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/*
Firmata is a generic protocol for communicating with microcontrollers
from software on a host computer. It is intended to work with
any host computer software package.
To download a host software package, please click on the following link
to open the list of Firmata client libraries in your default browser.
https://github.com/firmata/arduino#firmata-client-libraries
Copyright (C) 2006-2008 Hans-Christoph Steiner. All rights reserved.
Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Paul Stoffregen. All rights reserved.
Copyright (C) 2009 Shigeru Kobayashi. All rights reserved.
Copyright (C) 2009-2016 Jeff Hoefs. All rights reserved.
Copyright (C) 2015-2016 Jesse Frush. All rights reserved.
Copyright (C) 2016 Jens B. All rights reserved.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
See file LICENSE.txt for further informations on licensing terms.
Last updated August 17th, 2017
*/
/*
README
StandardFirmataWiFi enables the use of Firmata over a TCP connection. It can be configured as
either a TCP server or TCP client.
To use StandardFirmataWiFi you will need to have one of the following
boards or shields:
- Arduino WiFi Shield (or clone)
- Arduino WiFi Shield 101
- Arduino MKR1000 board
- ESP8266 WiFi board compatible with ESP8266 Arduino core
Follow the instructions in the wifiConfig.h file (wifiConfig.h tab in Arduino IDE) to
configure your particular hardware.
Dependencies:
- WiFi Shield 101 requires version 0.7.0 or higher of the WiFi101 library (available in Arduino
1.6.8 or higher, or update the library via the Arduino Library Manager or clone from source:
https://github.com/arduino-libraries/WiFi101)
- ESP8266 requires the Arduino ESP8266 core v2.1.0 or higher which can be obtained here:
https://github.com/esp8266/Arduino
In order to use the WiFi Shield 101 with Firmata you will need a board with at least 35k of Flash
memory. This means you cannot use the WiFi Shield 101 with an Arduino Uno or any other
ATmega328p-based microcontroller or with an Arduino Leonardo or other ATmega32u4-based
microcontroller. Some boards that will work are:
- Arduino Zero
- Arduino Due
- Arduino 101
- Arduino Mega
NOTE: If you are using an Arduino WiFi (legacy) shield you cannot use the following pins on
the following boards. Firmata will ignore any requests to use these pins:
- Arduino Uno or other ATMega328 boards: (D4, D7, D10, D11, D12, D13)
- Arduino Mega: (D4, D7, D10, D50, D51, D52, D53)
- Arduino Due, Zero or Leonardo: (D4, D7, D10)
If you are using an Arduino WiFi 101 shield you cannot use the following pins on the following
boards:
- Arduino Due or Zero: (D5, D7, D10)
- Arduino Mega: (D5, D7, D10, D50, D52, D53)
*/
#include <Servo.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <Firmata.h>
/*
* Uncomment the #define SERIAL_DEBUG line below to receive serial output messages relating to your
* connection that may help in the event of connection issues. If defined, some boards may not begin
* executing this sketch until the Serial console is opened.
*/
//#define SERIAL_DEBUG
#include "utility/firmataDebug.h"
/*
* Uncomment the following include to enable interfacing with Serial devices via hardware or
* software serial.
*/
// In order to use software serial, you will need to compile this sketch with
// Arduino IDE v1.6.6 or higher. Hardware serial should work back to Arduino 1.0.
