Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
A library that intercepts "open"
Python
branch: master

Fetching latest commit…

Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time

Failed to load latest commit information.
fakeio
features
.gitignore
README.rst
setup.py

README.rst

FakeIO: Intercept open

FakeIO is a library for testing functions that will open a file.

import fakeio

fakeio_session = fakeio.FakeIOSession()
fakeio_session.create_file("/memfile/testfile.txt", 'r', content="test")
with fakeio_session:
    open("/memfile/testfile.txt", 'r').read() # => "test"

You can find the usages in the tests.

You do not want to open a file in a test. So most of the time, the program is written to receive a file-like object instead of a file path. This will enable you to test with in-memory file-like object like the one that StringIO provides. In spite of that, sometimes you want to pass a file path: when you write acceptance tests or when you write a program that creates files under some directory. This library lets you intercept calls to the open built-in function and replace its return value with a StringIO object.

This library is not intended to replace StringIO. You should use StringIO as possible as you can.

Example use case

Assume that you want to write some tests for the function that creates an error log only if an error happens, and the error log filename can be determined only after the error occurs. You can write this function like this:

def record_error(target, dirpath):
    try:
        target()
    except Exception as e:
        filepath = os.path.join(dirpath,
                                gen_filename(e, datetime.datetime.now()))
        with open(filepath, 'w') as f:
            f.write(repr(e))

Things that you want to check about this function are here:

  1. The argument target should be called.
  2. If the call to target does not raise any exception, any file should not be created.
  3. If the call to target raise an exception, a file should be created under the dirpath directory.
  4. The created file should be created under the name which gen_filename returns, and gen_filename should be called properly.
  5. The created file's content should be same as repr(e).

You can write these tests like this:

class TestRecordError(unittest.TestCase):
    def test_target_should_be_called(self):
        mock_target = mock.Mock()
        record_error(mock_target, 'does not exists')
        mock_target.assert_called_with()

    def test_it_should_not_create_a_file(self):
        mock_target = mock.Mock()
        fakeio_session = fakeio.FakeIOSession()
        fakeio_session.intercept_regex(re.compile("^/memfile/"))
        with fakeio_session:
            record_error(mock_target, '/memfile')
        self.assertEqual(len(fakeio_session.mappings), 0)

    def test_it_should_create_a_file_if_an_error_occurs(self):
        mock_target = mock.Mock()
        mock_target.side_effect = Exception("Boom!")
        fakeio_session = fakeio.FakeIOSession()
        fakeio_session.intercept_regex(re.compile("^/memfile/"))
        with fakeio_session:
            record_error(mock_target, '/memfile')
        self.assertEqual(len(fakeio_session.mappings), 1)

    def test_created_filename_is_generated_with_gen_filename(self):
        mock_target = mock.Mock()
        e = Exception("Boom!")
        mock_target.side_effect = e
        fakeio_session = fakeio.FakeIOSession()
        fakeio_session.intercept_regex(re.compile("^/memfile/"))
        with fakeio_session, \
             mock.patch("__main__.gen_filename") as mock_gen_filename, \
             mock.patch("datetime.datetime") as mock_datetime:
             mock_gen_filename.return_value = "GeneratedFileName.txt"
             record_error(mock_target, '/memfile')
             mock_gen_filename.assert_called_with(
                e, mock_datetime.now.return_value)
        self.assertEqual(
            os.path.basename(fakeio_session.mappings.keys()[0]),
            "GeneratedFileName.txt")

    def test_content_is_same_as_repr_of_exception(self):
        mock_target = mock.Mock()
        e = Exception("Boom!")
        mock_target.side_effect = e
        fakeio_session = fakeio.FakeIOSession()
        fakeio_session.intercept_regex(re.compile("^/memfile/"))
        with fakeio_session:
            record_error(mock_target, '/memfile')
        key = fakeio_session.mappings.keys()[0]
        file = fakeio_session.mappings[key]
        self.assertEqual(file.getvalue(), repr(e))

Misuse

You should not write a function like this:

def write_something(filepath, iter):
    with open(filepath, 'w') as f:
        for value in iter:
            f.write(value)

Instead, you should write this like:

def write_something(fobj, iter):
    for value in iter:
        fobj.write(value)

With this design, you can test with StringIO. FakeIO is intended to use with the function whose role is related to opening files.

Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.