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Linux on ChromeOS with Crouton

Tutorial tested on Lenovo N21 & Asus Flip Chromebook (ARM chip)

  • Switch to developer mode

    • Esc + Refresh (F3) + Power
    • Ctrl + D out of "Chrome OS is missing "Enter until you see "OS verification is OFF", Ctrl + D until you see "Your system is transitioning to Developer Modes" and reboot
  • Enable debugging features (lower left on the first login screen)

    • set developer password (all passwords should be the same for rikersbot)
  • Change default user password

    • Ctrl + Alt + F2 to enter the sytem shell
    • log in as root and enter the dev password
    • run chromeos-setdevpasswd and set to the same as dev password
    • Ctrl + Alt + F1 to return to the login screen and finish setting up the default account
  • Install Crouton

    • install crouton extension
    • download crouton
    • Ctrl + Alt + t to enter crosh
    • launch shell
    • cd /home/user/[tab through long number]/Downloads
  • Install Debian (this will take a while)

    • sudo sh crouton -r debian -t xfce -n debian
    • run sudo delete-chroot debian to delete if needed
    • at some point the prompt will ask you to specify username and pass for primary user---use the same credentials as throughout

-r is the release. We need to set this to stretch, which is the testing branch of Debian. If the -r switch is > not passed Ubuntu will be installed.

-t is the target command that specifies what GUI interface you want installed by default. Gnome is the default gui for kali however it does not work on my HP Chromebook 14″. KDE works and is a good alternative to > Gnome.

-n is the name parameter. We define the -n switch here so we can give the chroot a custom name of debian.

  • launch lxde from crosh

    • Ctrl+Alt+t to launch crush, then shell, and sudo startxfce4
    • make sure to use the default config when offered
    • you can flip through running chroot desktops by pressing ctrl+alt+shift+Back/Forward
  • prepare the dev environment

    • remove screensaver sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver*
    • install leafpad, ipython, and ipython notebook, in the lxde terminal run sudo apt-get install ipython ipython-notebook leafpad