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README.md

ByContract 2

NPM Build Status Join the chat at https://gitter.im/dsheiko/bycontract

byContract is a small argument validation library based on JSDOC syntax. The library is available as a UMD-compatible module. Besides, it exposes byContract function globally when window object available, meaning you can still use it in non-modular programming.

Highlights

  • Validation syntax based on JSDoc expressions
  • Entry and exit point contract validation
  • Explanatory exceptions in the style of aproba
  • Recursive structure (object) validation
  • Interface validation
  • Template tag flavor
  • Property decorators flavor
  • Can be disabled or completely cut off for production

Table of contents

Welcome ByContract

Main flavor

function pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
  validate( arguments, [
    "string",
    "!number",
    "!number",
    PdfOptionsType,
    "function=" ] );
}

Template tag flavor

function pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
  validateContract`
    {string}          ${ path }
    {!number}         ${ w }
    {!number}         ${ h }
    {#PdfOptionsType} ${ options }
    {function=}       ${ callback }
    `;
}

Property decorator flavor

class Page {
  @validateJsdoc(`
    @param {string}          path
    @param {!number}         w
    @param {!number}         h
    @param {#PdfOptionsType} options
    @param {function=}       callback
    @returns {Promise}
  `)
  pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
    return Promise.resolve();
  }
}

Where to use it

Node.js

npm install bycontract
const { validate } = require( "bycontract" );
validate( 1, "number|string" );

Browser

<script src="dist/byContract.min.js"></script>
<script>
  const { validate } =  byContract;
  validate( 1, "number|string" );
</script>

ES6 Module / Webpack

npm install bycontract
import { validate } from "bycontract";
validate( 1, "number|string" );

Syntax Overview

Main flavor

Validate arguments
validate( arguments, [ "JSDOC-EXPRESSION", "JSDOC-EXPRESSION" ] );  // ok or exception
Validate a single value (e.g. return value)
validate( value, "JSDOC-EXPRESSION" ); // ok or exception
Example
import { validate } from "bycontract";

const PdfOptionsType = {
  scale: "?number"
}

/**
 * Example
 * @param {string} path
 * @param {!number} w
 * @param {!number} h
 * @param {PdfOptionsType} options
 * @param {function=} callback
 */
function pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
  validate( arguments, [
    "string",
    "!number",
    "!number",
    PdfOptionsType,
    "function=" ] );
  //...
  const returnValue = Promise.resolve();
  return validate( returnValue, "Promise" );
}

pdf( "/tmp/test.pdf", 1, 1, { scale: 1 } );

// Test it

pdf( "/tmp/test.pdf", "1", 1, { scale: 1 } ); // ByContractError: Argument #1: expected non-nullable but got string

Template Tag flavor

validateContract`
    {JSDOC-EXPRESSION} ${ var1 }
    {JSDOC-EXPRESSION} ${ var2 }
`;
Example
import { validate, typedef } from "bycontract";

typedef("#PdfOptionsType", {
  scale: "number"
});

function pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
  validateContract`
    {string}          ${ path }
    {!number}         ${ w }
    {!number}         ${ h }
    {#PdfOptionsType} ${ options }
    {function=}       ${ callback }
    `;
}

or you can copy/paste from JSDoc:

function pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
  validateContract`
    @param {string}          ${ path }
    @param {!number}         ${ w }
    @param {!number}         ${ h }
    @param {#PdfOptionsType} ${ options }
    @param {function=}       ${ callback }
    `;
}

Property Decorator flavor

@validateJsdoc`
    @param {JSDOC-EXPRESSION} param1
    @param {JSDOC-EXPRESSION} param2
`;
Example
import { validate, typedef } from "bycontract";

typedef("#PdfOptionsType", {
  scale: "number"
});

class Page {
  @validateJsdoc(`
    @param {string}          path
    @param {!number}         w
    @param {!number}         h
    @param {#PdfOptionsType} options
    @param {function=}       callback
    @returns {Promise}
  `)
  pdf( path, w, h, options, callback ) {
    return Promise.resolve();
  }
}
const page = new Page();
page.pdf( "/tmp/test.pdf", "1", 1, { scale: 1 } );
// ByContractError:
// Method: pdf, parameter w: expected non-nullable but got string

This solution requires legacy decorators proposal support. You can get it with following Babel configuration

{
  presets: [
    [ "@babel/preset-env" ]
  ],
  plugins: [
    [ "@babel/plugin-proposal-decorators", { "legacy": true } ]
  ]
}

Types

Primitive Types

You can use one of primitive types: *, array, string, undefined, boolean, function, nan, null, number, object, regexp

validate( true, "boolean" );
// or
validate( true, "Boolean" );
validate( null, "boolean" ); // ByContractError: expected boolean but got null

const fn = () => validate( arguments, [ "boolean", "*" ]);
fn( null, "any" ); // ByContractError: Argument #0: expected boolean but got null

Union Types

validate( 100, "string|number|boolean" ); // ok
validate( "foo", "string|number|boolean" ); // ok
validate( true, "string|number|boolean" ); // ok
validate( [], "string|number|boolean" );
// ByContractError: expected string|number|boolean but failed on each:
// expected string but got array, expected number but got array, expected boolean but got array

Optional Parameters

function foo( bar, baz ) {
  validate( arguments, [ "number=", "string=" ] );
}
foo(); // ok
foo( 100 ); // ok
foo( 100, "baz" ); // ok
foo( 100, 100 ); // ByContractError: Argument #1: expected string but got number
foo( "bar", "baz" ); // ByContractError: Argument #0: expected number but got string

