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README.md

Übersicht

Keep an eye on what's happening on your machine and in the world.

For general info check out the Übersicht website.

Writing Widgets

In essence, widgets are JavaScript modules that expose a few key properties and methods. They need to be defined in a single file with a .jsx extension for Übersicht to pick them up. Previously, widgets could be written in CoffeeScript and are still supported. Check the old documentation for details. Übersicht will listen to file changes inside your widget directory, so you can edit widgets and see the result live.

Widget rendering is done using React and it's JSX syntax. Simple widget state is managed for you by Übersicht, but for more advanced widgets you can manage state using a Redux-like pattern. You dispatch events, which get processed by a single updateState function which returns the new state, which is passed to the render function of your widget.

State is kept when you modify your widget, which allows for live coding. Any changes to the UI of your widget will be immediatly visible. One drawback (at least with the current implementation) is that if you change the shape of your state you mighy have to 'Refresh all Widgets' from the app menu for your widget to work.

You can also include node modules and split your widget into separate files using ESM syntax. Any file that is in a directory called /node_modules, /lib or /src will be treated as a module and will not show up as a separate widget.

The following properties and methods are supported:

command

A string containing the shell command to be executed, or
a function(dispatch : function) which eventually dispatches an event, or undefined meaning that no command will be executed for this widget.

For example:

export const command = "echo Hello World";

Watch out for quotes inside commands. Often they need to properly escaped, like:

export const command = "ps axo \"rss,pid,ucomm\" | sort -nr | head -n3";

Example using a command function:

export const command = (dispatch) =>
  fetch('some/url.json)')
    .then((response) => {
      dispatch({ type: 'FETCH_SUCCEDED', data: response.json() });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      dispatch({ type: 'FETCH_FAILED', error: error });
    });

The first and only argument passed to a command function is a dispatch function, which you can use to dispatch plain JasvaScript objects, called events, to be picked up by your updateState function.

refreshFrequency

An number specifying how often the above command is executed.

It defines the delay in milliseconds between consecutive commands executions. Example:

export const refreshFrequency = 1000; // widget will run command once a second

The default is 1000 (1s). If set to false the widget won't refresh automatically.

className

An object or string defining the CSS rules to applied to the root of your widget.

It is most commonly used control the position of your widget. It is converted to a CSS class name using the Emotion CSS-in-JS library. Read more about styling your widgets here.

export const className = {
  top: 0,
  left: 0,
  color: '#fff'
}

or

export const className = `
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  color: #fff;
`

Note that widgets are positioned absolute in relation to the screen (minus the menu bar), so a widget with top: 0 and left: 0 will be positioned in the top left corner of the screen, just below the menu bar.

render : props

A function(props : object) to render your widget.

If you know React functional components you know how render works. The props passed to this function is whatever state your updateState function returns. If you don't provide your own updateState function, the default props that are passed are output and error, containing the output your command produced and any error that might have occurred.

export const render = ({output, error}) => {
  return error ? (
    <div>Something went wrong: <strong>{String(error)}</strong></div>
  ) : (
    <div>
      <h1>We got some output!</h1>
      <p>{output}</p>
    </div>
  );
}

The default implementation of render just returns output.

updateState : event, previousState

A function(event : object, previousState : object) implementing the state update behavior of this widget.

When provided, this function must return the next state, which will be passed as props to your render function. The default function will return output and error from the event object.

export const updateState = (event, previousState) => {
  if (event.error) {
    return { ...previousState, warning: `We got an error: ${event.error}` };
  }
  const [cpuPct, processName] = event.output.split(',');
  return {
    cpuPct: parseFloat(cpuPct),
    processName
  };
}

This will pass a props object containing cpuPct and processName to the render function. If an error occurred, it will pass the previous state plus a warning message.

If your widget has more complex state logic, for example because it is fetching data from several different sources, it is a good idea to add a type property to your events. You can use this type to decide how to update your state. For example:

export const updateState = (event, previousState) => {
  switch(event.type) {
    case 'CO2_FETCHED': return updateCo2(event.output, previousState);
    case 'TEMPERATURE_FETCHED': return updateTemp(event.output, previousState);
    default: {
      return previousState;
    }
  }
}

This example also shows that you can make use of functions to further break down your state update logic.

initialState

An object with the initial state of your widget.

If you provide a custom updateState function you might need to define the initial state that gets passed on initial render of the widget. before any command has been run.

export const initialState = { output: 'fetching data...' };

The default initial state is { output: '' }.

init : dispatch

A function(dispatch : function) that is called the first time your widget loads. Many widgets won't need this, but you can use this function to perform any initial setup for more advanced use cases. For example, instead of relying on periodic shell commands, you might want to open and listen to WebSocket events to update your widget.

export const init = (dispatch) => {
  const socket = new WebSocket('ws://localhost:8080');

  socket.addEventListener('message',  (event) => {
    dispatch({type: 'MESSAGE_RECEIVED', data: event.data});
  });
}

Styling Widgets

Uebersicht comes bundled with Emotion (version 9). It exposes it's css and styled functions via the uebersicht module.

