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Dapr workshop

This repository contains several hands-on assignments that will introduce you to Dapr. You will start with a simple microservices application that contains a number of services. In each assignment, you will change a part of the application so it works with Dapr (or "rub some Dapr on it" as Donovan Brown would say). The Dapr building blocks you will be working with are:

  • Service invocation
  • State-management
  • Publish / Subscribe
  • Bindings
  • Secrets management

Because Dapr can be used from several programming languages, we added 3 versions of the hands-on assignments to the workshop:

  • C# (.NET)
  • Java
  • Python

Before starting the workshop, please choose a language you want to use and follow the instructions for that language. You will be using Dapr in self-hosted mode.

The domain

For the assignments you will be working with a speeding-camera setup as can be found on several Dutch highways. This is an overview of the fictitious setup you're simulating:

Speeding cameras

There's 1 entry-camera and 1 exit-camera per lane. When a car passes an entry-camera, the license-number of the car and the timestamp is registered.

When the car passes an exit-camera, this timestamp is also registered by the system. The system then calculates the average speed of the car based on the entry- and exit-timestamp. If a speeding violation is detected, a message is sent to the Central Fine Collection Agency (or CJIB in Dutch). They will retrieve the information of the owner of the vehicle and send him or her a fine.


In order to simulate this in code, the following services are defined:


  • The Camera Simulation simulates passing cars.
  • The Traffic Control Service offers 2 HTTP endpoints: /entrycam and /exitcam. These endpoints can be used simulate a car passing the entry- or exit-cam.
  • The Fine Collection Service offers 1 HTTP endpoint: /collectfine for collecting fines.
  • The Vehicle Registration Service offers 1 HTTP endpoint: /getvehicleinfo/{license-number} for getting the vehicle- and owner-information of a vehicle.

The way the simulation works is depicted in the sequence diagram below:

Sequence diagram

  1. The Camera Simulation generates a random license-number and sends a VehicleRegistered message (containing this license-number, a random entry-lane (1-3) and the timestamp) to the /entrycam endpoint of the TrafficControlService.
  2. The TrafficControlService stores the VehicleState (license-number and entry-timestamp).
  3. After some random interval, the Camera Simulation sends a VehicleRegistered message to the /exitcam endpoint of the TrafficControlService (containing the license-number generated in step 1, a random exit-lane (1-3) and the exit timestamp).
  4. The TrafficControlService retrieves the VehicleState that was stored at vehicle entry.
  5. The TrafficControlService calculates the average speed of the vehicle using the entry- and exit-timestamp. It also stores the VehicleState with the exit timestamp for audit purposes, but this is left out of the sequence diagram for clarity.
  6. If the average speed is above the speed-limit, the TrafficControlService calls the /collectfine endpoint of the FineCollectionService. The request payload will be a SpeedingViolation containing the license-number of the vehicle, the identifier of the road, the speeding-violation in KMh and the timestamp of the violation.
  7. The FineCollectionService calculates the fine for the speeding-violation.
  8. The FineCollectionSerivice calls the /vehicleinfo/{license-number} endpoint of the VehicleRegistrationService with the license-number of the speeding vehicle to retrieve its vehicle- and owner-information.
  9. The FineCollectionService sends a fine to the owner of the vehicle by email.

All actions described in this sequence are logged to the console during execution so you can follow the flow.

End-state with Dapr applied

After completing all the assignments, the architecture has been changed to work with Dapr and should look like this:

Dapr setup

  1. For doing request/response type communication between the FineCollectionService and the VehicleRegistrationService, the service invocation building block is used.
  2. For sending speeding violations to the FineCollectionService, the publish and subscribe building block is used. RabbitMQ is used as message broker.
  3. For storing the state of a vehicle, the state management building block is used. Redis is used as state store.
  4. Fines are sent to the owner of a speeding vehicle by email. For sending the email, the Dapr SMTP output binding is used.
  5. The Dapr input binding for MQTT is used to send simulated car info to the TrafficControlService. Mosquitto is used as MQTT broker.
  6. The FineCollectionService needs credentials for connecting to the smtp server and a license key for a fine calculator component. It uses the secrets management building block with the local file component to get the credentials and the license key.

The sequence diagram below shows how the solution will work with Dapr:

Sequence diagram with Dapr

If during the workshop you are lost on what the end result of an assignment should be, come back to this README to see the end result.

Getting started with the workshop


In order to get most value out of the workshop, make sure you have the prerequisites installed on your machine before the workshop starts. Install the General prerequisites first. Then, select the technology stack you are going to use for executing the workshop assignments and install the prerequisites for that technology stack.


