MUltiband Satellite Imagery for object Classification (MUSIC) to detect Hot Area
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MUSIC for HA dataset


The HotArea(HA) is a system to automatically detect hotspots (e.g., fires and volcanoes) in the world in mid-resolution satellite data and displays the results on a web-based GIS system. Currently Hotarea utilizes Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2 data in global scale and in some selected regions, respectively.

The Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Sentinel-2 Multispectral Instrument (MSI) are designed to observe solar radiance reflected by the land surface in the visible to shortwave infrared region, i.e., 0.43–2.3 μm. While the peak wavelength of solar radiance that corresponds to 6000 K is in the visible region (0.4–0.7 μm), the peak wavelength of hotspots such as fire corresponds to the shortwave infrared (SWIR, 1.3–3 μm) to midinfrared (3–8 μm) regions (Fig. 1). Therefore, at longer wavelengths, the radiance of a hotspot observed by the satellite sensor increases. Although the reflected spectral radiances in the near-infrared (NIR: 0.85 μm) and the SWIR (2.2 μm) regions correlate well on the ground surface, the SWIR radiance of a hotspot increases anomalously. Fig. 2 implies that an appropriate threshold distinguishes signals corresponding to hotspots from surface reflection. Hotarea uses this empirical characteristic to automatically detect hotspots in satellite images.

fig:Spectral radiance at various temperatures as a function of wavelength. B5–B11 are band numbers of Landsat 8.
Fig1 : Spectral radiance at various temperatures as a function of wavelength. B5–B11 are band numbers of Landsat 8.

fig: Example of the relationship between NIR and SWIR top-of-atmosphere reflectance.
Fig2 : Example of the relationship between NIR and SWIR top-of-atmosphere reflectance.

We classified the detection results into 6 categories (Fig.3.). Landsat-8 multiband images of these target areas were cropped into a 16 × 16 pixel from hot area detection point (Fig.3. Center of red boxes).

fig: class
Fig3 : Hot area categories. Center of red boxes are 16 x 16 pixel. MUSIC4HA dataset size is this.

You can download the MUSIC for HA dataset with format Tiff. More detailed exaplanations can be found in the following papers.

[1] *加藤創史・中村良介・織田篤嗣・飯島昭博・神山徹・岩田敏彰,Landsat 8データを用いた高温検知システムの開発,日本リモートセンシング学会第57回(平成26年度秋季)学術講演会, 2014年11月
[2] *Kato.S, and Nakamura.R , "Detection of thermal anomaly using Sentinel-2A data", IEEE IGARSS 2017, July 2017.
[3] *Miyamoto.H, Kato.S, Oda.A, Nakamura.R ," Automatic Classification of Hot spots on Satellite Imagery by Deep Learning", JSAI 2017,May 2017


IMPORTANT -- Please read the Terms of Use before downloading the MUSIC4HA dataset.

The dataset can be downloaded from here (12MB) .
Or type the following in the terminal.

$ wget
$ unzip

The directory configuration in the unzipped files is as follows:

		LC80050532015335LGN00_2823_dst.tif ...
		LC80150282015213LGN00_2938_dst.tif ...
		LC80170512016086LGN00_1657_dst.tif ...
		LC80170412015275LGN00_2715_dst.tif ...
		LC81150272015258LGN00_20_dst.tif ...
(same structure for train dir... )
(same structure for train dir... )


This dataset and source code are based on results obtained from a project commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO).