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ESLint rule to require arrow functions to reference the 'this' keyword
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README.md

(DEPRECATED) ESLint Rule: arrow-require-this




DEPRECATION NOTICE: This project has been deprecated and merged into eslint-plugin-proper-arrows.




Build Status npm Module Dependencies devDependencies Coverage Status

Overview

The arrow-require-this ESLint Rule requires => arrow functions to reference the this keyword. It also supports a "never" configuration, which means that => arrow functions should never use this.

The main purpose of this rule is to prevent usage of => arrow functions as just function shorthand (i.e., arr.map(x => x * 2)), which some argue is a misusage. The opinion follows that: the concise syntax (with all its myriad variations) can harm readability, so instead => arrow functions should only be used when the "lexical this" behavior is needed.

Since => arrow functions don't have their own this, they treat any this reference as a normal variable (not a special keyword). That means this is just lexically looked up through any parent scopes until a valid definition of this is found -- from a normal non-arrow function, or finally in the global scope itself.

Such this behavior is referred to as "lexical this", and it is one of the main design characteristics for => arrow functions.

For example:

var o = {
    id: 42,
    getData() {
        ajax("https://some.tld/api",() => console.log(this.id));
    }
};

o.getData();   // 42

In this snippet, the => arrow function is inside a normal function and therefore looks up and adopts its this (aka, "lexical this") -- which is set to the o object by the o.getData() call. Therefore, the arrow-require-this rule would not report an error.

By contrast, the arrow-require-this rule would report an error for:

var o = {
    id: 42,
    getData() {
        ajax("https://some.tld/api",() => console.log(o.id));
    }
};

o.getData();   // 42

Here, the => arrow function is lexically closed over the o rather than using "lexical this", so it can be considered a misusage of the => arrow function merely for shorthand; rather, the callback should have just been a regular named function expression (ie, function onResp(){ console.log(o.id); }).

To pass the arrow-require-this rule without a reported error, all => arrow functions must reference a this somewhere in their concise expression body or full { .. } function body (or in its nested => arrow functions when using "nested" configuration).

Enabling The Plugin

To use arrow-require-this, load it as a plugin into ESLint and configure the rule as desired.

.eslintrc.json

To load the plugin and enable its rule via a local or global .eslintrc.json configuration file:

"plugins": [
    "@getify/arrow-require-this"
],
"rules": {
    "@getify/arrow-require-this/all": "error"
}

package.json

To load the plugin and enable its rule via a project's package.json:

"eslintConfig": {
    "plugins": [
        "@getify/arrow-require-this"
    ],
    "rules": {
        "@getify/arrow-require-this/all": "error"
    }
}

ESLint CLI parameters

To load the plugin and enable its rule via ESLint CLI parameters, use --plugin and --rule:

eslint .. --plugin='@getify/arrow-require-this' --rule='@getify/arrow-require-this/all: error' ..
eslint .. --plugin='@getify/arrow-require-this' --rule='@getify/arrow-require-this/all: [error,always]' ..

ESLint Node API

To use this plugin in Node.js with the ESLint API, require the npm module, and then (for example) pass the rule's definition to Linter#defineRule(..), similar to:

var arrowRequireThis = require("@getify/eslint-plugin-arrow-require-this");

// ..

var eslinter = new (require("eslint").Linter)();

eslinter.defineRule("@getify/arrow-require-this/all",arrowRequireThis.rules.all);

Then lint some code like this:

eslinter.verify(".. some code ..",{
    rules: {
        "@getify/arrow-require-this/all": ["error","always"]
    }
});

Inline Comments

Once the plugin is loaded, the rule can be configured using inline code comments if desired, such as:

/* eslint "@getify/arrow-require-this/all": "error" */
/* eslint "@getify/arrow-require-this/all": ["error","always"] */

Rule Configuration

The arrow-require-this rule can be configured in three modes: "nested" (default), "always", and "never".

"nested" (default) permits a this to appear lower in a nested => arrow function (i.e., x = y => z => this.foo(z)), as long as there is no non-arrow function boundary crossed.

"always" is more strict, requiring every single => arrow function to have its own this reference.

