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Disk/image corruption with large numbers of files #2625

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tristanpemble opened this issue Feb 21, 2018 · 24 comments

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@tristanpemble
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commented Feb 21, 2018

Expected behavior

Generating large numbers of files in the container will not corrupt the files

Actual behavior

Files are corrupted

Information

Diagnose & Feedback:

Docker for Mac: version: 18.02.0-ce-mac53 (60e488931a12eeba773efb9e92be068a3c081758)
macOS: version 10.13.3 (build: 17D47)
logs: /tmp/BD6AFC3D-1322-4D56-956C-65EDDD22BE75/20180220-180841.tar.gz
[OK]     vmnetd
[OK]     dns
[OK]     driver.amd64-linux
[OK]     virtualization VT-X
[OK]     app
[OK]     moby
[OK]     system
[OK]     moby-syslog
[OK]     kubernetes
[OK]     env
[OK]     virtualization kern.hv_support
[OK]     slirp
[OK]     osxfs
[OK]     moby-console
[OK]     logs
[OK]     docker-cli
[OK]     menubar
[OK]     disk

Dockerfile:

FROM alpine
WORKDIR /work

# Generate 100,000 files with 10,000 alphanumeric characters each (around a gigabyte of data)
RUN for i in `seq 1 100000`; do cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'A-Za-z0-9' | fold -w 10000 | head -n 1 > $i.txt ; done

# Look for non-alphanumeric characters.. should output no files
RUN grep -l -e '[^A-Za-z0-9]' *.txt

Steps to reproduce the behavior

  1. First I reset Docker for Mac to factory defaults.
  2. Immediately after resetting to factory defaults (and copying diagnose & feedback information above), using the above Dockerfile, I get this output from docker build .:
    λ docker build .
    Sending build context to Docker daemon  2.048kB
    Step 1/4 : FROM alpine
    latest: Pulling from library/alpine
    ff3a5c916c92: Pull complete
    Digest: sha256:7df6db5aa61ae9480f52f0b3a06a140ab98d427f86d8d5de0bedab9b8df6b1c0
    Status: Downloaded newer image for alpine:latest
     ---> 3fd9065eaf02
    Step 2/4 : WORKDIR /work
    Removing intermediate container f0915c5abd00
     ---> 30821123326c
    Step 3/4 : RUN for i in `seq 1 100000`; do cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc 'A-Za-z0-9' | fold -w 10000 | head -n 1 > $i.txt ; done
     ---> Running in 8211bc831d57
    Removing intermediate container 8211bc831d57
     ---> 74ae74bd63f0
    Step 4/4 : RUN grep -l -e '[^A-Za-z0-9]' *.txt
     ---> Running in 0e98eafb4c78
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    Removing intermediate container 0e98eafb4c78
     ---> 9968c5d7fc72
    Successfully built 9968c5d7fc72
    
  3. Examine one of the files in the list with docker run --rm 9968c5d7fc72 cat 6482.txt (truncated output):
     λ docker run --rm 9968c5d7fc72 cat 6482.txt
     �wa\�X�E=IΪm�SP�	��-F�#ɕaQ1�A��R#�*9P�#�j���z�X�2��be�ԵG}Jc#�.�-���kC6�ЗE���N��A�,���1:��R�������R�?A}B��:�QK��GU�5'F�^]cQ�S�Y��9��D�L�r9��P4�#�
     ��y�(f>h��=Hҍs"o{�?\���Y�T���:%������A;��H��% �g� 8w�\�1)�?k�v-0֪�k�;������O����4B%И�FA�	��`�IL�s!��L��h���8ِ���;aV�+��mXi� �vD�g�K~���݆�#l���'�Q��IS|�&Xi�
                                       s�	����/���v�Dj�����F�}B�����%򡏱���{Dfg=�į�~��I���|L[)�I�
@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 21, 2018

This issue has been most problematic in the real world scenario of an unfortunately large npm install generating around 130,000 files. docker build will fail randomly and unpredictably, and the only way to get around it is to reset Docker for Mac and try again.

@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 21, 2018

I believe this is related to a myriad of other issue reports (#2567 #2542 etc, just search "corrupt") but it's not clear to me which. This is the only report I can find that has a reliable strategy to reproduce the issue.

@zhm

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commented Feb 21, 2018

I'm seeing the same behavior of random corrupt files on 17.12.0-ce-mac49. Out of curiosity I ran your test case and I was able to also see garbage binary data in some of the files. From the other issues, it seems like the temporary workaround is to switch to the old image format as mentioned here #2327 (comment).

