A very basic Security Information and Event Management system (SIEM)
Siemstress is a lightweight but powerful security information and event management (SIEM) system. It uses a database and a suite of CLI tools for managing log events, and automating event analysis. It comes with four programs: siemparse, siemquery, siemtrigger, and siemmanage.
Siemstress is designed to parse data, and organize it into prioritized, manageable streams of relevant information. The goal is a streamlined open source information management system that embodies unix design principles. It should be simple, modular, and useful beyond its original scope.
Parsing data from specific applications is left to user configurable parse helpers, and user interfaces beyond the command line are left to other programs. Core functions are contained in modules that are meant to be as useful to other programs as they are to ours.
Siemstress uses a database (MariaDB) to store the following information:
Helpers - Helpers are used to help siemparse pull dynamically configurable attributes from events. Events created by helpers are stored in the
Extendedcolumn of parsed events. This is useful for identifying IP addresses, user names, temperatures, file names, or other data that siemstress doesn't parse automatically.
Rules - Rules are conditions that are used by siemtrigger to evaluate tables of parsed events. So far there is only one type of rule: the limit rule. Limit rules have a set of criteria, a time interval, and an event limit. If there are more events in a time interval that meet these criteria than the set limit, a SIEM event is created using the message defined by the rule. Rules also have a severity attribute, which works like syslog severity; 0 is the most severe, and 7 is the least (the specific syslog severity levels are not used).
SIEM events - SIEM events are created by rules that evaluate events. They are stored in separate tables that are meant to be monitored. Each SIEM event has a magnitude, which is calculated using rule severity, and the ratio of event count to the rule's event limit. SIEM events also contain a list of source event IDs.
siemquery terminal output does not show all attributes. To view all attributes, including the extended attributes parsed by helpers, use the
--json option to store the output in a JSON file. This can also be useful for data visualization and manipulation using programs like Jupyter.
See the latest instructions on the releases page.
siemstress is developed and tested using MariaDB as an SQL server. Refer to instructions for installing MariaDB on your operating system or distribution. You will need to create a database, and a user with permissions on it.
The default siemstress config file location is
config/db.conf if working in the repository). This file contains information needed to connect to the database, and should be updated with the proper server location, credentials, and database instance name.
There is also a section config file in the same directory called
sections.conf that contains information about tables. This file needs more documentation.
siemparse is a CLI tool to parse log lines from a log file or standard input into a siemstress database.
usage: siemparse [-h] [--version] [-c CONFIG] [-s SECTION] [-z TZONE] [file] positional arguments: file set a file to follow optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --version show program's version number and exit -c CONFIG set the config file -s SECTION set the config section -z TZONE set the offset to UTC (e.g. '+0500')
siemparse /var/log/messages siemparse -s auth /var/log/auth.log
siemquery is a CLI tool to query a siemstress database.
usage: siemquery [-h] [--version] [-c CONFIG] [-s SECTION] [--verbose] [--silent] [--rule] [--json FILE] [--table TABLE] [--last LAST] [--range START-FINISH] [--id ID] [--shost HOST] [--sport PORT] [--dhost HOST] [--dport PORT] [--process PROCESS] [--pid PID] [--protocol PROTOCOL] [--grep PATTERN] [--rshost HOST] [--rsport PORT] [--rdhost HOST] [--rdport PORT] [--rprocess PROCESS] [--rpid PID] [--rprotocol PROTOCOL] [--rgrep PATTERN] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --version show program's version number and exit -c CONFIG set the config file -s SECTION set the config section --verbose print SQL statement used for query --silent silence table output to terminal --rule set rule query mode --json FILE set a JSON output file query options: --table TABLE set a table to query --last LAST match a preceeding time range (5m, 24h, etc) --range START-FINISH match a date range (format: YYmmddHHMMSS) --id ID match an event ID --shost HOST match a source host --sport PORT match a source port --dhost HOST match a destination host --dport PORT match a destination port --process PROCESS match a source process --pid PID match a source Process ID --protocol PROTOCOL match a protocol --grep PATTERN match a pattern --rshost HOST filter out a source host --rsport PORT filter out a source port --rdhost HOST filter out a destination host --rdport PORT filter out a destination port --rprocess PROCESS filter out a source process --rpid PID filter out a source Process ID --rprotocol PROTOCOL filter out a protocol --rgrep PATTERN filter out a pattern
siemquery --last 6h --json events.json siemquery --last 20m -s auth --process sshd --process systemd-logind --grep fail siemquery --range 20170726020000-20170726050000 -s auth --grep fail
query options that are not time-related can be used more than once.
siemtrigger is a CLI tool to trigger SIEM events based on siemstress database analysis.
usage: siemtrigger [-h] [--version] [-c CONFIG] [--table TABLE] [--oneshot] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --version show program's version number and exit -c CONFIG set the config file --table TABLE set a rule table --oneshot check database once and exit
siemtrigger --table RULESAuth
siemmanage is a tool for clearing SIEM tables, and importing and exporting rules and helpers.
usage: siemmanage [-h] [--version] [-c CONFIG] [--clear] [--force] [--importrules FILE] [--exportrules FILE] [--importhelpers FILE] [--exporthelpers FILE] [--table TABLE] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --version show program's version number and exit -c CONFIG set the config file --clear delete the selected SQL table --force really delete the table --importrules FILE set a JSON file to import rules --exportrules FILE set a JSON file to export rules --importhelpers FILE set a JSON file to import helpers --exporthelpers FILE set a JSON file to export helpers --table TABLE set a table
siemmanage --importhelpers config/example_helpers.json siemmanage --exportrules rules.json --table RULESAuth siemmanage --clear --force --table Auth
Copyright (c) 2017 Dan Persons (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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