Electroneum: the secure, private, mobile based cryptocurrency
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 * fix epee & cryptonote burning bug
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Copyright (c) 2017-2018, The Electroneum Project Copyright (c) 2014-2017, The Monero Project
Portions Copyright (c) 2012-2013, The Cryptonote developers

Development Resources


Electroneum is a private, secure, untraceable, mobile based cryptocurrency. You are your bank, you control your funds, and nobody can trace your transfers unless you allow them to do so.

Privacy: Electroneum uses a cryptographically sound system to allow you to send and receive funds without your transactions being easily revealed on the blockchain (the ledger of transactions that everyone has). This ensures that your purchases, receipts, and all transfers remain absolutely private by default.

Security: Using the power of a distributed peer-to-peer consensus network, every transaction on the network is cryptographically secured. Individual wallets have a 25 word mnemonic seed that is only displayed once, and can be written down to backup the wallet. Wallet files are encrypted with a passphrase to ensure they are useless if stolen.

Untraceability: By taking advantage of ring signatures, a special property of a certain type of cryptography, Electroneum is able to ensure that transactions are not only untraceable, but have an optional measure of ambiguity that ensures that transactions cannot easily be tied back to an individual user or computer.

About this Project

This is the core implementation of Electroneum. It is open source and completely free to use without restrictions, except for those specified in the license agreement below. There are no restrictions on anyone creating an alternative implementation of Electroneum that uses the protocol and network in a compatible manner.

As with many development projects, the repository on Github is considered to be the "staging" area for the latest changes. Before changes are merged into that branch on the main repository, they are tested by individual developers in their own branches, submitted as a pull request, and then subsequently tested by contributors who focus on testing and code reviews. That having been said, the repository should be carefully considered before using it in a production environment, unless there is a patch in the repository for a particular show-stopping issue you are experiencing. It is generally a better idea to use a tagged release for stability.

Anyone is welcome to contribute to Electroneum's codebase! If you have a fix or code change, feel free to submit it as a pull request directly to the "master" branch. In cases where the change is relatively small or does not affect other parts of the codebase it may be merged in immediately by any one of the collaborators. On the other hand, if the change is particularly large or complex, it is expected that it will be discussed at length either well in advance of the pull request being submitted, or even directly on the pull request.




If you want to help out, see CONTRIBUTING for a set of guidelines.

Scheduled software upgrades

Software upgrade block height Date Fork version Minimum Electroneum version Recommended Electroneum version Details
307500 2018-05-30 v6 v2.0.0.0 v2.0.0.0 Disable Mixin, Disable RingCT, Base Fee to 0.10 from 0.01, 120s Block Time, Anti-Asic Resistance
324500 2018-07-05 v7 v2.1.0.0 v2.1.0.0 Enable ASIC

X's indicate that these details have not been determined as of commit date.

Vulnerability Response Process

See HackerOne.

Installing Electroneum from a Package

Packages are available for

  • Ubuntu and snap supported systems, via a community contributed build.

    snap install electroneum --beta

Installing a snap is very quick. Snaps are secure. They are isolated with all of their dependencies. Snaps also auto update when a new version is released.

  • Arch Linux (via AUR):

  • Docker

      docker build -t electroneum .
      # either run in foreground
      docker run -it -v /electroneum/chain:/root/.electroneum -v /electroneum/wallet:/wallet -p 26967:26967 electroneum
      # or in background
      docker run -it -d -v /electroneum/chain:/root/.electroneum -v /electroneum/wallet:/wallet -p 26967:26967 electroneum

Packaging for your favorite distribution would be a welcome contribution!

Compiling Electroneum from Source


The following table summarizes the tools and libraries required to build. A few of the libraries are also included in this repository (marked as "Vendored"). By default, the build uses the library installed on the system, and ignores the vendored sources. However, if no library is found installed on the system, then the vendored source will be built and used. The vendored sources are also used for statically-linked builds because distribution packages often include only shared library binaries (.so) but not static library archives (.a).

Dep Min. Version Vendored Debian/Ubuntu Pkg Arch Pkg Optional Purpose
GCC 4.7.3 NO build-essential base-devel NO
CMake 3.0.0 NO cmake cmake NO
pkg-config any NO pkg-config base-devel NO
Boost 1.58 NO libboost-all-dev boost NO C++ libraries
OpenSSL basically any NO libssl-dev openssl NO sha256 sum
libunbound 1.4.16 YES libunbound-dev unbound NO DNS resolver
libminiupnpc 2.0 YES libminiupnpc-dev miniupnpc YES NAT punching
libunwind any NO libunwind8-dev libunwind YES Stack traces
liblzma any NO liblzma-dev xz YES For libunwind
ldns 1.6.17 NO libldns-dev ldns YES SSL toolkit
expat 1.1 NO libexpat1-dev expat YES XML parsing
GTest 1.5 YES libgtest-dev^ gtest YES Test suite
Doxygen any NO doxygen doxygen YES Documentation
Graphviz any NO graphviz graphviz YES Documentation

[^] On Debian/Ubuntu libgtest-dev only includes sources and headers. You must build the library binary manually. This can be done with the following command sudo apt-get install libgtest-dev && cd /usr/src/gtest && sudo cmake . && sudo make && sudo mv libg* /usr/lib/

Build instructions

Electroneum uses the CMake build system and a top-level Makefile that invokes cmake commands as needed.

On Linux and OS X

  • Install the dependencies

  • Change to the root of the source code directory and build:

      cd electroneum

    Optional: If your machine has several cores and enough memory, enable parallel build by running make -j<number of threads> instead of make. For this to be worthwhile, the machine should have one core and about 2GB of RAM available per thread.

