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DRAMSim2: A cycle accurate DRAM simulator
C++ TeX C Python Shell

Merge pull request #53 from cota/ini_for_dramninjas

DRAMSim: export Ini configuration getters
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docs Name change, added/modified READMEs
example_app example_app: add dramsim_test to .gitignore
ini Moved Vdd to ini file, added megsOfStorage computation for TraceBased…
traces traces: add *.trc to gitignore
.gitignore Makefile: build static library with libdramsim.a
AddressMapping.cpp AddressMapping: precompute log2 values to increase performance
AddressMapping.h Fixup email address in license headers
Bank.cpp Fix init warnings, remove echo from makefile
Bank.h Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
BankState.cpp Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
BankState.h Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
BusPacket.cpp Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
BusPacket.h Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
CSVWriter.h Fix CSVWriter output for multiple channels
Callback.h Need stdint in callback.h for library detection scripts
ClockDomain.cpp Added clock domain crosser support for arbitrary clock ratios
ClockDomain.h Added clock domain crosser support for arbitrary clock ratios
CommandQueue.cpp Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
CommandQueue.h Each instance of MultiChannelMemorySystem can now have its own log
DRAMSim.h DRAMSim: export Ini configuration getters
IniReader.cpp Merge pull request #53 from cota/ini_for_dramninjas
IniReader.h DRAMSim: export Ini configuration getters
Makefile Makefile: build static library with libdramsim.a
MemoryController.cpp Moved power parameters from global scope into MemoryController
MemoryController.h Fix CSVWriter output for multiple channels
MemorySystem.cpp AddressMapping: precompute log2 values to increase performance
MemorySystem.h Fix CSVWriter output for multiple channels
MultiChannelMemorySystem.cpp DRAMSim: export Ini configuration getters
MultiChannelMemorySystem.h DRAMSim: export Ini configuration getters
PrintMacros.cpp PrintMacros: define SHOW_SIM_OUTPUT as weak symbol
PrintMacros.h PrintMacros: define SHOW_SIM_OUTPUT as weak symbol
README Gitignore tweaks
README.pdf More README tweaks, GPL tweaks
README.tex incorporated old website stuff into tex readme (for new website)
README.txt More README tweaks, GPL tweaks
Rank.cpp Make valgrind happy again
Rank.h Make valgrind happy again
SimulatorObject.cpp Fixup email address in license headers
SimulatorObject.h Fixup email address in license headers
SystemConfiguration.h AddressMapping: precompute log2 values to increase performance
TraceBasedSim.cpp Merge pull request #52 from cota/perf_for_dramninjas
Transaction.cpp Remove the ostream from Transaction; fix SST API
Transaction.h Remove the ostream from Transaction; fix SST API
addgpl.sh incorporated old website stuff into tex readme (for new website)
comparison_gen.py Added comparison gen tool
system.ini.example A few minor code changes before 'release'

README

DRAMSim

1. About DRAMSim ---------------------------------------------------------
	DRAMSim is a cycle accurate model of a DRAM memory controller, the DRAM
	modules which comprise system storage, and the bus by which they
	communicate. All major components in a modern memory system are modeled
	as their own respective objects within the source, including: ranks,
	banks, command queue, the memory controller, etc.

	The overarching goal is to have a simulator that is extremely small,
	portable, and accurate. The simulator core has a well-defined interface
	which allows it to be CPU simulator agnostic and should be easily
	modifiably to work with any simulator.  This core has no external run
	time or build time dependencies and has been tested with g++ on Linux
	as well as g++ on Cygwin on Windows.  

2. Building DRAMSim ---------------------------------------------------------

	To build an optimized DRAMSim simply type

	$ make

	For a debug build which contains debugging symbols and verbose output, run:

	$ make DEBUG=1

	this will compile an executable called DRAMSim which can run a
	trace-based simulation. 

	To build the DRAMSim library, type: 

	$ make libdramsim.so 
	

3. Running DRAMSim -----------------------------------------------------------
	
	First, run the preprocessor on the gzipped traces:

	cd traces
	./traceParse.py k6_aoe_02_short.trc.gz

	Then go back to the DRAMSim directory and run the trace based simulator:
	cd ..
	./DRAMSim -t traces/k6_aoe_02_short.trc -s system.ini -d ini/DDR3_micron_64M_8B_x4_sg15.ini -c 10000

4. DRAMSim Output -------------------------------------------------------------

The verbosity of the DRAMSim can be customized in the ini file by turning the
various debug flags on or off in the ini file. 

Below, we have provided a detailed explanation of the simulator output.  With
all DEBUG flags enabled, the following output is displayed for each cycle
executed.  