As described above, you can use className to style and position the root node of your widget. For further styling you can do something like this:

import { css } from "uebersicht"

const header = css`
  font-family: Ubuntu;
  font-size: 20px;
  text-align: center;
  color: white;
`

const boxes = css`
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
`

const box = css({
  height: "40px",
  width: "40px",
  "& + &": {
    marginLeft: "5px"
  }
})

export const className = `
  left: 20px;
  top: 20px;
  width: 200px;
`

export const initialState = { colors: ["DeepPink", "DeepSkyBlue", "Coral"] }

export const render = ({ colors }) => {
  return (
    <div>
      <h1 className={header}>Some colored boxes</h1>
      <div className={boxes}>
        {colors.map((color, idx) => (
          <div className={`${box} ${css({ background: color })}`} key={idx} />
        ))}
      </div>
    </div>
  )
}

Alternatively, you can also make use of Emotion's styles components:

import { styled } from "uebersicht"

const Header = styled("h1")`
  font-family: Ubuntu;
  font-size: 20px;
  text-align: center;
  color: white;
`

const Boxes = styled("div")`
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
`

const Box = styled("div")(props => ({
  height: "40px",
  width: "40px",
  background: props.color,
  marginRight: "5px"
}))

export const className = `
  left: 20px;
  top: 20px;
  width: 200px;
`

export const initialState = { colors: ["DeepPink", "DeepSkyBlue", "Coral"] }

export const render = ({ colors }) => {
  return (
    <div>
      <Header>Some colored boxes</Header>
      <Boxes>
        {colors.map((color, idx) => (
          <Box color={color} key={idx} />
        ))}
      </Boxes>
    </div>
  )
}

Finally, since you can also install and import any module you like, you can use your favorite styling library instead.

Running Shell Commands

If need to run extra shell commands without using the command property, you can import the run function from the uebersicht module.

It returns a Promise, which will resolve to the output of the command (stdout) or reject if any error occurred.

import { run } from 'uebersicht'

export const render => (props, dispatch) {
  return (
    <button
      onClick={() => {
        run('echo "new output"')
          .then((output) => dispatch({type: 'OUTPUT_UPDATED', output}))
      }}
    >
      Update
    </button>
  );
}

Note that in order to receive click events you need to configure an interaction shortcut and give Übersicht accessibility access.

Geolocation API

While the WebView used by Übersicht seems to provide the standard HTML5 geolocation API, it is not functional and there seems to be no way to enable it. Übersicht now provides a custom implementation, which tries to follow the standard implementation as closely as possible. However, so far it provides only the basics and might still be somewhat unstable. The api can be found under window.geolocation (instead of window.navigator.geolocation). And supports the following methods

geolocation.getCurrentPosition(callback)
geolocation.watchPosition(callback)
geolocation.clearWatch(watchId)

Check the documentation for details on how to use these methods. The main difference to the standard API is that none of them accept options (the accuracy for position data is always set to the highest) and error reporting has not be implemented yet.

However, in a addition to the standard Position object provided by the standard API, Übersicht provides an extra address property with the following fields:

  • Street
  • City
  • ZIP
  • Country
  • State
  • CountryCode

Built In Proxy Server

If you like you make Ajax requests to an external site without using a command, you can make use of the built in proxy server. It is running on http://127.0.0.1:41417 and can be used as follows:

command: (callback) ->
  proxy = "http://127.0.0.1:41417/"
  server = "http://example.com:8080"
  path = "/getsomejson"
  $.get proxy + server + path, (json) ->
    callback null, json

Scripting Support

Übersicht has AppleScript support since version 1.1.45. To get detailed information on what you can script, open the Script Editor and add Übersicht to the Library (use Window -> Library to show). Here are a few examples of what you can do with AppleScript:

tell application "Übersicht" to refresh

refreshes all widgets.

tell application "Übersicht" to refresh widget id "my-widget"

refreshes widget with id "my-widget".

tell application "Übersicht" to every widget

lists all widgets.

tell application "Übersicht" to set hidden of widget id "top-cpu-coffee" to false

hides the widget with ID "top-cpu-coffee"

Typing the umlaut 'Ü'

Unfortunately OS X seems to use a different UTF-8 code point for the Ü in its file system than you get by typing it normally (or by copy pasting it from here). There are three ways you can get the correct character:

  • use the Script Editor of OS X and add Übersicht to its library. Once you initiate a new script via the Editor it will contain the correct name of the app.
  • while Übersicht is running, list the process using ps ax | grep sicht and copy paste the name from there
  • rename the app to whatever you like ('Uebersicht' would be the correct spelling without using the umlaut)

Building Übersicht

To build Übersicht you will need to have NodeJS and a few dependencies installed:

setup

Currently, the project supports node 8.

If you already have node, you'll have to

brew unlink node

Now, install node 8 using homebrew

brew install node@8 && brew link --force node@6

then run

npm install

git and unicode characters

Git might not like the umlaut (ü) in some of the path names and will constantly show them as untracked files. To get rid of this issue, I had to use

git config core.precomposeunicode false

However, the common advice is to set this to true. It might depend on the OS and git version which one to use.

building

The code base consists of two parts, a cocoa app and a NodeJS app inside server/. To build the node app separately, use npm run release. This happens automatically every time you build using XCode.

The node app can be run standalone using

coffee server/server.coffee -d <path/to/widget/dir> -p <port>

Building in Xcode

The first time opening the project in Xcode you might see this message when trying to build: "The run destination My Mac is not valid for Running the scheme 'Übersicht'."

Click on Uebersicht in the project navigator and then select the menu Editor > Validate Settings... and click Perform Changes.

You can then attempt to build, you may then be presented with code sign issues, click Fix Issue to continue.

Now you need to remove the code signing shell script, select the Übersicht target and under Build Phases remove the code in the Code Sign Frameworks section.

You should now be able to build successfully.

There is one last step on the Node.js side to complete. For the sake of brevity, this link will solve your problem:

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/31254725/transport-security-has-blocked-a-cleartext-http

Legal

The source for Übersicht is released under the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

© 2019 Felix Hageloh

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