//#include "utility/SerialFirmata.h"
// follow the instructions in wifiConfig.h to configure your particular hardware
#include "wifiConfig.h"
#define I2C_WRITE B00000000
#define I2C_READ B00001000
#define I2C_READ_CONTINUOUSLY B00010000
#define I2C_STOP_READING B00011000
#define I2C_READ_WRITE_MODE_MASK B00011000
#define I2C_10BIT_ADDRESS_MODE_MASK B00100000
#define I2C_END_TX_MASK B01000000
#define I2C_STOP_TX 1
#define I2C_RESTART_TX 0
#define I2C_MAX_QUERIES 8
#define I2C_REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED -1
// the minimum interval for sampling analog input
#define MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL 1
#define MAX_CONN_ATTEMPTS 20 // [500 ms] -> 10 s
/*==============================================================================
* GLOBAL VARIABLES
*============================================================================*/
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
SerialFirmata serialFeature;
#endif
#ifdef STATIC_IP_ADDRESS
IPAddress local_ip(STATIC_IP_ADDRESS);
#endif
#ifdef SUBNET_MASK
IPAddress subnet(SUBNET_MASK);
#endif
#ifdef GATEWAY_IP_ADDRESS
IPAddress gateway(GATEWAY_IP_ADDRESS);
#endif
int connectionAttempts = 0;
bool streamConnected = false;
/* analog inputs */
int analogInputsToReport = 0; // bitwise array to store pin reporting
/* digital input ports */
byte reportPINs[TOTAL_PORTS]; // 1 = report this port, 0 = silence
byte previousPINs[TOTAL_PORTS]; // previous 8 bits sent
/* pins configuration */
byte portConfigInputs[TOTAL_PORTS]; // each bit: 1 = pin in INPUT, 0 = anything else
/* timer variables */
unsigned long currentMillis; // store the current value from millis()
unsigned long previousMillis; // for comparison with currentMillis
unsigned int samplingInterval = 19; // how often to sample analog inputs (in ms)
/* i2c data */
struct i2c_device_info {
byte addr;
int reg;
byte bytes;
byte stopTX;
};
/* for i2c read continuous mode */
i2c_device_info query[I2C_MAX_QUERIES];
byte i2cRxData[64];
boolean isI2CEnabled = false;
signed char queryIndex = -1;
// default delay time between i2c read request and Wire.requestFrom()
unsigned int i2cReadDelayTime = 0;
Servo servos[MAX_SERVOS];
byte servoPinMap[TOTAL_PINS];
byte detachedServos[MAX_SERVOS];
byte detachedServoCount = 0;
byte servoCount = 0;
boolean isResetting = false;
// Forward declare a few functions to avoid compiler errors with older versions
// of the Arduino IDE.
void setPinModeCallback(byte, int);
void reportAnalogCallback(byte analogPin, int value);
void sysexCallback(byte, byte, byte*);
/* utility functions */
void wireWrite(byte data)
{
#if ARDUINO >= 100
Wire.write((byte)data);
#else
Wire.send(data);
#endif
}
byte wireRead(void)
{
#if ARDUINO >= 100
return Wire.read();
#else
return Wire.receive();
#endif
}
/*==============================================================================
* FUNCTIONS
*============================================================================*/
void attachServo(byte pin, int minPulse, int maxPulse)
{
if (servoCount < MAX_SERVOS) {
// reuse indexes of detached servos until all have been reallocated
if (detachedServoCount > 0) {
servoPinMap[pin] = detachedServos[detachedServoCount - 1];
if (detachedServoCount > 0) detachedServoCount--;
} else {
servoPinMap[pin] = servoCount;
servoCount++;
}
if (minPulse > 0 && maxPulse > 0) {
servos[servoPinMap[pin]].attach(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), minPulse, maxPulse);
} else {
servos[servoPinMap[pin]].attach(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin));
}
} else {
Firmata.sendString("Max servos attached");
}
}
void detachServo(byte pin)
{
servos[servoPinMap[pin]].detach();
// if we're detaching the last servo, decrement the count
// otherwise store the index of the detached servo
if (servoPinMap[pin] == servoCount && servoCount > 0) {
servoCount--;
} else if (servoCount > 0) {
// keep track of detached servos because we want to reuse their indexes
// before incrementing the count of attached servos
detachedServoCount++;
detachedServos[detachedServoCount - 1] = servoPinMap[pin];
}
servoPinMap[pin] = 255;
}
void enableI2CPins()
{
byte i;
// is there a faster way to do this? would probaby require importing
// Arduino.h to get SCL and SDA pins
for (i = 0; i < TOTAL_PINS; i++) {
if (IS_PIN_I2C(i)) {
// mark pins as i2c so they are ignore in non i2c data requests
setPinModeCallback(i, PIN_MODE_I2C);
}
}
isI2CEnabled = true;
Wire.begin();
}
/* disable the i2c pins so they can be used for other functions */