   NOTE : BP = Bus Packet
	  T  = Transaction
	  MC = MemoryController
	  R# = Rank (index #)

-------------------------------------------------------------
 ----------------- Memory System Update ------------------
 ---------- Memory Controller Update Starting ------------ [8]
 -- R0 Receiving On Bus    : BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec7f0] r[0] b[3] row[1502] col[799]
 -- MC Issuing On Data Bus    : BP [DATA] pa[0x7edc7e0] r[0] b[2] row[2029] col[799] data[0]=
 ++ Adding Read energy to total energy
 -- MC Issuing On Command Bus : BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7f8] r[1] b[3] row[1502] col[799]
== New Transaction - Mapping Address [0x5dec800]
  Rank : 0
  Bank : 0
  Row  : 1502
  Col  : 800
 ++ Adding IDD3N to total energy [from rank 0]
 ++ Adding IDD3N to total energy [from rank 1]
== Printing transaction queue
  8]T [Read] [0x45bbfa4]
  9]T [Write] [0x55fbfa0] [5439E]
  10]T [Write] [0x55fbfa8] [1111]
== Printing bank states (According to MC)
[idle] [idle] [2029] [1502] 
[idle] [idle] [1502] [1502] 

== Printing Per Rank, Per Bank Queue
 = Rank 0
    Bank 0   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec800] r[0] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec800] r[0] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 1   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec810] r[0] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec810] r[0] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 2   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec7e0] r[0] b[2] row[1502] col[799]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7e0] r[0] b[2] row[1502] col[799]
    Bank 3   size : 1
       0]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7f0] r[0] b[3] row[1502] col[799]
 = Rank 1
    Bank 0   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec808] r[1] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec808] r[1] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 1   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec818] r[1] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec818] r[1] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 2   size : 1
       0]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7e8] r[1] b[2] row[1502] col[799]
    Bank 3   size : 0
-----------------------------------------------------



  Anything sent on the bus is encapsulated in an BusPacket (BP) object. 
  When printing, they display the following information:
			 BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec818] r[1] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
  The information displayed  is (in order):command type, physical address,
  rank #, bank#, row #, and column #.

  Lines beginning with " -- " indicate bus traffic, ie, 
     -- R0 Receiving On Bus       : BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec7f0] r[0] b[3] row[1502] col[799]
     -- MC Issuing On Data Bus    : BP [DATA] pa[0x7edc7e0] r[0] b[2] row[2029] col[799] data[0]=
     -- MC Issuing On Command Bus : BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7f8] r[1] b[3] row[1502] col[799]
  Sender and receiver are indicated and the packet being sent is detailed.


  Lines beginning with " ++ " indicate power calculations, ie, 
		 ++ Adding Read energy to total energy
 		 ++ Adding IDD3N to total energy [from rank 0]
 		 ++ Adding IDD3N to total energy [from rank 1]
  The state of the system and the actions taken determine which current
  draw is used.  for further detail about each current, see micron data-
  sheet.

	If a pending transaction is in the transaction queue, it will
  be printed, as seen below:
		 == Printing transaction queue		
  	 		1]T [Read] [0x45bbfa4]
  			2]T [Write] [0x55fbfa0] [5439E]
 			  3]T [Write] [0x55fbfa8] [1111]
  Currently, at the start of every cycle, the head of the transaction
  queue is removed, broken up into DRAM commands and placed in the
  appropriate command queues.  To do this, an address mapping scheme
  is applied to the transaction's physical address, the output of 
  which is seen below:
			== New Transaction - Mapping Address [0x5dec800]
  			 Rank : 0
				 Bank : 0
				 Row  : 1502
				 Col  : 800

  If there are pending commands in the command queue, they will be
  printed.  The output is dependent on the designated structure for
  the command queue.  For example, per-rank/per-bank queues are 
  shown below:
   = Rank 1
    Bank 0   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec808] r[1] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec808] r[1] b[0] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 1   size : 2
       0]BP [ACT] pa[0x5dec818] r[1] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
       1]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec818] r[1] b[1] row[1502] col[800]
    Bank 2   size : 1
       0]BP [READ_P] pa[0x5dec7e8] r[1] b[2] row[1502] col[799]
    Bank 3   size : 0

  The state of each bank in the system is also displayed:
    == Printing bank states (According to MC)
    [idle] [idle] [2029] [1502] 
    [idle] [idle] [1502] [1502] 
  Banks can be in many states, including idle, row active (shown
  with the row that is active), refreshing, or precharging.  These
  states will update based on the commands being sent by the 
  controller.  

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