All scripts in the instructions are PowerShell scripts. If you're working on a Mac, it is recommended to install PowerShell for Mac:


For the .NET assignments:


For the Java assignments:


For the Python assignments:


The workshop has been tested with the following versions:

Attribute Details
Dapr runtime version v1.8.4
Dapr CLI version v1.8.1
.NET version .NET 6 (SDK 6.0.300)
Java version Java 16
Python version 3.9.6
Dapr SDK for .NET version v1.8.0
Dapr SDK for Java version v1.3.0
Dapr SDK for Python version v1.3.0


Every assignment is contained in a separate folder in this repo. Each folder contains the description of the assignment that you can follow.

It is important you work through all the assignments in order and don't skip any assignments. The instructions for each assignment rely on the fact that you have finished the previous assignments successfully.

You will be provided with a starting point for the workshop. This starting point is a working version of application in which the services use plain HTTP to communicate with each-other and state is stored in memory. With each assignment of the workshop, you will add a Dapr building block to the solution.

Every assignment offers instructions on how to complete the assignment. With the exception of assignment 1, each assignment offers two versions of the instructions: the DIY version and the step-by-step version. The DIY version just states the outcome you need to achieve and no further instructions. It's entirely up to you to achieve the goals with the help of the Dapr documentation. The step-by-step version describes exactly what you need to change in the application step-by-step. It's up to you to pick an approach. If you pick the DIY approach and get stuck, you can always go to the step-by-step instructions for some help.

Integrated terminal

During the workshop, you should be working in 1 instance of VS Code. You will use the integrated terminal in VS Code extensively. All terminal commands have been tested on a Windows machine with the integrated Powershell terminal in VS Code. If you have any issues with the commands on Linux or Mac, please create an issue or a PR to add the appropriate command.

Prevent port collisions

During the workshop you will run the services in the solution on your local machine. To prevent port-collisions, all services listen on a different HTTP port. When running the services with Dapr, you need additional ports for HTTP and gRPC communication with the sidecars. By default these ports are 3500 and 50001. But to prevent confusion, you'll use totally different port numbers in the assignments. If you follow the instructions, the services will use the following ports for their Dapr sidecars to prevent port collisions:

Service Application Port Dapr sidecar HTTP port Dapr sidecar gRPC port
TrafficControlService 6000 3600 60000
FineCollectionService 6001 3601 60001
VehicleRegistrationService 6002 3602 60002

If you're doing the DIY approach, make sure you use the ports specified in the table above.

The ports can be specified on the command-line when starting a service with the Dapr CLI. The following command-line flags can be used:

  • --app-port
  • --dapr-http-port
  • --dapr-grpc-port

If you're on Windows with Hyper-V enabled, you might run into an issue that you're not able to use one (or more) of these ports. This could have something to do with aggressive port reservations by Hyper-V. You can check whether or not this is the case by executing this command:

netsh int ipv4 show excludedportrange protocol=tcp

If you see one (or more) of the ports shown as reserved in the output, fix it by executing the following commands in an administrative terminal:

dism.exe /Online /Disable-Feature:Microsoft-Hyper-V
netsh int ipv4 add excludedportrange protocol=tcp startport=6000 numberofports=3
netsh int ipv4 add excludedportrange protocol=tcp startport=3600 numberofports=3
netsh int ipv4 add excludedportrange protocol=tcp startport=60000 numberofports=3
dism.exe /Online /Enable-Feature:Microsoft-Hyper-V /All

Getting started

Now it's time for you to get your hands dirty and start with the first assignment. The source code that contains the starting point for the workshop is situated in a different repository. There is a separate repository for each of the programming languages that the workshop is available in:

Follow the instructions below to get started:

  1. Clone the source code repository for the programming language you want to use to a local folder on your machine. For example:

    git clone

    From now on, this folder is referred to as the 'source code' folder.

  2. Before starting with the assignments, I suggest you check out the code of the different services. All folders used in the assignments are specified relative to the root of the source code folder.

  3. Start with assignment 1.

Dapr for .NET Developers

If you want to learn more about Dapr after doing the workshop, you can read the book "Dapr for .NET developers" that was co-authored by the creators of this workshop. Although the book is targeted at .NET developers, it covers all the concepts and generic APIs of Dapr. So it should also be useful for developers that use a different technology stack.

Dowload the PDF Read it online

Dapr for .NET Developers


Workshop that teaches how to apply Dapr to an existing .NET, Java or Python based microservices application.