void disableI2CPins() {
isI2CEnabled = false;
// disable read continuous mode for all devices
queryIndex = -1;
}
void readAndReportData(byte address, int theRegister, byte numBytes, byte stopTX) {
// allow I2C requests that don't require a register read
// for example, some devices using an interrupt pin to signify new data available
// do not always require the register read so upon interrupt you call Wire.requestFrom()
if (theRegister != I2C_REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED) {
Wire.beginTransmission(address);
wireWrite((byte)theRegister);
Wire.endTransmission(stopTX); // default = true
// do not set a value of 0
if (i2cReadDelayTime > 0) {
// delay is necessary for some devices such as WiiNunchuck
delayMicroseconds(i2cReadDelayTime);
}
} else {
theRegister = 0; // fill the register with a dummy value
}
Wire.requestFrom(address, numBytes); // all bytes are returned in requestFrom
// check to be sure correct number of bytes were returned by slave
if (numBytes < Wire.available()) {
Firmata.sendString("I2C: Too many bytes received");
} else if (numBytes > Wire.available()) {
Firmata.sendString("I2C: Too few bytes received");
}
i2cRxData[0] = address;
i2cRxData[1] = theRegister;
for (int i = 0; i < numBytes && Wire.available(); i++) {
i2cRxData[2 + i] = wireRead();
}
// send slave address, register and received bytes
Firmata.sendSysex(SYSEX_I2C_REPLY, numBytes + 2, i2cRxData);
}
void outputPort(byte portNumber, byte portValue, byte forceSend)
{
// pins not configured as INPUT are cleared to zeros
portValue = portValue & portConfigInputs[portNumber];
// only send if the value is different than previously sent
if (forceSend || previousPINs[portNumber] != portValue) {
Firmata.sendDigitalPort(portNumber, portValue);
previousPINs[portNumber] = portValue;
}
}
/* -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
* check all the active digital inputs for change of state, then add any events
* to the Stream output queue using Stream.write() */
void checkDigitalInputs(void)
{
/* Using non-looping code allows constants to be given to readPort().
* The compiler will apply substantial optimizations if the inputs
* to readPort() are compile-time constants. */
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 0 && reportPINs[0]) outputPort(0, readPort(0, portConfigInputs[0]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 1 && reportPINs[1]) outputPort(1, readPort(1, portConfigInputs[1]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 2 && reportPINs[2]) outputPort(2, readPort(2, portConfigInputs[2]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 3 && reportPINs[3]) outputPort(3, readPort(3, portConfigInputs[3]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 4 && reportPINs[4]) outputPort(4, readPort(4, portConfigInputs[4]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 5 && reportPINs[5]) outputPort(5, readPort(5, portConfigInputs[5]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 6 && reportPINs[6]) outputPort(6, readPort(6, portConfigInputs[6]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 7 && reportPINs[7]) outputPort(7, readPort(7, portConfigInputs[7]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 8 && reportPINs[8]) outputPort(8, readPort(8, portConfigInputs[8]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 9 && reportPINs[9]) outputPort(9, readPort(9, portConfigInputs[9]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 10 && reportPINs[10]) outputPort(10, readPort(10, portConfigInputs[10]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 11 && reportPINs[11]) outputPort(11, readPort(11, portConfigInputs[11]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 12 && reportPINs[12]) outputPort(12, readPort(12, portConfigInputs[12]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 13 && reportPINs[13]) outputPort(13, readPort(13, portConfigInputs[13]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 14 && reportPINs[14]) outputPort(14, readPort(14, portConfigInputs[14]), false);
if (TOTAL_PORTS > 15 && reportPINs[15]) outputPort(15, readPort(15, portConfigInputs[15]), false);
}
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// function forward declarations for xtensa compiler (ESP8266)
void enableI2CPins();
void disableI2CPins();
void reportAnalogCallback(byte analogPin, int value);
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/* sets the pin mode to the correct state and sets the relevant bits in the