Array Expression

validate( [ 1, 1 ], "Array.<number>" ); // ok
validate( [ 1, "1" ], "Array.<number>" );
// ByContractError: array element 1: expected number but got string
// or
validate( [ 1, 1 ], "number[]" ); // ok
validate( [ 1, "1" ], "number[]" );
// ByContractError: array element 1: expected number but got string

Object Expression

validate( { foo: "foo", bar: "bar" }, "Object.<string, string>" ); // ok
validate( { foo: "foo", bar: 100 }, "Object.<string, string>" );
// ByContractError: object property bar: expected string but got number

Structure

validate({
  foo: "foo",
  bar: 10
}, {
  foo: "string",
  bar: "number"
}); // ok

validate({
  foo: "foo",
  bar: {
    quiz: [10]
  }
}, {
  foo: "string",
  bar: {
    quiz: "number[]"
  }
}); // ok

validate({
  foo: "foo",
  bar: 10
}, {
  foo: "string",
  bar: "number"
}); // ByContractError:  property #bar expected number but got null

Interface validation

You can validate if a supplied value is an instance of a declared interface:

class MyClass {}
const instance = new MyClass();

validate( instance, MyClass ); // ok
class MyClass {}
class Bar {}
const instance = new MyClass();

validate( instance, Bar );
// ByContractError: expected instance of Bar but got instance of MyClass

When the interface is globally available you can set contract as a string:

const instance = new Date();
validate( instance, "Date" ); // ok

//..
validate( node, "HTMLElement" ); // ok
//..
validate( ev, "Event" ); // ok

Globally available interfaces can also be used in Array/Object expressions:

validate( [ new Date(), new Date(), new Date() ], "Array.<Date>" ); // ok

Nullable Type

validate( 100, "?number" ); // ok
validate( null, "?number" ); // ok

Validation Exceptions

import { validate, Exception } from "bycontract";
try {
  validate( 1, "NaN" );
} catch( err ) {
  console.log( err instanceof Error ); // true
  console.log( err instanceof TypeError ); // true
  console.log( err instanceof Exception ); // true
  console.log( err.name ); // ByContractError
  console.log( err.message ); // expected nan but got number
}

Combinations

Sometimes we allow function to accept different sequences of types. Let’s take an example:

function andLogAndFinish( spec, tracker, done ) {
  validate( "SOF|SZF|OOF|OZF", [ spec, tracker, done ] )
  //...
}

Where the following sequences of types valid:

  • string, object, function
  • string, null, function
  • object, object, function
  • object, null, function
import { validateCombo } from "bycontract";

const CASE1 = [ "string", TRACKER_OPTIONS, "function" ],
      CASE2 = [ "string", null, "function" ],
      CASE3 = [ SPEC_OPTIONS, TRACKER_OPTIONS, "function" ],
      CASE4 = [ SPEC_OPTIONS, null, "function" ];

validateCombo( arguments, [ CASE1, CASE2, CASE3, CASE4 ] );

Function validateCombo throws exception when none of the cases is valid

Custom Types

Pretty much like with JSDoc @typedef one can declare a custom type and use it as a contract.

Validating against a Union Type

Here we define a union type for values that can contain either numbers or strings that represent numbers.

import { validate, typedef } from "bycontract";
typedef( "NumberLike", "number|string" );
validate( 10, "NumberLike" ); // OK
validate( null, "NumberLike" ); // ByContractError: expected number|string but got null

Validating against a Complex Type

This example defines a type Hero that represents an object/namespace required to have properties hasSuperhumanStrength and hasWaterbreathing both of boolean type.

import { validate, typedef } from "bycontract";
typedef( "#Hero", {
  hasSuperhumanStrength: "boolean",
  hasWaterbreathing: "boolean"
});
var superman = {
  hasSuperhumanStrength: true,
  hasWaterbreathing: false
};
validate( superman, "#Hero" ); // OK

When any of properties violates the specified contract an exception thrown

var superman = {
  hasSuperhumanStrength: 42,
  hasWaterbreathing: null
};
validate( superman, "#Hero" ); // ByContractError:  property #hasSuperhumanStrength expected boolean but got number

If value misses a property of the complex type an exception thrown

var auqaman = {
  hasWaterbreathing: true
};
validate( superman, "#Hero" ); // ByContractError: missing required property #hasSuperhumanStrength

Custom Validators

Basic type validators exposed exported as is object. So you can extend it:

import { validate, is } from "bycontract";
is.email = function( val ){
  var re = /^(([^<>()[\]\\.,;:\s@"]+(\.[^<>()[\]\\.,;:\s@"]+)*)|(".+"))@((\[[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}\.[0-9]{1,3}])|(([a-zA-Z\-0-9]+\.)+[a-zA-Z]{2,}))$/;
  return re.test( val );
}
validate( "me@dsheiko.com", "email" ); // ok
validate( "bla-bla", "email" ); // ByContractError: expected email but got string

Production Environment

You can disable validation logic for production env like

import { validate, config } from "bycontract";
if ( process.env.NODE_ENV === "production" ) {
  config({ enable: false });
}

Alternatively you can fully remove the library from the production codebase with Webpack:

webpack config

const webpack = require( "webpack" ),
      TerserPlugin = require( "terser-webpack-plugin" );

module.exports = {
  mode: process.env.NODE_ENV || "development",
  ...
  optimization: {
     minimizer: [
         new TerserPlugin(),
         new webpack.NormalModuleReplacementPlugin(
          /dist\/bycontract\.dev\.js/,
          ".\/bycontract.prod.js"
        )
     ]
  }
};

building for development

npx NODE_ENV=development webpack

building for production

npx NODE_ENV=production webpack

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