Replication files for "Lack of Preferences, Political Trust and Education Levels: Alternative Explanations for Invalid Votes in Brazilian Elections"
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README.md
data.csv
invalid_votes.R

README.md

Lack of Preferences, Political Trust and Education Levels: Alternative Explanations for Invalid Votes in Brazilian Elections

This Github repository contains data and R code for "Lack of Preferences, Political Trust and Education Levels: Alternative Explanations for Invalid Votes in Brazilian Elections," authored by Guilherme Arbache, Danilo Freire and Pietro Rodrigues. The paper appeared in the first issue of Encuentro Latinoamericano.

Abstract: This paper explores the causes of invalid voting in Brazilian elections. Given that invalid ballot rates tend to be higher where voting is compulsory, the correlates of invalid votes in those countries deserve attention. In this regard, Brazil provides an ideal case for analysing the issue. Brazil not only has the largest electorate of all democracies with compulsory voting laws, but it has also introduced electronic ballots, what has been responsible for a considerable decline in the invalid vote rates. Using data from ESEB, a public opinion survey on elections, we perform a series of logistic regressions to analyse the 2010 presidential, gubernatorial and parliamentary elections, and evaluate the impact of political disaffection and educational level on invalid voting behaviour. We also test a third explanation that so far has not received much attention of scholars: the sheer lack of preference over the running candidates, regardless of distrust levels. Our analyses find that lack of preference has a significant impact on invalid voting at all government levels. Education is negatively correlated with invalid voting, but it is significant only for the presidential elections, a result that confirms the role of the complexity of Brazilian parliamentary elections on invalid voting. Low evaluation of institutions has an impact only over certain types of elections.

Keywords: Brazil, Elections, Invalid Votes, Opinion Survey, Political Behaviour

You can cite the article as:

Arbache, G., Freire, D., & Rodrigues, P. (2015). Lack of Preferences, Political Trust and Education Levels: Alternative Explanations for Invalid Votes in Brazilian Elections. Encuentro Latinoamericano, 1(1), 29--50.

BibTeX entry:

@article{arbache2015lack,
  title={Lack of Preferences, Political Trust and Education Levels: Alternative Explanations for Invalid Votes in Brazilian Elections},
  author={Arbache, Guilherme and Freire, Danilo and Rodrigues, Pietro},
  journal={Encuentro Latinoamericano},
  volume={1},
  number={1},
  pages={29--50},
  year={2015},
  publisher={IAPSS}
}