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README.md

Build Status

LIBZIPPP

libzippp is a simple basic C++ wrapper around the libzip library. It is meant to be a portable and easy-to-use library for ZIP handling.

Compilation has been tested with:

  • GCC 8 (Travis CI)
  • GCC 9.2.1 (GNU/Linux Debian)
  • MS Visual Studio 2012 (Windows 7)

Underlying libraries:

Integration

libzippp has been ported to vcpkg and thus can be very easily integrated by running:

./vcpkg install libzippp

Compilation

Install Prerequisites

  • Linux

    • Install the development packages for zlib and libzip (e.g. zlib1g-dev, libzip-dev, liblzma-dev, libbz2-dev)
    • OR Install from source
    • OR Use the utility in the Makefile by executing make libraries
  • Windows:

    • Use precompile libraries from libzip-<version>-windows-ready_to_compile.zip
    • Install from source via CMake (similar to workflow below)
  • All Operating systems

    • If it is intended to be used with encryption it is necessary to compile libzip with any encryption and to enable it in libzippp through the cmake flag LIBZIPPP_ENABLE_ENCRYPTION
  • This library requires at least C++ 11 to be compiled.

Compile libzippp

TLDR: Use the standard CMake workflow: mkdir build && cd build && cmake <-D...> .. && make install

  • Make sure you have a compiler (MSVC, g++, ...) and CMake installed
  • Switch to the source folder
  • Create a build folder and switch to it, e.g.: mkdir build && cd build
  • Configure the build with cmake:
    • Commandline: cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release
    • With the CMake GUI:
      • Set source and build folder accordingly
      • Click Add Cache Entry to add CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE if not building with MSVC
      • Click Configure & Generate
    • If CMake can't find zlib and/or libzip you need to set CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH to the directories where you installed those into (either via -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=<...> or via the GUI)
      • Example: -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=/home/user/libzip-1.7.3:/home/user/zlib-1.2.11
  • Compile as usual
    • Linux: make && make install
    • Windows: Open generated project in MSVC. Build the INSTALL target to install.

CMake variables of interest

Set via commandline as cmake -DNAME=VALUE <other opts> or via CMake GUI or CCMake Add Cache Entry.

  • LIBZIPPP_INSTALL: Enable/Disable installation of libzippp. Default is OFF when using via add_subdirectory, else ON
  • LIBZIPPP_INSTALL_HEADERS: Enable/Disable installation of libzippp headers. Default is OFF when using via add_subdirectory, else ON
  • LIBZIPPP_BUILD_TESTS: Enable/Disable building libzippp tests. Default is OFF when using via add_subdirectory, else ON
  • LIBZIPPP_ENABLE_ENCRYPTION: Enable/Disable building libzippp with encryption capabilities. Default is OFF.
  • CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX: Where to install the project to
  • CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE: Set to Release or Debug to build with or without optimizations
  • BUILD_SHARED_LIBS: Set to ON or OFF to build shared or static libs, uses platform default if not set
  • CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH: Colon-separated list of prefix paths (paths containing lib and include folders) for installed libs to be used by this

Using libzippp

Once installed libzipp can be used from any CMake project with ease:
Given that it was installed (via CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX) into a standard location or its install prefix is passed into your projects CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH you can simply call find_package(libzippp 3.0 REQUIRED) and link against libzippp::libzippp.

When not using CMake to consume libzipp you have to pass its include directory to your compiler and link against libzippp.{a,so}. Do not forget to also link against libzip libraries e.g. in lib/libzip-1.7.3/lib/.libs/). An example of compilation with g++:

g++ -I./lib/libzip-1.7.3/lib -I./src \
    main.cpp libzippp.a \
    lib/libzip-1.7.3/lib/.libs/libzip.a \
    lib/zlib-1.2.11/libz.a

Encryption

Since version 1.5, libzip uses an underlying cryptographic library (OpenSSL, GNUTLS or CommonCrypto) that is necessary for static compilation. By default, libzippp will use -lssl -lcrypto (OpenSSL) as default flags to compile the tests. This can be changed by using make CRYPTO_FLAGS="-lsome_lib" LIBZIP_CMAKE="" tests.

Since libzip cmake's file detects automatically the cryptographic library to use, by default all the allowed libraries but OpenSSL are explicitely disabled in the LIBZIP_CMAKE variable in the Makefile.

See here for more information.

