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%%
%% %CopyrightBegin%
%%
%% Copyright Ericsson AB 2005-2011. All Rights Reserved.
%%
%% The contents of this file are subject to the Erlang Public License,
%% Version 1.1, (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
%% compliance with the License. You should have received a copy of the
%% Erlang Public License along with this software. If not, it can be
%% retrieved online at http://www.erlang.org/.
%%
%% Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS"
%% basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See
%% the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
%% under the License.
%%
%% %CopyrightEnd%
%%
-module(httpd_request).
-include_lib("inets/src/http_lib/http_internal.hrl").
-include("httpd.hrl").
-include("httpd_internal.hrl").
-export([
parse/1,
whole_body/2,
validate/3,
update_mod_data/5,
body_data/2
]).
%% Callback API - used for example if the header/body is received a
%% little at a time on a socket.
-export([
parse_method/1, parse_uri/1, parse_version/1, parse_headers/1,
whole_body/1
]).
%%%=========================================================================
%%% Internal application API
%%%=========================================================================
parse([Bin, MaxSizes]) ->
?hdrt("parse", [{bin, Bin}, {max_sizes, MaxSizes}]),
parse_method(Bin, [], MaxSizes, []);
parse(Unknown) ->
?hdrt("parse", [{unknown, Unknown}]),
exit({bad_args, Unknown}).
%% Functions that may be returned during the decoding process
%% if the input data is incompleate.
parse_method([Bin, Method, MaxSizes, Result]) ->
parse_method(Bin, Method, MaxSizes, Result).
parse_uri([Bin, URI, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result]) ->
parse_uri(Bin, URI, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result).
parse_version([Bin, Rest, Version, MaxSizes, Result]) ->
parse_version(<<Rest/binary, Bin/binary>>, Version, MaxSizes,
Result).
parse_headers([Bin, Rest, Header, Headers, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result]) ->
parse_headers(<<Rest/binary, Bin/binary>>,
Header, Headers, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result).
whole_body([Bin, Body, Length]) ->
whole_body(<<Body/binary, Bin/binary>>, Length).
%% Separate the body for this request from a possible piplined new
%% request and convert the body data to "string" format.
body_data(Headers, Body) ->
ContentLength = list_to_integer(Headers#http_request_h.'content-length'),
case size(Body) - ContentLength of
0 ->
{binary_to_list(Body), <<>>};
_ ->
<<BodyThisReq:ContentLength/binary, Next/binary>> = Body,
{binary_to_list(BodyThisReq), Next}
end.
%%-------------------------------------------------------------------------
%% validate(Method, Uri, Version) -> ok | {error, {bad_request, Reason} |
%% {error, {not_supported, {Method, Uri, Version}}
%% Method = "HEAD" | "GET" | "POST" | "TRACE" | "PUT" | "DELETE"
%% Uri = uri()
%% Version = "HTTP/N.M"
%% Description: Checks that HTTP-request-line is valid.
%%-------------------------------------------------------------------------
validate("HEAD", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ _N) ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("GET", Uri, []) -> %% Simple HTTP/0.9
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("GET", Uri, "HTTP/0.9") ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("GET", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ _N) ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("PUT", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ _N) ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("DELETE", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ _N) ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("POST", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ _N) ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate("TRACE", Uri, "HTTP/1." ++ N) when hd(N) >= $1 ->
validate_uri(Uri);
validate(Method, Uri, Version) ->
{error, {not_supported, {Method, Uri, Version}}}.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% The request is passed through the server as a record of type mod
%% create it.
%% ----------------------------------------------------------------------
update_mod_data(ModData, Method, RequestURI, HTTPVersion, Headers)->
ParsedHeaders = tagup_header(Headers),
PersistentConn = get_persistens(HTTPVersion, ParsedHeaders,
ModData#mod.config_db),
{ok, ModData#mod{data = [],
method = Method,
absolute_uri = format_absolute_uri(RequestURI,
ParsedHeaders),
request_uri = format_request_uri(RequestURI),
http_version = HTTPVersion,
request_line = Method ++ " " ++ RequestURI ++
" " ++ HTTPVersion,
parsed_header = ParsedHeaders,
connection = PersistentConn}}.