  • The resulting executables can be found in build/release/bin

  • Add PATH="$PATH:$HOME/electroneum/build/release/bin" to .profile

  • Run electroneum with electroneumd --detach

  • Optional: build and run the test suite to verify the binaries:

      make release-test

    NOTE: coretests test may take a few hours to complete.

  • Optional: to build binaries suitable for debugging:

       make debug
  • Optional: to build statically-linked binaries:

       make release-static
  • Optional: build documentation in doc/html (omit HAVE_DOT=YES if graphviz is not installed):

      HAVE_DOT=YES doxygen Doxyfile

On Windows:

Binaries for Windows are built on Windows using the MinGW toolchain within MSYS2 environment. The MSYS2 environment emulates a POSIX system. The toolchain runs within the environment and cross-compiles binaries that can run outside of the environment as a regular Windows application.

Preparing the Build Environment

  • Download and install the MSYS2 installer, either the 64-bit or the 32-bit package, depending on your system.

  • Open the MSYS shell via the MSYS2 Shell shortcut

  • Update packages using pacman:

      pacman -Syuu  
  • Exit the MSYS shell using Alt+F4

  • Edit the properties for the MSYS2 Shell shortcut changing "msys2_shell.bat" to "msys2_shell.cmd -mingw64" for 64-bit builds or "msys2_shell.cmd -mingw32" for 32-bit builds

  • Restart MSYS shell via modified shortcut and update packages again using pacman:

      pacman -Syuu  
  • Install dependencies:

    To build for 64-bit Windows:

      pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-toolchain make mingw-w64-x86_64-cmake mingw-w64-x86_64-boost

    To build for 32-bit Windows:

      pacman -S mingw-w64-i686-toolchain make mingw-w64-i686-cmake mingw-w64-i686-boost
  • Open the MingW shell via MinGW-w64-Win64 Shell shortcut on 64-bit Windows or MinGW-w64-Win64 Shell shortcut on 32-bit Windows. Note that if you are running 64-bit Windows, you will have both 64-bit and 32-bit MinGW shells.


  • If you are on a 64-bit system, run:

      make release-static-win64
  • If you are on a 32-bit system, run:

      make release-static-win32
  • The resulting executables can be found in build/release/bin

Building Portable Statically Linked Binaries

By default, in either dynamically or statically linked builds, binaries target the specific host processor on which the build happens and are not portable to other processors. Portable binaries can be built using the following targets:

  • make release-static-64 builds binaries on Linux on x86_64 portable across POSIX systems on x86_64 processors
  • make release-static-32 builds binaries on Linux on x86_64 or i686 portable across POSIX systems on i686 processors
  • make release-static-armv8 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv8 processors
  • make release-static-armv7 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv7 processors
  • make release-static-armv6 builds binaries on Linux portable across POSIX systems on armv6 processors
  • make release-static-win64 builds binaries on 64-bit Windows portable across 64-bit Windows systems
  • make release-static-win32 builds binaries on 64-bit or 32-bit Windows portable across 32-bit Windows systems

Running electroneumd

The build places the binary in bin/ sub-directory within the build directory from which cmake was invoked (repository root by default). To run in foreground:


To list all available options, run ./bin/electroneumd --help. Options can be specified either on the command line or in a configuration file passed by the --config-file argument. To specify an option in the configuration file, add a line with the syntax argumentname=value, where argumentname is the name of the argument without the leading dashes, for example log-level=1.

To run in background:

./bin/electroneumd --log-file electroneumd.log --detach

To run as a systemd service, copy electroneumd.service to /etc/systemd/system/ and electroneumd.conf to /etc/. The example service assumes that the user electroneum exists and its home is the data directory specified in the example config.

If you're on Mac, you may need to add the --max-concurrency 1 option to electroneum-wallet-cli, and possibly electroneumd, if you get crashes refreshing.

Using Tor

Whilst Electroneum isn't made to integrate with Tor, it can be used wrapped with torsocks, by setting the following configuration parameters and environment variables:

  • --p2p-bind-ip on the command line or p2p-bind-ip= in electroneumd.conf to disable listening for connections on external interfaces.
  • --no-igd on the command line or no-igd=1 in electroneumd.conf to disable IGD (UPnP port forwarding negotiation), which is pointless with Tor.
  • DNS_PUBLIC=tcp or DNS_PUBLIC=tcp://x.x.x.x where x.x.x.x is the IP of the desired DNS server, for DNS requests to go over TCP, so that they are routed through Tor. When IP is not specified, electroneumd uses the default list of servers defined in src/common/dns_utils.cpp.
  • TORSOCKS_ALLOW_INBOUND=1 to tell torsocks to allow monerod to bind to interfaces to accept connections from the wallet. On some Linux systems, torsocks allows binding to localhost by default, so setting this variable is only necessary to allow binding to local LAN/VPN interfaces to allow wallets to connect from remote hosts. On other systems, it may be needed for local wallets as well.
  • Do NOT pass --detach when running through torsocks with systemd, (see utils/systemd/electroneumd.service for details).
  • If you use the wallet with a Tor daemon via the loopback IP (eg,, then use --untrusted-daemon unless it is your own hidden service. Example command line to start electroneumd through Tor: DNS_PUBLIC=tcp torsocks electroneumd --p2p-bind-ip --no-igd

Using Tor on Tails

TAILS ships with a very restrictive set of firewall rules. Therefore, you need to add a rule to allow this connection too, in addition to telling torsocks to allow inbound connections. Full example:

 sudo iptables -I OUTPUT 2 -p tcp -d -m tcp --dport 26968 -j ACCEPT
 DNS_PUBLIC=tcp torsocks ./electroneumd --p2p-bind-ip --no-igd --rpc-bind-ip \
     --data-dir /home/amnesia/Persistent/your/directory/to/the/blockchain