@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 21, 2018

thanks. I tried switching to the qcow image format, and was unable to reproduce the issue with this Dockerfile.

@pgayvallet

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commented Feb 21, 2018

Hi,

Thanks for the reproduction scenario. We are actively looking for a fix on this issue.

@rn

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commented Feb 22, 2018

@tristanpemble I tried to repro this (one of colleagues was able to), but so far I had no luck and I'm trying on several machines in parallel.

One question, how full is your disk? Is it close to the limit or is there plenty of free space?

Thanks

@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 22, 2018

@rn:

  • Docker for Mac VM's disk image is allocated to 64GiB, and this is after a reset to factory defaults
  • My MacBook's SSD is at 60% capacity:
    Filesystem      Size   Used  Avail Capacity iused               ifree %iused  Mounted on
    /dev/disk1s1   420Gi  237Gi  162Gi    60% 2334929 9223372036852440878    0%   /
    
@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 22, 2018

Some additional information: several of my coworkers are seeing the same issues in other scenarios, and saw them go away with qcow. When trying to use this Dockerfile just now, we were unable to reliably reproduce, unfortunately.

I've been able to reproduce every time:

  • MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2017)
    macOS 10.13.3 (17D47)

One coworker could not, but saw the issue in other scenarios before switching to qcow:

  • MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2017)
    macOS 10.13.3 (17D102)

Another coworker, on Sierra, was unable to reproduce (since Sierra will default to the qcow2 format).

@djs55

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commented Feb 22, 2018

This was reproducing for me reliably on 2 laptops yesterday:

  • MacBook Pro (13-inch, Early 2015) running a 10.13.4 Beta build
  • MacBook Pro (15-inch, Early 2013) running macOS 10.13.3 (17D102)

I updated the beta laptop to 10.13.4 Beta (17E160e) and now I can't reproduce it on that machine, but can still on the other one. Furthermore in the beta build another tangentially-related APFS bug was fixed (a bug in F_PUNCHHOLE as used by TRIM). Perhaps Apple have fixed several APFS bugs in the latest beta?

@tristanpemble

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commented Feb 22, 2018

This is pretty frustrating. I'm actually unable to reproduce anymore. Here's the steps I've taken:

  1. [2 DAYS AGO] Reset to factory defaults, using raw
  2. Reproduced with that Dockerfile numerous times (using --no-cache to avoid layer caching)
  3. Confirmed switching to qcow by editing config file fixes it
  4. [TODAY] Came back today, switched back to raw by editing the config file
  5. Was unable to reproduce at all with a variety of RAM/CPU adjustments to VM
  6. BUT THEN — I reset to factory defaults again just now, and reproduced it twice in a row

I'm wondering if there's something about switching back and forth between qcow/raw that makes it disappear?

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commented Feb 22, 2018

I had another suspicion, so I ran docker image rm alpine and re-built this Dockerfile.

Before removing the image, it reproduced.
After removing the image, it did not.

I'm starting to think that this Dockerfile is surfacing a symptom of the image being corrupted at pull time

UPDATE:

  1. Reset factory settings
  2. docker build --no-cache . – Reproduced once
  3. docker build --no-cache . – Reproduced again
  4. docker image rm alpine – Deleted alpine image
  5. docker build --no-cache . – Did not reproduce
  6. docker build --no-cache . – Reproduced again

Nevermind on that one. Sorry for all of the comments, trying to give as much info as I can since this is a pretty unpredictable bug.

@znerd

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commented Feb 28, 2018

Note that the release notes for Docker 17.12.0-ce-mac55 reference this ticket:

Revert the default disk format to qcow2 for users running macOS 10.13 (High Sierra). There are confirmed reports of file corruption using the raw format which uses sparse files on APFS. Note this change only takes effect after a reset to factory defaults (from the Whale menu -> Preferences -> Reset). Related to #2625

@agodoroja

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commented Mar 1, 2018

Could this be related to an issue that I am seeing with mounting volumes? I am using Docker to run the toolchain for building a project in Ubuntu. I have all of the source in the Mac filesystem and the tools installed in a Docker container. I need a case-sensitive filesystem, so I initially created one on the Mac using a sparse bundle. When I ran my Docker container with the Mac disk image mounted as a volume, the make process failed because it created many files of apparently the right size, but filled with 0x00. Changing to a sparse image didn't help, but it seems to work when I created a .dmg file with the total amount pre-allocated by Disk Utility. I am using 17.12.0-ce-mac49 (21995) on High Sierra.

