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Binary String Toolkit (BST). Quickly and easily convert binary strings for all your exploit development needs. 😎
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Binary String Toolkit


The Binary String Toolkit or BST for short is a rather simple utility to convert binary strings to various formats suitable for inclusions in source codes, such as those used to develop exploits and Proof of Concepts in the security field.


  • Convert and dump binary files to standard output in a binary string format.
  • Convert a plain hexadecimal input string to an hex escaped version.
  • Generate a sequence of bad characters for detecting bad chars in buffers.
  • Limit the width of binary strings for a better readability of your exploit codes.
  • Format binary strings in your favorite programming or scripting language's syntax, such as:
    • C/C++
    • Python
    • PowerShell
  • Perform automatic variable block indentation ready for copy/paste inclusions.


  • POSIX C Library
  • C Compiler
    • GCC
    • LLVM Clang
  • GNU Make
  • Git


To build and install the 'bstrings' binary on your system, simply do:

$ git clone
$ cd bst
$ make
# by default, bstrings is installed in /usr/local/bin.
$ sudo make install


The below example show how an assembled shellcode can be quickly dumped (-D) to standard output in a hexadecimal escaped (-x) binary string of 16 hexadecimal digits width (or 8 bytes), with Python syntax formatting and an indentation level of 4 space characters:

$ bstrings --verbose -x -D lnx-execve-setreuid-x86_64 -w8 -i 4 --syntax=python
[*] Convert hexadecimal input to an escaped binary string.
[+] Binary string width is limited to 8 bytes.
[+] Output binary string using python language syntax.
[+] Indentation level set to 4 space character(s).
    shellcode =  ""
    shellcode += "\x31\xc0\x48\x89\xc7\x48\x89\xc6"
    shellcode += "\x48\x89\xc2\xb0\x71\x0f\x05\x31"
    shellcode += "\xc0\x50\x48\xbb\x2f\x62\x69\x6e"
    shellcode += "\x2f\x2f\x73\x68\x53\x48\x89\xe7"
    shellcode += "\x50\x48\x89\xe6\x57\x48\x89\xe2"
    shellcode += "\xb0\x3b\x0f\x05"

You can also use bstrings to output an automatically indented bad character sequence, and thus in your favorite programming language:

$ bstrings --verbose -b -w12 -i 4 --syntax=c -n badchar
[*] Generating bad character binary string.
[+] Binary string width is limited to 12 bytes.
    unsigned char badchar[] =

For a list of supported command-line options, simply execute bstrings with the --help switch:

$ bstrings --help
Usage: bstrings [OPTION]...
 Convert input to specified binary string format.

 At least one of the below options must be given:
    -D, --dump-file=FILE    Convert and Dump RAW content of file FILE
    -x, --hex-escape        Escape input hexadecimal string
    -b, --gen-badchar       Generate a bad character sequence string
 The below switches are optional:
    -f, --file=FILE         Read hex input from file FILE instead of stdin
    -w, --width=BYTES       Break binary strings to specified length in bytes
    -s, --syntax=LANG       Output variable using syntax of LANG
    -i, --indent=LENGTH     Perform indentation for given character length
    -n, --var-name=VAR      Specify string variable name (verbose mode)
    -h, --help              Display this help
       --interactive        Enter interactive mode
       --verbose            Enable verbose output
       --version            Print version information

 The below languages are supported (case-sensitive):
    C                       C Programming Language
    python                  Python Programming Language
    powershell              PowerShell Automation and Scripting Language


Feel free to contribute to this project by submitting your codes and by reporting issues and bugs

Software License

This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

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