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An AngularJS directive for file upload using HTML5 with FileAPI polyfill for unsupported browsers
JavaScript HTML Java CSS Shell C#


Lightweight Angular JS directive to upload files.

Here is the DEMO page.

Migration notes: version 3.0.x version 3.1.x version 3.2.x version 4.x.x version 5.x.x version 6.x.x

For questions, bug reports, and feature request please search through existing issue first then open a new one here. For faster response please create a jsfiddle fork from the sample here or post your code with as much details as you can. If you need support send me an email to set up sessions through HackHands. You can also contact me for other concerns.

If you like this plugin give it a thumbs up at ngmodules or get me a cup of tea .

Table of Content:


  • Supports upload progress, cancel/abort upload while in progress, File drag and drop (html5), Directory drag and drop (webkit), Paste image (html5), CORS, PUT(html5)/POST methods, validation of file type and size, show preview of selected images/audio/videos.
  • Cross browser file upload and FileReader (HTML5 and non-HTML5) with Flash polyfill FileAPI. Allows client side validation/modification before uploading the file
  • Direct upload to db services CouchDB, imgur, etc... with file's content type using Upload.http(). This enables progress event for angular http POST/PUT requests.
  • Seperate shim file, FileAPI files are loaded on demand for non-HTML5 code meaning no extra load/code if you just need HTML5 support.
  • Lightweight using regular $http to upload (with shim for non-HTML5 browsers) so all angular $http features are available




<script src="angular.min.js"></script>
<!-- shim is needed to support non-HTML5 FormData browsers (IE8-9)-->
<script src="ng-file-upload-shim.min.js"></script> 
<script src="ng-file-upload.min.js"></script> 

<div ng-app="fileUpload" ng-controller="MyCtrl">
    watching model:
    <div class="button" ngf-select ng-model="file">Upload using model $watch</div>
    <div class="button" ngf-select ng-model="files" ngf-multiple="true">Upload multiple using model $watch</div>
    <div class="button" ngf-select ngf-change="upload($file)">Upload on file change</div>
    <div class="button" ngf-select ngf-change="upload($files)" ngf-multiple="true">Upload multiple on file change</div>
    Drop File:
    <div ngf-drop ng-model="files" class="drop-box" 
        ngf-drag-over-class="dragover" ngf-multiple="true" ngf-allow-dir="true"
        ngf-accept="'image/*,application/pdf'">Drop Images or PDFs files here</div>
    <div ngf-no-file-drop>File Drag/Drop is not supported for this browser</div>

    Image thumbnail: <img ngf-src="file" ngf-default-src="'/thumb.jpg'" ngf-accept="'image/*'">
    Audio preview: <audio controls ngf-src="file" ngf-accept="'audio/*'"></audio>
    Video preview: <video controls ngf-src="file" ngf-accept="'video/*'"></video>


//inject angular file upload directives and services.
var app = angular.module('fileUpload', ['ngFileUpload']);

app.controller('MyCtrl', ['$scope', 'Upload', function ($scope, Upload) {
    $scope.$watch('files', function () {
    // set default directive values
    // Upload.setDefaults( {ngf-keep:false ngf-accept:'image/*', ...} );
    $scope.upload = function (files) {
        if (files && files.length) {
            for (var i = 0; i < files.length; i++) {
                var file = files[i];
                    url: 'upload/url',
                    fields: {'username': $scope.username},
                    file: file
                }).progress(function (evt) {
                    var progressPercentage = parseInt(100.0 * evt.loaded /;
                    console.log('progress: ' + progressPercentage + '% ' +;
                }).success(function (data, status, headers, config) {
                    console.log('file ' + + 'uploaded. Response: ' + data);
                }).error(function (data, status, headers, config) {
                    console.log('error status: ' + status);