@djs55

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commented Mar 1, 2018

Sorry I forgot to comment here when we released the update switching back to qcow2.

@agodoroja I suspect that is the same (or very similar) issue. It seems that when APFS allocates blocks for sparse files, they can occasionally end up with corrupt contents. I suspect the bug has been fixed on the macOS developer beta (10.13.4) recently and I hope the fix will be released as a regular update soon. In the meantime we've switched back to qcow2 by default for safety. When we're convinced the underlying bug has been fixed we'll switch back to raw again.

Thanks all (especially @tristanpemble for the test case)

@davidthornton

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commented Apr 1, 2018

@djs55 will this be added directly to stable or incubated in edge first?

@RoyHP

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commented Apr 2, 2018

macOS 10.13.4 has released - have we confirmed that it is safe to reset back to raw format? I don't know if Apple fixed this issue with sparsebundle allocation

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commented Apr 2, 2018

I confirmed the bug still reproduces on my 10.13.3 machine and then updated to 10.13.4. I re-ran the test 5 times in a row and the bug didn't reproduce. It's hard to prove the bug has been fixed (there's no mention in the release notes). Perhaps someone else who has a machine where it reproduces could try updating, switch to raw mode (by editing the file extension in settings.json in the ~/Library/Group Containers/group.com.docker directory, restarting the app and verify a raw file is created) and let us know what happens?

I suspect we'll want to incubate the change in edge before moving to stable. We'll also need to add a version check somewhere to keep qcow2 for 10.13.0-10.13.3.

@davidthornton

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commented Apr 2, 2018

My 10.13.4 took a while to install with a few more reboots than normal which leads me to believe an APFS update was included. If it was, and the bug was patched (I never experienced it on my machine) then I think the lack of transparency from Apple regarding APFS is a little bit concerning. Say what you want about keeping features secret, but filesystem bugs should surely be reported.

That being said, do we know when k8s support will enter the stable release track?

@rn

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commented Apr 6, 2018

FWIW, I just updated to 10.13.4 and switched back to raw. On 10.13.3 I had some file corruption when untar'ing linux kernel source trees, maybe 1 in 3 or 4. I've now done about 12 iterations without any noticeable corruption. Definitely an improvement and another datapoint that this might be fixed in APFS

@cascornelissen

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commented Apr 6, 2018

I personally can't seem to reproduce it with the testcase provided in this issue on my end (D4M stable 18.03.0-ce-mac60 (23751), High Sierra 10.13.4 (17E199)). Haven't tested it on 10.13.3 though.

Not sure if this is related to the APFS bug described here: https://bombich.com/blog/2018/02/15/macos-may-lose-data-on-apfs-formatted-disk-images but it notes the issue persists in the 10.13.4 release 🤔

Update March 30, 2018: This issue persists on macOS 10.13.4 (17E199)

@glyph

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commented Apr 26, 2018

I just saw the edge channel update suggesting that this is the default again, linking me to this issue, but I don't see any indication that the underlying issue is fixed. Does anyone have a reference on the fix? Do I need to update macOS?

@gondalez

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commented Apr 27, 2018

hi @glyph you need to make sure you're on macos 10.13.4 and reset docker to factory defaults. 10.13.3 introduced the bug I believe.

Re-enable raw as the the default disk format for users running macOS >>>10.13.4 and higher<<<. Note this change only takes effect after a >>>“reset to factory defaults” or “remove all data”<<< (from the Whale menu -> Preferences -> Reset). Related to #2625

About the reference to the fix; docker is closed source so you won't see a commit link here. I assume the docker team will resolve this one once the fix makes its way to stable.

I personally can attest to raw working in macos 10.13.4, I have been using raw in stable using the settings.json workaround for weeks with no corruption issues. The performance improvement is significant :)

It's been talked about above but in case it helps others, here are the exact steps to use raw with docker stable (18.03.0-ce-mac60):

  • edit ~/Library/Group Containers/group.com.docker/settings.json
  • change the extension in diskPath from qcow -> raw
  • open docker and factory reset
@rn

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commented Apr 27, 2018

Yes, it looks like Apple has fixed the issue in APFS which caused disk corruption with sparse files. We had a number of tests, including the one kindly provided by @tristanpemble, and none of them triggered any corruption on 10.13.4. So the latest edge enables raw disks again.

We did not see any mention in the Apple's changelog and noticed some other APFS related chances too.

@markruys

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commented Jun 4, 2018

I've ran @tristanpemble's test on both 10.13.4 and 10.13.5 and a raw backing store. In neither cases corrupt files were created.

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