.com")
iex> User.email(user)
CHRIS@EXAMPLE.COM

Auto-generated finders

with_[field name] functions are automatically generated for all defined fields. For example, a User module with a field :email, :string definition would include a User.with_email function that returns the first record matching that field from the database.

Validation Support

iex> user = User.new(email: "invalid")
%User{id: nil, email: "invalid", is_site_admin: nil...}

iex> User.validate user
{:error, %User{newsletter_updated_at: ...}, [email: "Email must be valid", email: "_ must be between 5 and 255 characters",
  email: "_ must not be blank"]}

iex> User.full_error_messages user
["Email must be valid","email must be between 5 and 255 characters","email must not be blank","id must be a valid number"]

Repo Configuration

Define at least one Repository in your project that uses Atlas.Repo with a supported adapter. Your Repo simply needs to be provide config functions for :dev, :test, and :prod environments. After defining your repo, start its process within your application.

defmodule Repo do
  use Atlas.Repo, adapter: Atlas.Adapters.Postgres

  def config(:dev) do
    [
      database: "",
      username: "",
      password: "",
      host: "",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :debug
    ]
  end

  def config(:test) do
    [
      database: "",
      username: "",
      password: "",
      host: "",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :debug
    ]
  end

  def config(:prod) do
    [
      database: "",
      username: "",
      password: "",
      host: "",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :warn
    ]
  end
end

Repo.start_link

Testing

Testing requires a lib/atlas/repos/dev_repo.ex to exist. Here's an example:

defmodule Repo do
  use Atlas.Repo, adapter: Atlas.Adapters.Postgres

  def config(:dev) do
    [
      database: "",
      username: "",
      password: "",
      host: "localhost",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :debug
    ]
  end

  def config(:test) do
    [
      database: "atlas_test",
      username: "chris",
      password: "",
      host: "localhost",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :debug
    ]
  end

  def config(:prod) do
    [
      database: "",
      username: "",
      password: "",
      host: "",
      pool: 5,
      log_level: :warn
    ]
  end
end
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