* two bit-arrays that track Digital I/O and PWM status
*/
void setPinModeCallback(byte pin, int mode)
{
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == PIN_MODE_IGNORE)
return;
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == PIN_MODE_I2C && isI2CEnabled && mode != PIN_MODE_I2C) {
// disable i2c so pins can be used for other functions
// the following if statements should reconfigure the pins properly
disableI2CPins();
}
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin) && mode != PIN_MODE_SERVO) {
if (servoPinMap[pin] < MAX_SERVOS && servos[servoPinMap[pin]].attached()) {
detachServo(pin);
}
}
if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
reportAnalogCallback(PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin), mode == PIN_MODE_ANALOG ? 1 : 0); // turn on/off reporting
}
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
if (mode == INPUT || mode == PIN_MODE_PULLUP) {
portConfigInputs[pin / 8] |= (1 << (pin & 7));
} else {
portConfigInputs[pin / 8] &= ~(1 << (pin & 7));
}
}
Firmata.setPinState(pin, 0);
switch (mode) {
case PIN_MODE_ANALOG:
if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), INPUT); // disable output driver
#if ARDUINO <= 100
// deprecated since Arduino 1.0.1 - TODO: drop support in Firmata 2.6
digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW); // disable internal pull-ups
#endif
}
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_ANALOG);
}
break;
case INPUT:
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), INPUT); // disable output driver
#if ARDUINO <= 100
// deprecated since Arduino 1.0.1 - TODO: drop support in Firmata 2.6
digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW); // disable internal pull-ups
#endif
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, INPUT);
}
break;
case PIN_MODE_PULLUP:
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), INPUT_PULLUP);
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_PULLUP);
Firmata.setPinState(pin, 1);
}
break;
case OUTPUT:
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == PIN_MODE_PWM) {
// Disable PWM if pin mode was previously set to PWM.
digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), LOW);
}
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), OUTPUT);
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, OUTPUT);
}
break;
case PIN_MODE_PWM:
if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin)) {
pinMode(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), OUTPUT);
analogWrite(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), 0);
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_PWM);
}
break;
case PIN_MODE_SERVO:
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_SERVO);
if (servoPinMap[pin] == 255 || !servos[servoPinMap[pin]].attached()) {
// pass -1 for min and max pulse values to use default values set
// by Servo library
attachServo(pin, -1, -1);
}
}
break;
case PIN_MODE_I2C:
if (IS_PIN_I2C(pin)) {
// mark the pin as i2c
// the user must call I2C_CONFIG to enable I2C for a device
Firmata.setPinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_I2C);
}
break;
case PIN_MODE_SERIAL:
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
serialFeature.handlePinMode(pin, PIN_MODE_SERIAL);
#endif
break;
default:
Firmata.sendString("Unknown pin mode"); // TODO: put error msgs in EEPROM
}
// TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
}
/*
* Sets the value of an individual pin. Useful if you want to set a pin value but
* are not tracking the digital port state.
* Can only be used on pins configured as OUTPUT.
* Cannot be used to enable pull-ups on Digital INPUT pins.
*/
void setPinValueCallback(byte pin, int value)
{
if (pin < TOTAL_PINS && IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == OUTPUT) {
Firmata.setPinState(pin, value);
digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(pin), value);
}
}
}
void analogWriteCallback(byte pin, int value)
{
if (pin < TOTAL_PINS) {
switch (Firmata.getPinMode(pin)) {
case PIN_MODE_SERVO:
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin))
servos[servoPinMap[pin]].write(value);
Firmata.setPinState(pin, value);
break;
case PIN_MODE_PWM:
if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin))
analogWrite(PIN_TO_PWM(pin), value);
Firmata.setPinState(pin, value);
break;
}
}
}
void digitalWriteCallback(byte port, int value)
{
byte pin, lastPin, pinValue, mask = 1, pinWriteMask = 0;
if (port < TOTAL_PORTS) {
// create a mask of the pins on this port that are writable.
