Skip to content


Switch branches/tags


Failed to load latest commit information.
Latest commit message
Commit time

Hermes Reliable Replication Protocol

This is the publicly available artifact repository supporting the ASPLOS'20 paper "Hermes: A Fast, Fault-Tolerant and Linearizable Replication Protocol". The repository contains both code to experimentally evaluate Hermes(KV) and complete Hermes TLA+ specifications which can be used to verify Hermes correctness via model-checking.

top picks available functional stars

license license last commit follow on Twitter


author = {Katsarakis, Antonios and Gavrielatos, Vasilis and Katebzadeh, M.R. Siavash and Joshi, Arpit and Dragojevic, Aleksandar and Grot, Boris and Nagarajan, Vijay},
title = {Hermes: A Fast, Fault-Tolerant and Linearizable Replication Protocol},
year = {2020},
publisher = {Association for Computing Machinery},
address = {New York, NY, USA},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems},
pages = {201–217},
numpages = {17}

High Perfomance Features

  • Reads: i) Local ii) Load-balanced (served by any replica)
  • Updates (Writes and RMWs): i) Inter-key concurrent ii) Decentralized iii) Fast (1rtt commit -- any replica)
  • Writes: iv) Non-conflicting (i.e., never abort)

Consistency and Properties

Linearizable reads, writes and RMWs with the following properties:

  1. Writes: from a live replica always commit after Invalidating (and getting acknowledgments from) the rest live replicas.
  2. RMWs: at most one of possible concurrent RMWs to a key can commit, and this only once all acknowledgments from live replicas are gathered.
  3. Reads: return the local value if the targeted keys are found in the Valid state and the coordinator was considered live at the time of reading. The later can be ensured locally if the coordinator has a lease for (and is part of) the membership.

Fault Tolerance

Coupling Invalidations with per-key logical timestamps (i.e., Lamport clocks) and propagating the value to be updated with the invalidation message (early value propagation), Hermes allows any replica blocked by an update (write or RMW) to safely replay the update and unblock it self and the rest of followers.

Hardware dependencies

A homogeneous cluster of x86_64 nodes interconnected via RDMA network cards and switched (tested on "Mellanox ConnectX-4" Infiniband infrastructure).

Software requirements

Linux OS (tested on Ubuntu 18.04 4.15.0-55-generic) with root access.

The software is tested using the following version of Mellanox OFED RDMA drivers MLNX_OFED_LINUX-4.4-

Third-party libraries that you will require to run the experiments include:

  1. parallel (Cluster management scripts only)
  2. libmemcached-dev (used to exchange QP informations for the setup of RDMA connections)
  3. libnuma-dev (for mbind)


On every node:

  1. Install Mellanox OFED ibverbs drivers
  2. ./hermes/bin/

On manager (just pick on node in the cluster):

  1. Fill variables in /hermes/exec/
  2. Configure setup and default parameters in /hermes/include/hermes/config.h
  3. From /hermes/exec/ compile hermesKV through make
  4. scp hermesKV and the configured in the /hermes/exec/ directory of all other nodes in the cluster.


cd hermes/exec; make

Warning: Do not compile through cmake; instead use the Makefile in exec/ directory.


Run first on manager: ./ <experiment_parameters>

Then run on all other member nodes ./ <experiment_parameters>

Note that some members will eagerly terminate if experiment uses smaller number of nodes than specified in

An experiment example for three nodes 12 worker threads and 35% write ratio would be as follows: ./ -W 12 -w 350 -M 3 Supported command-line arguments for the experiments are detailed in the script.


Hermes is based on HERD/MICA design as an underlying KVS, the code of which we have adapted to implement HermesKV.

Other Implementations of Hermes


Antonios Katsarakis: |


Hermes: a fault-tolerant replication protocol, implemented over RDMA, guaranteeing linearizability and achieving low latency and high throughput.








No packages published