Full reference

File select

<button|div|input type="file"|ngf-select|...
    *ngf-select="true" or "false" // default true, enables file select directive on this element
    ng-model="myFiles" // binds the selected file or files to the scope model 
                       // could be an array or single file depending on ngf-multiple and ngf-keep values.
    ng-model-rejected="rejFiles" // bind to dropped files that do not match the accept wildcard
    ng-disabled="selectDisabled" // bind to a boolean value that triggers deactivation of the file select
    ngf-change="fileSelected($files, $file, $event, $rejectedFiles)" // called when files are selected or removed
    ngf-multiple="true" or "false" // default false, allows selecting multiple files
    ngf-capture="'camera'" or "'other'" // allows mobile devices to capture using camera
    accept="image/*" // see standard HTML file input accept attribute
    ngf-accept="'image/*'" or "validate($file)" // function or comma separated wildcard to filter files allowed
    ngf-min-size='10' // minimum acceptable file size in bytes
    ngf-max-size='10' // maximum acceptable file size in bytes
    ngf-keep="true" or "false" // default false, keep the previous ng-model files and append the new files
    ngf-keep-distinct="true" or "false" // default false, if ngf-keep is set, removes duplicate selected files
    ngf-reset-on-click="true" or "false" // default true, reset the model and input upon click. see note below.
    ngf-reset-model-on-click="true" or "false" // default true, reset the model upon click. see note below.

File drop

All attributes are optional except ngf-drop and one of ng-model or ngf-change.
    *ngf-drop="true" or "false" // default true, enables file drop directive on this element 
    ng-model="myFiles" // binds the dropped file or files to the scope model 
                       // could be an array or single file depending on ngf-multiple and ngf-keep values.
    ng-model-rejected="rejFiles" // bind to dropped files that do not match the accept wildcard
    ng-disabled="dropDisabled" // bind to a boolean value that triggers deactivation of the file drop
    ngf-change="fileDropped($files, $file, $event, $rejectedFiles)" //called when files being dropped
    ngf-multiple="true" or "false" // default false, allows selecting multiple files. 
    ngf-accept="'.pdf,.jpg'" or "validate($file)" // function or comma separated wildcard to filter files allowed
    ngf-allow-dir="true" or "false" // default true, allow dropping files only for Chrome webkit browser
    ngf-drag-over-class="{accept:'acceptClass', reject:'rejectClass', delay:100}" or "myDragOverClass" or
              // drag over css class behaviour. could be a string, a function returning class name 
              // or a json object {accept: 'c1', reject: 'c2', delay:10}. default "dragover".
              // accept/reject class only works in Chrome and on the file mime type so ngf-accept
              // needs to check the file mime type for it to work.
    ngf-drop-available="dropSupported" // set the value of scope model to true or false based on file
                                  // drag&drop support for this browser
    ngf-stop-propagation="true" or "false" // default false, whether to propagate drag/drop events.
    ngf-hide-on-drop-not-available="true" or "false" // default false, hides element if file drag&drop is not supported
    ngf-min-size='10' // minimum acceptable file size in bytes
    ngf-max-size='10' // maximum acceptable file size in bytes
Drop files here

<div|... ngf-no-file-drop>File Drag/drop is not supported</div>

File preview

    ngf-src="file" //To preview the selected file, sets src attribute to the file data url.
    ngf-background="file" //sets background-image style to the file data url.
    ngf-default-src="'placeholder.jpg'" // default src in case no file is available
    ngf-default-background="'placeholder.jpg'" // default background-image style in case no file is available
    ngf-no-object-url="true or false" // see #887 to force base64 url generation instead of object url. Default false
    ngf-accept="'.pdf,.jpg'" or "validate($file)" // function or comma separated wildcard to filter files allowed
    ngf-min-size='10' // minimum acceptable file size in bytes
    ngf-max-size='10' // maximum acceptable file size in bytes

Upload service:

var upload = Upload.upload({
  *url: 'server/upload/url', // upload.php script, node.js route, or servlet url
  *file: file,  // single file or an array of files (array is for html5 only)
  method: 'POST' or 'PUT', default POST,
  headers: {'Authorization': 'xxx'}, // only for html5
  fileName: 'doc.jpg' or ['1.jpg', '2.jpg', ...], // to modify the name of the file(s)
  file formData name ('Content-Disposition'), server side request form name could be
  an array  of names for multiple files (html5). Default is 'file' */
  fileFormDataName: 'myFile' or ['file[0]', 'file[1]', ...], 
  map of extra form data fields to send along with file. each field will be sent as a form field.
  The values are converted to json string or jsob blob or nested form depending on 'sendFieldsAs' option. */
  fields: {key: $scope.myValue, ...},
  default is 'json', sends each field as json string plain text content type, 'json-blob' sends object fields 
  as a blob object with content type 'application/json', 'form' sends fields as nested form fields. see #784 */
  sendFieldsAs: json|json-blob|form,
  /* customize how data is added to the formData. See #40#issuecomment-28612000 for sample code. */
  formDataAppender: function(formData, key, val){},
  data will be sent as a separate form data field called "data".*/
  data: {}. 
  withCredentials: true|false,
  ... and all other angular $http() options could be used here.
}).progress(function(evt) {
  console.log('progress: ' + parseInt(100.0 * evt.loaded / + '% file :'+;
}).success(function(data, status, headers, config) {
  // file is uploaded successfully
  console.log('file ' + + 'is uploaded successfully. Response: ' + data);
}).error(function(data, status, headers, config) {
  // handle error
  //access or attach event listeners to the underlying XMLHttpRequest
/* return $http promise then,catch or finally. 
Note that this promise does NOT have progress, abort or xhr functions */
var promise = upload.then(success, error, progress);
              upload.finally(callback, notifyCallback);

