Official sunxi OpenEmbedded layer for Allwinner-based boards.
This layer depends on the additional layer:
Tested with core-image-base.
- Nicolas Aguirre email@example.com
- Enrico Butera firstname.lastname@example.org
- Sergey Lapin email@example.com
Kernel / U-Boot Version
Most Allwinner devices and hardware are supported in mainline kernel and U-Boot, so this layer builds mainline by default. There is a custom U-Boot and Kernel version for sunxi devices which includes some special drivers not mainlined. These versions are rather old (3.4 for kernel and 2014.04 for U-Boot), but may support more functions and devices than current mainline
If you want to switch back to sunxi versions for some reasons (no device tree available, unsupported hardware), change the file /conf/machine/include/sunxi.inc and set
PREFERRED_PROVIDER_u-boot="u-boot-sunxi" PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/bootloader="u-boot-sunxi" PREFERRED_PROVIDER_virtual/kernel="linux-sunxi"
If you already have built the mainline versions it might be necessary to reset the build directories with:
bitbake -c clean linux bitbake -c clean u-boot
The default machine settings are meant to be the lowest common denominator, maximizing generality. Significantly better performance (2x-3x) can be achieved with the following settings:
For Allwinner A20 (Cubieboard2/CubieTruck), the following tuning options are recommended:
Enable hardfloat, thumb2 and neon capabilities
DEFAULTTUNE = "cortexa7hf-neon-vfpv4"
This tuning profile takes advantage of the Allwinner A20 hardfloat, neon and vfpv4 capabilities.
Change CPU governor to ondemand, and tune settings
echo ondemand > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_governor echo 336000 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq echo 912000 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq #More aggressive #echo 1008000 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_max_freq echo 40 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/ondemand/up_threshold echo 200000 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpufreq/ondemand/sampling_rate
This code changes the default CPU governor from fantasy to ondemand, and tunes its settings, as recommended at http://linux-sunxi.org/Cpufreq
For additional discussion, see https://github.com/linux-sunxi/meta-sunxi/issues/25