Old code for calculating (and checking) Authenticode hash in D
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Old code for calculating (and checking) Authenticode hash in D

If you'd like to compile this, you're gonna need some version of http://dsource.org/projects/tango but I don't remember which one :P (I guess 0.99.8 or earlier)

compile is d breeze with rebuild from dsss http://www.dsource.org/projects/dsss/wiki/Rebuild

I've been asked few question, so I thought I'll answer them upfront.


Both AddressRound and SizeRound are templates very special templates.

Normally in D you'd write template function like this:

template Foo(T)
    T bar(T t) {
        return t * T.sizeof;

and then instantiate it like:

void main() {
    alias Foo!(int) IntBar;
    writeln( IntBar.bar(10) );

    // or alternatively
    writeln( Foo!(double).bar(10) );

// produces 40 and 80

but D has some syntactic sugar:

If a template has exactly one member in it, and the name of that member is the same as the template name, that member is assumed to be referred to in a template instantiation:

so you can rewrite the above as:

template bar(T) {
    // renamed to Foo
    T bar(T t) {
        return t * T.sizeof;

void main() {
    alias bar!(int) intBar;
    writeln( intBar(10) );

    // or alternatively
    writeln( bar!(double)(10) ); 
    // instead of boring: bar!(double).bar(10)

// produces 40 and 80

So instantiating AddressRound template will actually produce a string... ...and as you might know, templates are calculated at compile time.

Now this is, where mixin comes into play, or more actually string mixins, so this innocent line:

    mixin (AddressRound!("rva", "VirtualAddress",       "SectionAlignment"));

actually gets evaluated at compile-time, to following method inside ImageSectionHeader class:

    uint rva() {
        uint ret=VirtualAddress;
        if (this.outer.imgopt.io32.SectionAlignment) {
            ret /= this.outer.imgopt.io32.SectionAlignment;
            ret *= this.outer.imgopt.io32.SectionAlignment;
        return ret;


The other thing is RetriveFields template.

But lets start with (old) tango.io.protocol.Reader, thanks to it, you could read from an InputStream (or few other interfaces) in following, little bit funny way:

// InputStream fp
auto read = new Reader(fp);

int count;
double pi;
char[] verse;

read (pi) (verse) (count);

// above one is actually:
// read.get(pi).get(verse).get(count);

RetriveFields is recursive template that at compile-time will produce representation of some simple struct or class, in a very specific form.

As stated in comment in code the following code

struct A { int inA_1; }
struct B { char inB_1; A inB_2; }
struct C { B inC_1; A inC_2; float inC_3; }

mixin ("read " ~ RetriveFields!(C, "ccc", 0) ~ ";");

will be evaluated (at compile-time) to following statement:

mixin ("read (ccc.inC_1.inB_1) (ccc.inC_1.inB_2.inA_1) (ccc.inC_2.inA_1) (ccc.inC_3);");

which string mixin puts into the code as:

    read (ccc.inC_1.inB_1) (ccc.inC_1.inB_2.inA_1) (ccc.inC_2.inA_1) (ccc.inC_3);

OFC, this is crazy, and normally you'd just read the struct as binary blob with proper packing/alignment.

I just thought it'll be fun to do it this way, writing it was fun indeed.

Static If + version

There are static ifs inside RetriveFields, those are part of so called conditional compilation, more on that here: http://dlang.org/version.html#StaticIfCondition

Inside calcSum.d there are also version() blocks (also part of conditional compilation) http://dlang.org/version.html#version