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Introduction

FreeDV beacon:

  • Listens for FreeDV signals, then transmits a reply.
  • Supports FreeDV 1600/700C/700D modes.
  • Places the received signal files on a web server.
  • Requires a Linux machine with a sound card and RS232-PTT (or Hamlib CAT) interface to your radio.
  • Just one sound card is required.
  • Can run on machines as small as a Raspberry Pi.

When a "trigger" string is detected in the rx FreeDV text message (e.g. "hello beacon", or the beacon callsign), the beacon will transmit a signal report back to you.

It requires a "txfilename" wave file to transmit, e.g. some one saying "Hi, I am a FreeDV beacon blah blah". The signal report is encoded into the transmit text message. Make the wave file long enough so that the the signal report is repeated a few times, say 30 seconds. Transmit will stop when the "txfilename" wave file is played once.

Freebeacon saves the received audio from the radio AND the decoded audio as wavefiles. Use "wavefilewritepath" to specify where they are written. The file name is a date and time stamp. The length is limited to 60 seconds. If you set "wavefilewritepath" to a listable webserver directory the files will be available for download on the Web. To avoid filling your file system write a cron job to clean these files up once a day.

If your input audio device is stereo note we only listen to the left channel.

If you have a RS232 serial port (specified with "-c") RTS and DTR is raised on transmit to key your transmitter, and lowered for receive.

If you are using Raspberry Pi you can use one of the GPIOs for PTT control of your transmitter using the "--rpigpio" option. You need to use the BCM GPIO number so "--rpigpio 11" uses pin 23 of the GPIO connector.

Note FreeDV 700C doesn't have a text channel, so we just record the received file without triggering a Tx response.

A whole lot of code was lifted from freedv-dev for this program.

Credits

  • David Rowe, John Nunan
  • Richard Shaw - CMake
  • Bob Wisdom - Hamlib, FreeDV 700C & 700D modes
  • Initially developed Dec 2015
  • Refactored for GitHub, added Hamlib, FreeDV 700C & 700D modes in 2020

Building and Installation

  1. Dependancies:

    sudo apt install git cmake sox libsamplerate0-dev portaudio19-dev libsndfile1-dev libhamlib-dev
    
  2. Building Method 1 - installs codec 2 libraries on your system:

    Install codec2:

    git clone https://github.com/drowe67/codec2.git
    cd codec2
    mkdir build_linux
    cd build_linux
    cmake ../
    make
    sudo make install
    

    Note: On my Ubuntu 18 and RPi I had to add an extra search path to the ld.conf.d directory to match the path the codec2 .so was installed in.

    Check it has found libcodec2.so using:

    ldconfig -v | grep codec2
    

    Build FreeBeacon:

    cd ~
    git clone https://github.com/drowe67/freebeacon.git
    cd freebeacon
    mkdir build_linux
    cd build_linux
    cmake ../
    make
    
  3. Building Method 2 - without system wide codec 2 installation

    git clone https://github.com/drowe67/codec2.git
    cd codec2 && mkdir build_linux && cd build_linux
    cmake ../ && make
    

    Instruct freebeacon cmake to use local codec2 directory:

    cd ~
    git clone https://github.com/drowe67/freebeacon.git
    cd freebeacon && mkdir build_linux && cd build_linux
    cmake -DCODEC2_BUILD_DIR=~/codec2/build_linux ..
    make
    
  4. Testing:

    Plug in your USB sound card and USB RS232 devices. Use alsamixer to adjust levels on your sound card. F6 lets you select sound cards

    Usage:

      ./freebeacon -h
    

    List sound devices

      ./freebeacon -l
    

    Example usage:

      ./freebeacon -c /dev/ttyUSB1 --txfilename ~/codec2-dev/wav/vk5qi.wav --dev 4 -v --trigger hello
    

    Testing your PTT by making it jump straght into tx mode:

      ./freebeacon -c /dev/ttyUSB1 --txfilename ~/codec2-dev/wav/vk5qi.wav --dev 4 -v --trigger hello -t
    

    Testing sound cards on RPi:

    Note: Make sure your user is in the group audio, otherwise you will see no audio devices:

    $ groups
    vk5dgr audio
    

    You can add your user to the audio group with:

    $ sudo addgroup vk5dgr audio
    

    Then see if you can detect record devices:

    $ arecord -l
      
      **** List of CAPTURE Hardware Devices ****
      card 1: Audio [RIGblaster Advantage Audio], device 0: USB Audio [USB Audio]
      Subdevices: 1/1
      Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
    
    $ arecord -D hw:1,0 -f S16_LE -r 48000 test.wav
    $ aplay test.wav
    

    Testing:

    As a first step try playing freebeacon_test.wav from another PC into the freebeacon machine input, this file has the trigger string "hello" in the txt msg.

How To Generate a FreeDV 1600 Modulated Wave file

The "sox" tool converts between the wav format and the raw audio samples freedv likes. The "sox" tool will need to be installed on your Linux machine. This might be easier on a desktop Linux machine but you could try it on a Pi too.

  1. To generate the FreeDV 1600 modulated wav file prompt_1600.wav from the input voice wave file "prompt.wav":

    $ cd codec2/build_linux/src
    $ sox /path/to/prompt.wav -t .sw -r 8000 -c 1 - | ./freedv_tx 1600 - - |
    sox -t .s16 -r 8000 -c 1 - prompt_1600.wav
  2. Test decode and playback on the default sound device:

    $ ./freedv_rx 1600 prompt_1600.wav - | aplay -f S16_LE

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Automated Beacon for FreeDV that runs on a Raspberry Pi

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