Skip to content
This repository has been archived by the owner on May 3, 2022. It is now read-only.


Switch branches/tags

Name already in use

A tag already exists with the provided branch name. Many Git commands accept both tag and branch names, so creating this branch may cause unexpected behavior. Are you sure you want to create this branch?

Latest commit


Git stats


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Duffle: The CNAB Installer

🚨 The Duffle project has been archived and is no longer maintained. See for current implementations of the CNAB specification.

Duffle is the reference implementation of the CNAB specification. It provides a comprehensive mapping of all features of the CNAB Core specification as of version 1.0.1.

Duffle's main utility, now that much of its internal code has migrated to the official cnab-go Golang library, is to demonstrate working proof-of-concepts of additions or modifications to applicable CNAB specifications. Of course, Duffle may still be used to install, manage and author bundles at a low level.

Future conformance updates per the Core and other CNAB specifications are intended to be added in the aforementioned cnab-go library, rather than in Duffle, which will not be updated going forward. Duffle will remain a reference implementation of the CNAB spec as of v1.0.1. If you are interested in using an up-to-date CNAB tool, check out

The community has created implementations of the CNAB spec with opinionated takes on authoring bundles. Some even use Duffle's libraries to handle the CNAB implementation. If you want to make your own CNAB tooling, that is a great place to start!

Learn more about about CNAB and Duffle, check out our docs.

Getting Started

  1. Get the latest Duffle release for your operating system.

  2. Run the command to set duffle up on your machine:

    $ duffle init
    ==> The following new directories will be created:
    ==> The following new files will be created:
  3. Build and install your first bundle (you can find the examples directory in this repository):

    $ duffle build ./examples/helloworld/
    Step 1/6 : FROM alpine:latest
     ---> e21c333399e0
    Step 2/6 : RUN apk update
     ---> Running in 93480e25ef09
    v3.7.3-40-g354ae2b18a []
    v3.7.3-38-gb9b86f0506 []
    OK: 9055 distinct packages available
     ---> 4123d6b1dfc5
    Step 3/6 : RUN apk add -u bash
     ---> Running in 3db9dd96e10b
    (1/10) Upgrading busybox (1.27.2-r6 -> 1.27.2-r11)
    (2/10) Upgrading libressl2.6-libcrypto (2.6.3-r0 -> 2.6.5-r0)
    (3/10) Installing libressl2.6-libtls (2.6.5-r0)
    (4/10) Installing ssl_client (1.27.2-r11)
    (5/10) Installing pkgconf (1.3.10-r0)
    (6/10) Installing ncurses-terminfo-base (6.0_p20171125-r1)
    (7/10) Installing ncurses-terminfo (6.0_p20171125-r1)
    (8/10) Installing ncurses-libs (6.0_p20171125-r1)
    (9/10) Installing readline (7.0.003-r0)
    (10/10) Installing bash (4.4.19-r1)
    Executing busybox-1.27.2-r11.trigger
    OK: 13 MiB in 19 packages
     ---> 5a3670bf25d9
    Step 4/6 : COPY Dockerfile /cnab/Dockerfile
     ---> 58548d5a8553
    Step 5/6 : COPY app /cnab/app
     ---> 46ce2cca5f93
    Step 6/6 : CMD ["/cnab/app/run"]
     ---> Running in d2294cc8b7fd
     ---> 69abe3476d43
    Successfully built 69abe3476d43
    Successfully tagged cnab/helloworld-cnab:87d786be507769a4913c90d85134c85727c85f41
    ==> Successfully built bundle helloworld:0.1.1
  4. Check that it was built:

    $ duffle bundle list
    NAME            VERSION DIGEST
    helloworld      0.1.1   fae0c3a28bd850f6a9a2631b9abe4f8244c83ee4
  5. Now run it:

    $ duffle credentials generate helloworld-creds helloworld:0.1.1
    $ duffle install helloworld-demo -c helloworld-creds helloworld:0.1.1
    Executing install action...
    hello world
    Install action
    Action install complete for helloworld-demo
  6. Clean up:

    $ duffle uninstall helloworld-demo
    Executing uninstall action...
    hello world
    uninstall action
    Action uninstall complete for helloworld-demo


    • To build and install bundles, you need access to a Docker engine - it can be Docker for Mac, Docker for Windows, Docker on Linux, or a remote Docker engine. Duffle uses the Docker engine to build the invocation images, as well as for running actions inside invocation images.
    • Duffle has a driver architecture for different ways of executing actions inside invocation images, and more drivers will be available in the future.
    • Learn more about what a bundle is and its components here.
    • Get a feel for what CNAB bundles written for Duffle look like by referencing the examples directory.

Developing Duffle

See the Developer's Guide.