lastPin = port * 8 + 8;
if (lastPin > TOTAL_PINS) lastPin = TOTAL_PINS;
for (pin = port * 8; pin < lastPin; pin++) {
// do not disturb non-digital pins (eg, Rx & Tx)
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
// do not touch pins in PWM, ANALOG, SERVO or other modes
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == OUTPUT || Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == INPUT) {
pinValue = ((byte)value & mask) ? 1 : 0;
if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == OUTPUT) {
pinWriteMask |= mask;
} else if (Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == INPUT && pinValue == 1 && Firmata.getPinState(pin) != 1) {
// only handle INPUT here for backwards compatibility
#if ARDUINO > 100
pinMode(pin, INPUT_PULLUP);
#else
// only write to the INPUT pin to enable pullups if Arduino v1.0.0 or earlier
pinWriteMask |= mask;
#endif
}
Firmata.setPinState(pin, pinValue);
}
}
mask = mask << 1;
}
writePort(port, (byte)value, pinWriteMask);
}
}
// -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
/* sets bits in a bit array (int) to toggle the reporting of the analogIns
*/
//void FirmataClass::setAnalogPinReporting(byte pin, byte state) {
//}
void reportAnalogCallback(byte analogPin, int value)
{
if (analogPin < TOTAL_ANALOG_PINS) {
if (value == 0) {
analogInputsToReport = analogInputsToReport & ~ (1 << analogPin);
} else {
analogInputsToReport = analogInputsToReport | (1 << analogPin);
// prevent during system reset or all analog pin values will be reported
// which may report noise for unconnected analog pins
if (!isResetting) {
// Send pin value immediately. This is helpful when connected via
// ethernet, wi-fi or bluetooth so pin states can be known upon
// reconnecting.
Firmata.sendAnalog(analogPin, analogRead(analogPin));
}
}
}
// TODO: save status to EEPROM here, if changed
}
void reportDigitalCallback(byte port, int value)
{
if (port < TOTAL_PORTS) {
reportPINs[port] = (byte)value;
// Send port value immediately. This is helpful when connected via
// ethernet, wi-fi or bluetooth so pin states can be known upon
// reconnecting.
if (value) outputPort(port, readPort(port, portConfigInputs[port]), true);
}
// do not disable analog reporting on these 8 pins, to allow some
// pins used for digital, others analog. Instead, allow both types
// of reporting to be enabled, but check if the pin is configured
// as analog when sampling the analog inputs. Likewise, while
// scanning digital pins, portConfigInputs will mask off values from any
// pins configured as analog
}
/*==============================================================================
* SYSEX-BASED commands
*============================================================================*/
void sysexCallback(byte command, byte argc, byte *argv)
{
byte mode;
byte stopTX;
byte slaveAddress;
byte data;
int slaveRegister;
unsigned int delayTime;
switch (command) {
case I2C_REQUEST:
mode = argv[1] & I2C_READ_WRITE_MODE_MASK;
if (argv[1] & I2C_10BIT_ADDRESS_MODE_MASK) {
Firmata.sendString("10-bit addressing not supported");
return;
}
else {
slaveAddress = argv[0];
}
// need to invert the logic here since 0 will be default for client
// libraries that have not updated to add support for restart tx
if (argv[1] & I2C_END_TX_MASK) {
stopTX = I2C_RESTART_TX;
}
else {
stopTX = I2C_STOP_TX; // default
}
switch (mode) {
case I2C_WRITE:
Wire.beginTransmission(slaveAddress);
for (byte i = 2; i < argc; i += 2) {
data = argv[i] + (argv[i + 1] << 7);
wireWrite(data);
}
Wire.endTransmission();
delayMicroseconds(70);
break;
case I2C_READ:
if (argc == 6) {
// a slave register is specified
slaveRegister = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7);
data = argv[4] + (argv[5] << 7); // bytes to read
}
else {
// a slave register is NOT specified
slaveRegister = I2C_REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED;
data = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7); // bytes to read
}
readAndReportData(slaveAddress, (int)slaveRegister, data, stopTX);
break;
case I2C_READ_CONTINUOUSLY:
if ((queryIndex + 1) >= I2C_MAX_QUERIES) {
// too many queries, just ignore
Firmata.sendString("too many queries");
break;
}
if (argc == 6) {
// a slave register is specified
slaveRegister = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7);
data = argv[4] + (argv[5] << 7); // bytes to read
}
else {
// a slave register is NOT specified
slaveRegister = (int)I2C_REGISTER_NOT_SPECIFIED;
data = argv[2] + (argv[3] << 7); // bytes to read
}
queryIndex++;
query[queryIndex].addr = slaveAddress;