%%%========================================================================
%%% Internal functions
%%%========================================================================
parse_method(<<>>, Method, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_method - empty bin",
[{method, Method}, {max_sizes, MaxSizes}, {result, Result}]),
{?MODULE, parse_method, [Method, MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_method(<<?SP, Rest/binary>>, Method, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_method - SP begin",
[{rest, Rest},
{method, Method},
{max_sizes, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
parse_uri(Rest, [], 0, MaxSizes,
[string:strip(lists:reverse(Method)) | Result]);
parse_method(<<Octet, Rest/binary>>, Method, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_method",
[{octet, Octet},
{rest, Rest},
{method, Method},
{max_sizes, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
parse_method(Rest, [Octet | Method], MaxSizes, Result).
parse_uri(_, _, CurrSize, {MaxURI, _}, _)
when (CurrSize > MaxURI) andalso (MaxURI =/= nolimit) ->
?hdrt("parse_uri",
[{current_size, CurrSize},
{max_uri, MaxURI}]),
%% We do not know the version of the client as it comes after the
%% uri send the lowest version in the response so that the client
%% will be able to handle it.
HttpVersion = "HTTP/0.9",
{error, {uri_too_long, MaxURI}, HttpVersion};
parse_uri(<<>>, URI, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_uri - empty bin",
[{uri, URI},
{current_size, CurrSize},
{max_sz, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
{?MODULE, parse_uri, [URI, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_uri(<<?SP, Rest/binary>>, URI, _, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_uri - SP begin",
[{uri, URI},
{max_sz, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
parse_version(Rest, [], MaxSizes,
[string:strip(lists:reverse(URI)) | Result]);
%% Can happen if it is a simple HTTP/0.9 request e.i "GET /\r\n\r\n"
parse_uri(<<?CR, _Rest/binary>> = Data, URI, _, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_uri - CR begin",
[{uri, URI},
{max_sz, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
parse_version(Data, [], MaxSizes,
[string:strip(lists:reverse(URI)) | Result]);
parse_uri(<<Octet, Rest/binary>>, URI, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
?hdrt("parse_uri",
[{octet, Octet},
{uri, URI},
{curr_sz, CurrSize},
{max_sz, MaxSizes},
{result, Result}]),
parse_uri(Rest, [Octet | URI], CurrSize + 1, MaxSizes, Result).
parse_version(<<>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_version, [<<>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_version(<<?LF, Rest/binary>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_version(<<?CR, ?LF, Rest/binary>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result);
parse_version(<<?CR, ?LF, Rest/binary>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result) ->
parse_headers(Rest, [], [], 0, MaxSizes,
[string:strip(lists:reverse(Version)) | Result]);
parse_version(<<?CR>> = Data, Version, MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_version, [Data, Version, MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_version(<<Octet, Rest/binary>>, Version, MaxSizes, Result) ->
parse_version(Rest, [Octet | Version], MaxSizes, Result).
parse_headers(_, _, _, CurrSize, {_, MaxHeaderSize}, Result)
when CurrSize > MaxHeaderSize, MaxHeaderSize =/= nolimit ->
HttpVersion = lists:nth(3, lists:reverse(Result)),
{error, {header_too_long, MaxHeaderSize}, HttpVersion};
parse_headers(<<>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_headers, [<<>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?LF,Body/binary>>, [], [], CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?CR,?LF,Body/binary>>, [], [], CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<?LF,?LF,Body/binary>>, [], [], CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?CR,?LF,Body/binary>>, [], [], CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?CR,?LF,Body/binary>>, [], [], _, _, Result) ->
NewResult = list_to_tuple(lists:reverse([Body, {#http_request_h{}, []} |
Result])),
{ok, NewResult};
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?CR,?LF,Body/binary>>, Header, Headers, _,
_, Result) ->
HTTPHeaders = [lists:reverse(Header) | Headers],
RequestHeaderRcord =
http_request:headers(HTTPHeaders, #http_request_h{}),
NewResult =
list_to_tuple(lists:reverse([Body, {RequestHeaderRcord,
HTTPHeaders} | Result])),
{ok, NewResult};
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF,?CR>> = Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_headers, [Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_headers(<<?LF>>, [], [], CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF>>, [], [], CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result);
%% There where no headers, which is unlikely to happen.
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF>>, [], [], _, _, Result) ->
NewResult = list_to_tuple(lists:reverse([<<>>, {#http_request_h{}, []} |
Result])),
{ok, NewResult};
parse_headers(<<?LF>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF>> = Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_headers, [Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_headers(<<?LF, Octet, Rest/binary>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF, Octet, Rest/binary>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<?CR,?LF, Octet, Rest/binary>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
parse_headers(Rest, [Octet], [lists:reverse(Header) | Headers],
CurrSize + 1, MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<?CR>> = Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
{?MODULE, parse_headers, [Data, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result]};
parse_headers(<<?LF>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result) ->
%% If ?CR is is missing RFC2616 section-19.3
parse_headers(<<?CR, ?LF>>, Header, Headers, CurrSize,
MaxSizes, Result);
parse_headers(<<Octet, Rest/binary>>, Header, Headers,
CurrSize, MaxSizes, Result) ->
parse_headers(Rest, [Octet | Header], Headers, CurrSize + 1,
MaxSizes, Result).
whole_body(Body, Length) ->
case size(Body) of
N when N < Length, Length > 0 ->
{?MODULE, whole_body, [Body, Length]};
N when N >= Length, Length >= 0 ->
%% When a client uses pipelining trailing data
%% may be part of the next request!