"never" is the reverse, which is that all => arrow functions are forbidden from using this.

Configuration: "nested"

To configure this rule mode (default):

"@getify/arrow-require-this/all": "error"
"@getify/arrow-require-this/all": [ "error", "nested" ]

This rule mode allows a this to appear either in the => arrow function, or nested in a chain of => arrow functions, as long as there is no non-arrow function boundary crossed in between.

These => arrow functions will all pass the rule:

var a = b => this.foo(b);

var c = d => e => this.foo(e);

var f = (g = h => this.foo(h)) => g;

These => arrow functions will each fail the rule:

var a = b => foo(b);

var c = d => this.foo(e => e);

var f = (g = h => h) => this.foo(g);

var h = i => function(){ return j => this.foo(j); };

Configuration: "always"

To configure this rule mode:

"@getify/arrow-require-this/all": [ "error", "always" ]

This rule mode requires a this reference to appear in every single => arrow function (e.g., nested this is not sufficient).

These => arrow functions will all pass the rule:

var a = b => this.foo(b);

var c = d => this.foo(e => this.bar(e));

var f = (g = h => this.foo(h)) => this.bar(g);

These => arrow functions will each fail the rule:

var a = b => foo(b);

var c = d => e => this.foo(e);

var f = g => this.foo(h => h);

var i = (j = k => k) => this.foo(j);

Note: In each of the above examples, at least one of the => arrow functions does not have its own this, hence the mode's rule failure (which doesn't consider nested this).

Configuration: "never"

To configure this rule mode:

"@getify/arrow-require-this/all": [ "error", "never" ]

This rule mode forbids a this reference from appearing in any => arrow function.

These => arrow functions will all pass the rule:

var a = b => foo(b);

var c = d => foo(e => bar(e));

var f = (g = h => foo(h)) => bar(g);

These => arrow functions will each fail the rule:

var a = b => this.foo(b);

var c = d => e => this.foo(e);

var f = g => foo(h => this.bar(h));

npm Package

To use this plugin with a global install of ESLint (recommended):

npm install -g @getify/eslint-plugin-arrow-require-this

To use this plugin with a local install of ESLint:

npm install @getify/eslint-plugin-arrow-require-this

Builds

Build Status npm Module

If you need to bundle/distribute this eslint plugin, use dist/arrow-require-this.js, which comes pre-built with the npm package distribution; you shouldn't need to rebuild it under normal circumstances.

However, if you download this repository via Git:

  1. The included build utility (scripts/build-core.js) builds (and minifies) dist/arrow-require-this.js from source.

  2. To install the build and test dependencies, run npm install from the project root directory.

  3. To manually run the build utility with npm:

    npm run build
  4. To run the build utility directly without npm:

    node scripts/build-core.js

Tests

A comprehensive test suite is included in this repository, as well as the npm package distribution. The default test behavior runs the test suite against lib/index.js.

  1. The included Node.js test utility (scripts/node-tests.js) runs the test suite.

  2. Ensure the test dependencies are installed by running npm install from the project root directory.

    • Note: Starting with npm v5, the test utility is not run automatically during this npm install. With npm v4 and before, the test utility automatically runs at this point.
  3. To run the test utility with npm:

    npm test

    Other npm test scripts:

    • npm run test:dist will run the test suite against dist/arrow-require-this.js instead of the default of lib/index.js.

    • npm run test:package will run the test suite as if the package had just been installed via npm. This ensures package.json:main properly references dist/arrow-require-this.js for inclusion.

    • npm run test:all will run all three modes of the test suite.

  4. To run the test utility directly without npm:

    node scripts/node-tests.js

Test Coverage

Coverage Status

If you have Istanbul already installed on your system (requires v1.0+), you can use it to check the test coverage:

npm run coverage

Then open up coverage/lcov-report/index.html in a browser to view the report.

To run Istanbul directly without npm:

istanbul cover scripts/node-tests.js

Note: The npm script coverage:report is only intended for use by project maintainers; it sends coverage reports to Coveralls.

License

All code and documentation are (c) 2019 Kyle Simpson and released under the MIT License. A copy of the MIT License is also included.

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