query[queryIndex].reg = slaveRegister;
query[queryIndex].bytes = data;
query[queryIndex].stopTX = stopTX;
break;
case I2C_STOP_READING:
byte queryIndexToSkip;
// if read continuous mode is enabled for only 1 i2c device, disable
// read continuous reporting for that device
if (queryIndex <= 0) {
queryIndex = -1;
} else {
queryIndexToSkip = 0;
// if read continuous mode is enabled for multiple devices,
// determine which device to stop reading and remove it's data from
// the array, shifiting other array data to fill the space
for (byte i = 0; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
if (query[i].addr == slaveAddress) {
queryIndexToSkip = i;
break;
}
}
for (byte i = queryIndexToSkip; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
if (i < I2C_MAX_QUERIES) {
query[i].addr = query[i + 1].addr;
query[i].reg = query[i + 1].reg;
query[i].bytes = query[i + 1].bytes;
query[i].stopTX = query[i + 1].stopTX;
}
}
queryIndex--;
}
break;
default:
break;
}
break;
case I2C_CONFIG:
delayTime = (argv[0] + (argv[1] << 7));
if (argc > 1 && delayTime > 0) {
i2cReadDelayTime = delayTime;
}
if (!isI2CEnabled) {
enableI2CPins();
}
break;
case SERVO_CONFIG:
if (argc > 4) {
// these vars are here for clarity, they'll optimized away by the compiler
byte pin = argv[0];
int minPulse = argv[1] + (argv[2] << 7);
int maxPulse = argv[3] + (argv[4] << 7);
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
if (servoPinMap[pin] < MAX_SERVOS && servos[servoPinMap[pin]].attached()) {
detachServo(pin);
}
attachServo(pin, minPulse, maxPulse);
setPinModeCallback(pin, PIN_MODE_SERVO);
}
}
break;
case SAMPLING_INTERVAL:
if (argc > 1) {
samplingInterval = argv[0] + (argv[1] << 7);
if (samplingInterval < MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL) {
samplingInterval = MINIMUM_SAMPLING_INTERVAL;
}
} else {
//Firmata.sendString("Not enough data");
}
break;
case EXTENDED_ANALOG:
if (argc > 1) {
int val = argv[1];
if (argc > 2) val |= (argv[2] << 7);
if (argc > 3) val |= (argv[3] << 14);
analogWriteCallback(argv[0], val);
}
break;
case CAPABILITY_QUERY:
Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
Firmata.write(CAPABILITY_RESPONSE);
for (byte pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
Firmata.write((byte)INPUT);
Firmata.write(1);
Firmata.write((byte)PIN_MODE_PULLUP);
Firmata.write(1);
Firmata.write((byte)OUTPUT);
Firmata.write(1);
}
if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin)) {
Firmata.write(PIN_MODE_ANALOG);
Firmata.write(10); // 10 = 10-bit resolution
}
if (IS_PIN_PWM(pin)) {
Firmata.write(PIN_MODE_PWM);
Firmata.write(DEFAULT_PWM_RESOLUTION);
}
if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(pin)) {
Firmata.write(PIN_MODE_SERVO);
Firmata.write(14);
}
if (IS_PIN_I2C(pin)) {
Firmata.write(PIN_MODE_I2C);
Firmata.write(1); // TODO: could assign a number to map to SCL or SDA
}
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
serialFeature.handleCapability(pin);
#endif
Firmata.write(127);
}
Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
break;
case PIN_STATE_QUERY:
if (argc > 0) {
byte pin = argv[0];
Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
Firmata.write(PIN_STATE_RESPONSE);
Firmata.write(pin);
if (pin < TOTAL_PINS) {
Firmata.write(Firmata.getPinMode(pin));
Firmata.write((byte)Firmata.getPinState(pin) & 0x7F);
if (Firmata.getPinState(pin) & 0xFF80) Firmata.write((byte)(Firmata.getPinState(pin) >> 7) & 0x7F);
if (Firmata.getPinState(pin) & 0xC000) Firmata.write((byte)(Firmata.getPinState(pin) >> 14) & 0x7F);
}
Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
}
break;
case ANALOG_MAPPING_QUERY:
Firmata.write(START_SYSEX);
Firmata.write(ANALOG_MAPPING_RESPONSE);
for (byte pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
Firmata.write(IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin) ? PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin) : 127);
}
Firmata.write(END_SYSEX);
break;
case SERIAL_MESSAGE:
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
serialFeature.handleSysex(command, argc, argv);
#endif
break;
}
}
/*==============================================================================
* SETUP()
*============================================================================*/
void systemResetCallback()
{
isResetting = true;
// initialize a defalt state
// TODO: option to load config from EEPROM instead of default
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
serialFeature.reset();
#endif
if (isI2CEnabled) {
disableI2CPins();
}
for (byte i = 0; i < TOTAL_PORTS; i++) {
