Select2-to-Tree extends Select2 to support arbitrary level of nesting...
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Latest commit 9a0845c Oct 16, 2018


Select2-to-Tree is an extension to Select2, a popular select boxes library:

Though Select2 is very versatile, it only supports a single level of nesting. See

Because Select2 falls back to an <optgroup> when creating nested options, only a single level of nesting is supported. Any additional levels of nesting is not guarenteed to be displayed properly across all browsers and devices.

Select2-to-Tree extends Select2 to support arbitrary level of nesting.

Select2 compatibility

  • Select2 4+

Browser compatibility

  • IE 8+
  • Chrome 8+
  • Firefox 10+
  • Safari 3+
  • Opera 10.6+


Firstly, you need to know the usage of Select2:

Then, in your HTML document, you add the Select2 library (the *.js file & *.css file, currently the version should be 4.0+), and the Select2-to-Tree library (the *.js file & *.css file in the "src" folder). jQuery is also needed.

There are 2 ways to use Select2-to-Tree:

1. Use data, and empty <select> element(see "Example 1" in "example/example.html"):

Suppose your HTML is like this:

<select id="sel_1" style="width:16em" multiple>

And your data:

var mydata = [
   {id:1, text:"USA", inc:[
      {text:"west", inc:[
         {id:111, text:"California", inc:[
            {id:1111, text:"Los Angeles", inc:[
               {id:11111, text:"Hollywood"}
            {id:1112, text:"San Diego"}
         {id:112, text:"Oregon"}
   {id:2, text:"India"},
   {id:3, text:"中国"}

And you call Select2-to-Tree like the following:

$("#sel_1").select2ToTree({treeData: {dataArr:mydata}, maximumSelectionLength: 3});

"{treeData: {dataArr:mydata}" is for Select2-to-Tree, "maximumSelectionLength: 3" is for Select2 (and you can set the other Select2 arguments if needed)

About the data structure: "id" will be used as option value, "text" will be used as option label, and "inc" will be used to specify sub-level options. If your data structure is not like this, you can set arguments in "treeData" to change the default behavior, e.g., treeData: {dataArr: mydata, valFld: "value", labelFld: "name", incFld: "sub"}:

  • dataArr, an array containing the data.
  • valFld, the option value field, it's "id" by default. (if the value is empty, the corresponding option will be unselectable, see the "west" option in the example)
  • labelFld, the option label field, it's "text" by default.
  • incFld, the sub options field, it's "inc" by default.
  • dftVal, the default value.

The above are all the parameters supported by Select2-to-Tree.

2. directly create the <select> element(see "Example 2" in "example/example.html"):

If it's hard to create the required data structure, you can directly create the <select> element. It's like the following:

<select id="sel_2" style="width:8em">
   <option value="1" class="l1 non-leaf">opt_1</option>
   <option value="11" data-pup="1" class="l2 non-leaf">opt_11</option>
   <option value="111" data-pup="11" class="l3">opt_111</option>
   <option value="12" data-pup="2" class="l2">opt_12</option>
   <option value="2" class="l1">opt_2</option>
   <option value="3" class="l1">opt_3</option>
  • the classes l1,l2,l3,l4,l5..., setting the nesting level.
  • the attribute data-pup, setting the value of the parent level option.
  • the class non-leaf, setting whether the option has children or not.

Then, you call Select2-to-Tree (the "treeData" argument of Select-to-Tree is not needed here, but you can set arguments for Select2):



Select-to-Tree uses CSS rules(in the select2totree.css file) to control the indent & size of each level, e.g.:

.s2-to-tree .select2-results__option.l8 {
	margin-left: 6.0em;
	font-size: 0.75em;

By default, Select-to-Tree defines 8 levels, if you need more than 8 levels, you can add your own CSS rules. You can also change or override the pre-defined CSS rules to match your requirements.


  • AJAX data source is not supported.
  • It is a little slower than plain Select2, because there are extra operations to do. Anyway, according to my test (you can check "Example 3" in "example/example.html", click the "India -> north"), 1500 options is basically acceptable, which is enough in most of the real world cases.


See "Example 3" in "example/example.html":

Copyright and license

The license is available within the repository in the [LICENSE][license] file.