WINDOWS - Alternative way

The easiest way is to download zlib, libzip and libzipp sources and use CMake GUI to build each library in order:

  • Open CMake GUI
  • Point Source to the libraries source folder, Build to a new folder build inside it
  • Run Generate
  • Open the generated solution in MSVC and build & install it
  • Repeat for the next library

But there is also a prepared batch file to help automate this. It may need some adjusting though.

From Stage 1 - Use prepared environment

  1. Make sure you have cmake 3.10 (cmake.exe must be in the PATH) and MS Visual Studio.

  2. Download the libzip-<version>-windows-ready_to_compile.zip file from the release and extract it somewhere on your system. This will create a prepared structure, so libzippp can be compiled along with the needed libraries.

  3. Simply execute the compile.bat file. This will compile zlib, libzip and finally libzippp.

  4. You'll have a dist folder containing the release and debug folders where you can now execute the libzippp tests.

From Stage 0 - DIY

  1. Make sure you have cmake 3.10 (cmake.exe must be in the PATH) and MS Visual Studio 2012.

  2. Download libzip and zlib sources and extract them in the 'lib' folder. You should end up with the following structure:

libzippp/compile.bat
libzippp/lib/zlib-1.2.11
libzippp/lib/libzip-1.7.3
  1. Apply the modifications described in libzippp/lib/libzip-1.7.3-windows.patch.

  2. Execute the compile.bat (simply double-click on it). The compilation should go without error.

  3. You'll have a dist folder containing the release and debug folders where you can now execute the libzippp tests.

  4. You can either use libzippp.dll and libzippp.lib to link dynamically the library or simply use libzippp_static.lib to link it statically. Unless you also link zlib and libzippp statically, you'll need the dll packaged with your executable.

Usage

The API is meant to be very straight forward. Some french explanations can be found here.

List and read files in an archive:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

ZipArchive zf("archive.zip");
zf.open(ZipArchive::ReadOnly);

vector<ZipEntry> entries = zf.getEntries();
vector<ZipEntry>::iterator it;
for(it=entries.begin() ; it!=entries.end(); ++it) {
  ZipEntry entry = *it;
  string name = entry.getName();
  int size = entry.getSize();

  //the length of binaryData will be size
  void* binaryData = entry.readAsBinary();

  //the length of textData will be size
  string textData = entry.readAsText();

  //...
}

zf.close();

You can also create an archive directly from a buffer:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

char* buffer = someData;
uint32_t bufferSize = sizeOfBuffer;

ZipArchive* zf = ZipArchive::fromBuffer(buffer, bufferSize);
/* work with zf */
zf->close();
delete zf;

Read a specific entry from an archive:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

ZipArchive zf("archive.zip");
zf.open(ZipArchive::ReadOnly);

//raw access
char* data = (char*)zf.readEntry("myFile.txt", true);
ZipEntry entry1 = zf.getEntry("myFile.txt");
string str1(data, entry1.getSize());

//text access
ZipEntry entry2 = zf.getEntry("myFile.txt");
string str2 = entry2.readAsText();

zf.close();

Read a large entry from an archive:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

ZipArchive zf("archive.zip");
zf.open(ZipArchive::ReadOnly);

ZipEntry largeEntry = z1.getEntry("largeentry");
std::ofstream ofUnzippedFile("largeFileContent.data");
largeEntry.readContent(ofUnzippedFile);
ofUnzippedFile.close();

zf.close();

Add data to an archive:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

ZipArchive zf("archive.zip");
zf.open(ZipArchive::Write);
zf.addEntry("folder/subdir/");

const char* textData = "Hello,World!";
zf.addData("helloworld.txt", textData, 12);

zf.close();

Remove data from an archive:

#include "libzippp.h"
using namespace libzippp;

ZipArchive zf("archive.zip");
zf.open(ZipArchive::Write);
zf.deleteEntry("myFile.txt");
zf.deleteEntry("myDir/subDir/");
zf.close();

Known issues

LINUX

You might already have libzip compiled elsewhere on your system. Hence, you don't need to run 'make libzip'. Instead, just put the libzip location when you compile libzipp:

make LIBZIP=path/to/libzip

Under Debian, you'll have to install the package zlib1g-dev in order to compile if you don't want to install zlib manually.

WINDOWS

By default, MS Visual Studio 2012 is installed under the following path:

C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 11.0\

Be aware that non-virtual-only classes are shared within the DLL of libzippp. Hence you'll need to use the same compiler for libzippp and the pieces of code that will use it. To avoid this issue, you'll have to link the library statically.

More information here.

Static linkage

Extra explanations can be found here.