reportPINs[i] = false; // by default, reporting off
portConfigInputs[i] = 0; // until activated
previousPINs[i] = 0;
}
for (byte i = 0; i < TOTAL_PINS; i++) {
// pins with analog capability default to analog input
// otherwise, pins default to digital output
if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(i)) {
// turns off pullup, configures everything
setPinModeCallback(i, PIN_MODE_ANALOG);
} else if (IS_PIN_DIGITAL(i)) {
// sets the output to 0, configures portConfigInputs
setPinModeCallback(i, OUTPUT);
}
servoPinMap[i] = 255;
}
// by default, do not report any analog inputs
analogInputsToReport = 0;
detachedServoCount = 0;
servoCount = 0;
/* send digital inputs to set the initial state on the host computer,
* since once in the loop(), this firmware will only send on change */
/*
TODO: this can never execute, since no pins default to digital input
but it will be needed when/if we support EEPROM stored config
for (byte i=0; i < TOTAL_PORTS; i++) {
outputPort(i, readPort(i, portConfigInputs[i]), true);
}
*/
isResetting = false;
}
/*
* Called when a TCP connection is either connected or disconnected.
* TODO:
* - report connected or reconnected state to host (to be added to protocol)
* - report current state to host (to be added to protocol)
*/
void hostConnectionCallback(byte state)
{
switch (state) {
case HOST_CONNECTION_CONNECTED:
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "TCP connection established" );
break;
case HOST_CONNECTION_DISCONNECTED:
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "TCP connection disconnected" );
break;
}
}
/*
* Print the status of the WiFi connection. This is the connection to the access point rather
* than the TCP connection.
*/
void printWifiStatus() {
if ( WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED )
{
DEBUG_PRINT( "WiFi connection failed. Status value: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN( WiFi.status() );
}
else
{
// print the SSID of the network you're attached to:
DEBUG_PRINT( "SSID: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN( WiFi.SSID() );
// print your WiFi shield's IP address:
DEBUG_PRINT( "IP Address: " );
IPAddress ip = WiFi.localIP();
DEBUG_PRINTLN( ip );
// print the received signal strength:
DEBUG_PRINT( "signal strength (RSSI): " );
long rssi = WiFi.RSSI();
DEBUG_PRINT( rssi );
DEBUG_PRINTLN( " dBm" );
}
}
/*
* StandardFirmataWiFi communicates with WiFi shields over SPI. Therefore all
* SPI pins must be set to IGNORE. Otherwise Firmata would break SPI communication.
* Additional pins may also need to be ignored depending on the particular board or
* shield in use.
*/
void ignorePins()
{
#ifdef IS_IGNORE_PIN
for (byte i = 0; i < TOTAL_PINS; i++) {
if (IS_IGNORE_PIN(i)) {
Firmata.setPinMode(i, PIN_MODE_IGNORE);
}
}
#endif
//Set up controls for the Arduino WiFi Shield SS for the SD Card
#ifdef ARDUINO_WIFI_SHIELD
// Arduino WiFi Shield has SD SS wired to D4
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(4), OUTPUT); // switch off SD card bypassing Firmata
digitalWrite(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(4), HIGH); // SS is active low;
#if defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
pinMode(PIN_TO_DIGITAL(53), OUTPUT); // configure hardware SS as output on MEGA
#endif //defined(__AVR_ATmega1280__) || defined(__AVR_ATmega2560__)
#endif //ARDUINO_WIFI_SHIELD
}
void initTransport()
{
// This statement will clarify how a connection is being made
DEBUG_PRINT( "StandardFirmataWiFi will attempt a WiFi connection " );
#if defined(WIFI_101)
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "using the WiFi 101 library." );
#elif defined(ARDUINO_WIFI_SHIELD)
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "using the legacy WiFi library." );
#elif defined(ESP8266_WIFI)
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "using the ESP8266 WiFi library." );
#elif defined(HUZZAH_WIFI)
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "using the HUZZAH WiFi library." );
//else should never happen here as error-checking in wifiConfig.h will catch this
#endif //defined(WIFI_101)
// Configure WiFi IP Address
#ifdef STATIC_IP_ADDRESS
DEBUG_PRINT( "Using static IP: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN( local_ip );
#if defined(ESP8266_WIFI) || (defined(SUBNET_MASK) && defined(GATEWAY_IP_ADDRESS))
stream.config( local_ip , gateway, subnet );
#else
// you can also provide a static IP in the begin() functions, but this simplifies
// ifdef logic in this sketch due to support for all different encryption types.
