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glrpt

Originally developed by Neoklis Kyriazis, glrpt provides all-in-one solution to receive, demodulate and decode LRPT images on Linux without tinkering with audio pipes and 3rd-party software as with SDR# and LRPT-decoder.

Screenshot of version 2.6.0

Requirements

Hardware

glrpt uses SoapySDR library to communicate with SDR hardware. So in principle any hardware supported by SoapySDR should work. However, only RTL-SDR, Airspy Mini and Airspy R2 units were tested quite well.

Software

In order to use glrpt one should have the following dependencies satisfied:

  • gtk+ (3.22.0 or higher)
  • glibc
  • glib (2.58 or higher)
  • SoapySDR (0.8.0 or higher). Be sure to install proper modules to get support for your specific hardware!
  • libjpeg-turbo
  • libconfig

To compile glrpt by hand be sure to have the following packages installed:

  • gcc (4.8 or higher) / clang (3.1 or higher)
  • make
  • cmake (3.12 or higher)

Installation

First of all check if glrpt is already in your distro repository. For example, on Arch Linux you can install it from AUR. If there is no package for your distro then you must compile it by hand.

Building from source code

Download latest stable release or clone master branch directly:

git clone https://github.com/dvdesolve/glrpt.git
cd glrpt

Prepare your build (for example, the following will install glrpt into /usr):

mkdir build
cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr ..

Build and install glrpt:

make
sudo make install

Now you're ready to use glrpt. You can run it from your favorite WM's menu or directly from terminal (recommended if something goes wrong because there will be additional debug info).

Usage

Config files

glrpt comes with a set of sample config files that are usually stored in /usr/share/glrpt/config (depends on installation). For more usability you can store your own config files in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/glrpt (or $HOME/.config/glrpt if XDG vars are not set). glrpt's config files use libconfig syntax. Example config files are well-documented so consult them for details.

Maximum length of string parameters in config files is limited to the 80 characters. Please use ASCII symbols only in strings! Also there are a bunch of mandatory options that should be presented in config files. They are listed below.

SDR receiver frequency (kHz)

Option name: freq; option group: receiver; valid values: 136000 <= freq <= 138000.

QPSK modulation mode

Option name: mode; option group: demodulator; valid values: "QPSK", "DOQPSK", "IDOQPSK".

QPSK transmission symbol rate (Sym/s)

Option name: rate; option group: demodulator; valid values: 50000 <= rate <= 100000.

Active APIDs

Option name: apids; option group: decoder; valid values: [64-69, 64-69, 64-69].

All missing/invalid optional settings will be set to their defaults. So minimal working configuration would be like that (Meteor-M2 example):

receiver: {
    freq = 137100
}

demodulator: {
    mode = "QPSK"
    rate = "72000"
}

decoder: {
    apids = [66, 65, 64]
}

Decoding images

Use GPredict to get passes list for the satellite of interest. Connect your SDR receiver and run glrpt. Select proper config via right-clicking in LRPT image area (system-wide configs are separated from user's configs and followed by them). Wait until satellite rises over the horizon to the decent angle and press "Start button". You can tweak gain settings during reception to get the best SNR. When the pass is over or you decided to stop click that button once again. Decoded images will be saved into $XDG_CACHE_HOME/glrpt (or in $HOME/.cache/glrpt if $XDG_CACHE_HOME is not set).

Tutorial

Here locates video tutorial on how to build, install and use glrpt.

Troubleshooting

glrpt fails to initialize device

glrpt requires connected SDR before starting decoding. Connect your receiver and repeat.

PLL never locks

Try to play with gain settings and find reasonable value to get highest SNR (use FFT waterfall as a reference). Also you can try to increase filter bandwidth in config file to somewhat higher value such as 140 kHz. One more thing you could try is to increase PLL lock threshold.

Poor signal quality

Be sure to properly install and tune your antenna. V-dipole setup is the most simplest solution. Also you can try turnstile, double cross and QFH antennas. Switching to manual gain setting can help you to get decent SNR.

My images are rotated upside-down!

If you've catched South-to-North satellite pass you will end up with flipped image. Use invert feature that glrpt provides: right-click on image area in GUI and select menu entry "Invert image".

Additional information

Current Meteor status

You can monitor current status of Meteor satellites and operational characteristics here.

More info about Meteor-M2 satellite

This page contains quite detailed characteristics of the Meteor-M2 mission including description of instruments installed on the satellite and its operational parameters.

Meteor-3M satellite programme

You could learn about past, current and future missions of Meteor-3M satellite programme here.

About

Interactive GUI application for receiving, decoding and displaying LRPT images from the Russian Meteor-M type of weather satellites

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