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TumbleBit implementation for Decred

TumbleBit package implements the TumbleBit protocol for the Decred cryptocurrency. There are two executable binaries installed:

  • tumblebit -- the tumblebit service
  • dcrtumble -- the tumblebit client

tumblebit implements a gRPC service for clients and requires a connection to the dcrwallet service to handle transaction and wallet services for the tumbler itself.

When a decred user Alice informs another user Bob that she wants to make a payment in an out-of-band manner (from the blockchain PoV), Bob is required to obtain a set of puzzle promises from the tumbler. He does so by issuing a sequence of RPC calls:

  • SetupEscrow to indicate a desire to receive a payment and obtain a signed but not published 2-of-2 escrow transaction;

  • GetPuzzlePromises to obtain puzzle promises;

  • FinalizeEscrow to finish the escrow process and acknowledge validity of provided puzzle promises.

When any of these puzzles are solved (by the tumbler), Bob has a way to finalize a cash-out transaction redeeming escrowed funds.

During this puzzle-promise protocol the following transactions are prepared:

  • a 2-of-2 escrow created by the tumbler that requires signatures from both tumbler and Bob to be redeemed or a signature from the tumbler to be able to issue a refund after a locktime;

  • a refund transaction created by the tumbler that will need to be posted after the locktime in case escrow won't be redeemed;

  • a redeeming transaction (a.k.a. the cash-out tx) prepared by Bob that he will post on to the blockchain once it obtains the puzzle solution from Alice which would reveal the tumbler's signature of the redeeming tx hash needed to complete the redeeming script and redeem escrowed funds.

Once escrow process is finished (FinalizeEscrow has been called), Bob may blind one of the received puzzles and offer it to Alice via an out-of-band communication channel.

Once Alice receives the blinded puzzle (later referred as the puzzle) corresponding to a particular epoch (block height) she can construct a series of puzzles of her own to test tumbler's ability to solve them. Once Alice verifies that tumbler is capable of providing valid solutions for puzzles, it commits to an offer transaction that escrows funds that can be redeemed by posting a redeeming transaction that contains preimages for a series of keys opening solutions to the blinded puzzle.

Alice must call the following RPC calls in sequence:

  • GetSolutionPromises to obtain solutions promises for puzzles of her choice which is a mix of actual ("real") puzzles and test ("fake") ones;

  • ValidateSolutions to reveal test ("fake") puzzles and obtain proof that tumbler can indeed solve these puzzles;

  • PaymentOffer to signify a commitment to pay for the puzzle solution.

During this puzzle-solver protocol Alice creates an offer transaction which is an escrow contract that can be redeemed by the tumbler if it offers valid preimages for RIPEMD-160 hashes contained in the offer transaction. Or alternatively it's refunded by Alice after a locktime.

These preimages are solutions for blindings of the same puzzle and once solution is applied and puzzle is unblinded it opens up to a solution of a puzzle provided by Bob.

Now that Alice has paid the tumbler, she can communicate the solution back to Bob via an out-of-band comm channel so that Bob can use it to reveal the signature on the cash-out transaction and redeem funds escrowed by the tumbler by posting the finalized redeeming tx concluding the payment from Alice to Bob via the TumbleBit service.


  1. Refund transactions must be stored in a database and issued whenever escrows haven't been redeemed at the end of an epoch.

  2. Finish dcrtumble's command interface. Post intermediate results as JSON encoded objects so that they can be fed back to dcrtumble at a later point.

  3. Post all solution transactions at the same time for a single epoch to not let observers correlate different payment phases.

  4. Implement Anonymous voucher system to let payer handle transaction fees for the payee.


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