%% Trailing data will be separated from
%% the actual body in body_data/2.
{ok, Body}
end.
%% Prevent people from trying to access directories/files
%% relative to the ServerRoot.
validate_uri(RequestURI) ->
UriNoQueryNoHex =
case string:str(RequestURI, "?") of
0 ->
(catch http_uri:decode(RequestURI));
Ndx ->
(catch http_uri:decode(string:left(RequestURI, Ndx)))
end,
case UriNoQueryNoHex of
{'EXIT',_Reason} ->
{error, {bad_request, {malformed_syntax, RequestURI}}};
_ ->
Path = format_request_uri(UriNoQueryNoHex),
Path2 = [X||X<-string:tokens(Path, "/\\"),X=/="."],
validate_path( Path2,0, RequestURI)
end.
validate_path([], _, _) ->
ok;
validate_path([".." | _], 0, RequestURI) ->
{error, {bad_request, {forbidden, RequestURI}}};
validate_path([".." | Rest], N, RequestURI) ->
validate_path(Rest, N - 1, RequestURI);
validate_path([_ | Rest], N, RequestURI) ->
validate_path(Rest, N + 1, RequestURI).
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% There are 3 possible forms of the reuqest URI
%%
%% 1. * When the request is not for a special assset. is is instead
%% to the server itself
%%
%% 2. absoluteURI the whole servername port and asset is in the request
%%
%% 3. The most common form that http/1.0 used abs path that is a path
%% to the requested asset.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
format_request_uri("*")->
"*";
format_request_uri("http://" ++ ServerAndPath) ->
remove_server(ServerAndPath);
format_request_uri("HTTP://" ++ ServerAndPath) ->
remove_server(ServerAndPath);
format_request_uri(ABSPath) ->
ABSPath.
remove_server([]) ->
"/";
remove_server([$\/|Url])->
case Url of
[]->
"/";
_->
[$\/|Url]
end;
remove_server([_|Url]) ->
remove_server(Url).
format_absolute_uri("http://"++ Uri, _)->
"HTTP://" ++ Uri;
format_absolute_uri(OrigUri = "HTTP://" ++ _, _)->
OrigUri;
format_absolute_uri(Uri,ParsedHeader)->
case proplists:get_value("host", ParsedHeader) of
undefined ->
nohost;
Host ->
Host++Uri
end.
get_persistens(HTTPVersion,ParsedHeader,ConfigDB)->
case httpd_util:lookup(ConfigDB, keep_alive, true) of
true->
case HTTPVersion of
%%If it is version prio to 1.1 kill the conneciton
"HTTP/1." ++ NList ->
case proplists:get_value("connection", ParsedHeader,
"keep-alive") of
%%if the connection is not ordered to go down
%%let it live The keep-alive value is the
%%older http/1.1 might be older Clients that
%%use it.
"keep-alive" when hd(NList) >= 49 ->
?DEBUG("CONNECTION MODE: ~p",[true]),
true;
"close" ->
?DEBUG("CONNECTION MODE: ~p",[false]),
false;
_Connect ->
?DEBUG("CONNECTION MODE: ~p VALUE: ~p",
[false, _Connect]),
false
end;
_ ->
?DEBUG("CONNECTION MODE: ~p VERSION: ~p",
[false, HTTPVersion]),
false
end;
_ ->
false
end.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
%% tagup_header
%%
%% Parses the header of a HTTP request and returns a key,value tuple
%% list containing Name and Value of each header directive as of:
%%
%% Content-Type: multipart/mixed -> {"Content-Type", "multipart/mixed"}
%%
%% But in http/1.1 the field-names are case insencitive so now it must be
%% Content-Type: multipart/mixed -> {"content-type", "multipart/mixed"}
%% The standard furthermore says that leading and traling white space
%% is not a part of the fieldvalue and shall therefore be removed.
%%----------------------------------------------------------------------
tagup_header([]) -> [];
tagup_header([Line|Rest]) -> [tag(Line, [])|tagup_header(Rest)].
tag([], Tag) ->
{http_util:to_lower(lists:reverse(Tag)), ""};
tag([$:|Rest], Tag) ->
{http_util:to_lower(lists:reverse(Tag)), string:strip(Rest)};
tag([Chr|Rest], Tag) ->
tag(Rest, [Chr|Tag]).
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