stream.config( local_ip );
#endif
#else
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "IP will be requested from DHCP ..." );
#endif
stream.attach(hostConnectionCallback);
// Configure WiFi security and initiate WiFi connection
#if defined(WIFI_WEP_SECURITY)
DEBUG_PRINT( "Attempting to connect to WEP SSID: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN(ssid);
stream.begin(ssid, wep_index, wep_key);
#elif defined(WIFI_WPA_SECURITY)
DEBUG_PRINT( "Attempting to connect to WPA SSID: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN(ssid);
stream.begin(ssid, wpa_passphrase);
#else //OPEN network
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "Attempting to connect to open SSID: " );
DEBUG_PRINTLN(ssid);
stream.begin(ssid);
#endif //defined(WIFI_WEP_SECURITY)
DEBUG_PRINTLN( "WiFi setup done" );
// Wait for connection to access point to be established.
while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED && ++connectionAttempts <= MAX_CONN_ATTEMPTS) {
delay(500);
DEBUG_PRINT(".");
}
printWifiStatus();
}
void initFirmata()
{
Firmata.setFirmwareVersion(FIRMATA_FIRMWARE_MAJOR_VERSION, FIRMATA_FIRMWARE_MINOR_VERSION);
Firmata.attach(ANALOG_MESSAGE, analogWriteCallback);
Firmata.attach(DIGITAL_MESSAGE, digitalWriteCallback);
Firmata.attach(REPORT_ANALOG, reportAnalogCallback);
Firmata.attach(REPORT_DIGITAL, reportDigitalCallback);
Firmata.attach(SET_PIN_MODE, setPinModeCallback);
Firmata.attach(SET_DIGITAL_PIN_VALUE, setPinValueCallback);
Firmata.attach(START_SYSEX, sysexCallback);
Firmata.attach(SYSTEM_RESET, systemResetCallback);
ignorePins();
// Initialize Firmata to use the WiFi stream object as the transport.
Firmata.begin(stream);
systemResetCallback(); // reset to default config
}
void setup()
{
DEBUG_BEGIN(9600);
initTransport();
initFirmata();
}
/*==============================================================================
* LOOP()
*============================================================================*/
void loop()
{
byte pin, analogPin;
/* DIGITALREAD - as fast as possible, check for changes and output them to the
* Stream buffer using Stream.write() */
checkDigitalInputs();
/* STREAMREAD - processing incoming messagse as soon as possible, while still
* checking digital inputs. */
while (Firmata.available()) {
Firmata.processInput();
}
// TODO - ensure that Stream buffer doesn't go over 60 bytes
currentMillis = millis();
if (currentMillis - previousMillis > samplingInterval) {
previousMillis += samplingInterval;
/* ANALOGREAD - do all analogReads() at the configured sampling interval */
for (pin = 0; pin < TOTAL_PINS; pin++) {
if (IS_PIN_ANALOG(pin) && Firmata.getPinMode(pin) == PIN_MODE_ANALOG) {
analogPin = PIN_TO_ANALOG(pin);
if (analogInputsToReport & (1 << analogPin)) {
Firmata.sendAnalog(analogPin, analogRead(analogPin));
}
}
}
// report i2c data for all device with read continuous mode enabled
if (queryIndex > -1) {
for (byte i = 0; i < queryIndex + 1; i++) {
readAndReportData(query[i].addr, query[i].reg, query[i].bytes, query[i].stopTX);
}
}
}
#ifdef FIRMATA_SERIAL_FEATURE
serialFeature.update();
#endif
stream.maintain();
}