/* cancel/abort the upload in progress. */

/* alternative way of uploading, send the file binary with the file's content-type.
   Could be used to upload files to CouchDB, imgur, etc... html5 FileReader is needed. 
   It could also be used to monitor the progress of a normal http post/put request. 
            url: '/server/upload/url',
            headers : {
                'Content-Type': file.type
            data: file

/* Set the default values for ngf-select and ngf-drop directives
Upload.setDefaults({ngfMinSize: 20000, ngfMaxSize:20000000, ...})

/* Convert the file to base64 data url
Upload.dataUrl(file, callback, disallowObjectUrl);

ng-model The model value will be a single file instead of an array if all of the followings are true:

  • ngf-multiple is not set or is resolved to false.
  • multiple attribute is not set on the element
  • ngf-keep is not set or is resolved to false.

Upload multiple files: Only for HTML5 FormData browsers (not IE8-9) if you pass an array of files to file option it will upload all of them together in one request. In this case the fileFormDataName could be an array of names or a single string. For Rails or depending on your server append square brackets to the end (i.e. file[]). Non-html5 browsers due to flash limitation will still upload array of files one by one in a separate request. You should iterate over files and send them one by one if you want cross browser solution.

Upload.http(): This is equivalent to angular $http() but allow you to listen to the progress event for HTML5 browsers.

drag and drop styling: For file drag and drop, ngf-drag-over-class could be used to style the drop zone. It can be a function that returns a class name based on the $event. Default is "dragover" string. Only in chrome It could be a json object {accept: 'a', 'reject': 'r', delay: 10} that specify the class name for the accepted or rejected drag overs. The validation ngf-accept could only check the file type since that is the only property of the file that is reported by the browser on drag. So you cannot validate the file size or name on drag. There is also some limitation on some file types which are not reported by Chrome. delay param is there to fix css3 transition issues from dragging over/out/over #277.

ngf-reset-on-click and ngf-reset-model-on-click: These two options are for testing purposes or rare cases, be aware that they might make the file select behave differently on different browsers. By default since there is no cross-browser way to detect cancel on the file popup everytime you click on the file select it would create a new element and click on that and the model value will be reset to empty. This would also allow selecting the same file again which normally will not trigger a change event. Setting this to false would not create a new element, and browsers will behave differently when the user cancels the popup, for example for chrome you would receive a change event with empty files but in FireFox there will be no event fired. This could be helpful in some rare cases or for testing when you want to keep the original elements without replacing them. Setting ngf-reset-model-on-click will not reset the model when you click on the file select, that would make reseting model when the user cancels the select popup impossible in some browsers.

ng-model-rejected: You can find the reason for rejection using file.$error which would be one of these values accept, minSize, or maxSize. The first one is for the case the file doesn't match the ngf-accept criteria.

Upload.setDefaults(): If you have many file selects or drops you can set the default values for the directives by calling Upload.setDefaults(options). options would be a json object with directive names in camelcase and their default values.

Old browsers

For browsers not supporting HTML5 FormData (IE8, IE9, ...) FileAPI module is used. Note: You need Flash installed on your browser since FileAPI uses Flash to upload files.

These two files FileAPI.min.js, FileAPI.flash.swf will be loaded by the module on demand (no need to be included in the html) if the browser does not supports HTML5 FormData to avoid extra load for HTML5 browsers. You can place these two files beside angular-file-upload-shim(.min).js on your server to be loaded automatically from the same path or you can specify the path to those files if they are in a different path using the following script:

    //optional need to be loaded before angular-file-upload-shim(.min).js
    FileAPI = {
        //only one of jsPath or jsUrl.
        jsPath: '/js/FileAPI.min.js/folder/', 
        jsUrl: '',

        //only one of staticPath or flashUrl.
        staticPath: '/flash/FileAPI.flash.swf/folder/',
        flashUrl: '',

        //forceLoad: true, html5: false //to debug flash in HTML5 browsers
        //noContentTimeout: 10000 (see #528)
<script src="angular-file-upload-shim.min.js"></script>...

Old browsers known issues:

  • Because of a Flash limitation/bug if the server doesn't send any response body the status code of the response will be always 204 'No Content'. So if you have access to your server upload code at least return a character in the response for the status code to work properly.
  • Custom headers will not work due to a Flash limitation #111 #224 #129
  • Due to Flash bug #92 Server HTTP error code 400 will be returned as 200 to the client. So avoid returning 400 on your server side for upload response otherwise it will be treated as a success response on the client side.
  • In case of an error response (http code >= 400) the custom error message returned from the server may not be available. For some error codes flash just provide a generic error message and ignores the response text. #310
  • Older browsers won't allow PUT requests. #261

Server Side

Amazon AWS S3 Upload

The demo page has an option to upload to S3. Here is a sample config options:

        url: '', //S3 upload url including bucket name
        method: 'POST',
        fields : {
          key:, // the key to store the file on S3, could be file name or customized
          AWSAccessKeyId: <YOUR AWS AccessKey Id>, 
          acl: 'private', // sets the access to the uploaded file in the bucket: private or public 
          policy: $scope.policy, // base64-encoded json policy (see article below)
          signature: $scope.signature, // base64-encoded signature based on policy string (see article below)
          "Content-Type": file.type != '' ? file.type : 'application/octet-stream', // content type of the file (NotEmpty)
          filename: // this is needed for Flash polyfill IE8-9
        file: file,

This article explains more about these fields and provides instructions on how to generate the policy and signature using a server side tool. These two values are generated from the json policy document which looks like this:

{"expiration": "2020-01-01T00:00:00Z",
"conditions": [ 
  {"bucket": "angular-file-upload"}, 
  ["starts-with", "$key", ""],
  {"acl": "private"},
  ["starts-with", "$Content-Type", ""],
  ["starts-with", "$filename", ""],
  ["content-length-range", 0, 524288000]

The demo page provide a helper tool to generate the policy and signature from you from the json policy document. Note: Please use https protocol to access demo page if you are using this tool to generate signature and policy to protect your aws secret key which should never be shared.

Make sure that you provide upload and CORS post to your bucket at AWS -> S3 -> bucket name -> Properties -> Edit bucket policy and Edit CORS Configuration. Samples of these two files:

  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
      "Sid": "UploadFile",
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Principal": {
        "AWS": "arn:aws:iam::xxxx:user/xxx"
      "Action": [
      "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::angular-file-upload/*"
      "Sid": "crossdomainAccess",
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Principal": "*",
      "Action": "s3:GetObject",
      "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::angular-file-upload/crossdomain.xml"
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<CORSConfiguration xmlns="">

For IE8-9 flash polyfill you need to have a crossdomain.xml file at the root of you S3 bucket. Make sure the content-type of crossdomain.xml is text/xml and you provide read access to this file in your bucket policy.

You can also have a look at for another example with this fix.


To support CORS upload your server needs to allow cross domain requests. You can achive that by having a filter or interceptor on your upload file server to add CORS headers to the response similar to this: (sample java code)

httpResp.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Methods", "POST, PUT, OPTIONS");
httpResp.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Origin", "");
httpResp.setHeader("Access-Control-Allow-Headers", "Content-Type"));

For non-HTML5 IE8-9 browsers you would also need a crossdomain.xml file at the root of your server to allow CORS for flash: (sample xml)

  <site-control permitted-cross-domain-policies="all"/>
  <allow-access-from domain=""/>
  <allow-http-request-headers-from domain="*" headers="*" secure="false"/>


Manual download

Download latest release from here


#notice 'ng' at the beginning of the module name not 'angular'
bower install ng-file-upload 
<script src="angular(.min).js"></script>
<script src="ng-file-upload-shim(.min).js"></script> <!-- for no html5 browsers support -->
<script src="ng-file-upload(.min).js"></script> 

Yeoman with bower automatic include

bower install ng-file-upload --save
bower install ng-file-upload-shim --save 


  "dependencies": [..., "ng-file-upload-shim", "ng-file-upload", ...],


Package is also available on NuGet: with the help of Georgios Diamantopoulos


npm install ng-file-upload
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