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* chore: convert to typescript

* Fix CJS/ESM default export compatibility

* Prettier compiled code

* Add TypeScript assertions to guarantee what we know

* We can rely on object rest/spread existing

* Make equivalent to old code

* prepack command compiles TypeScript

* Format README

Co-authored-by: Benjie Gillam <>

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This plugin simplifies field names in the PostGraphile schema; e.g. allUsers becomes simply users, User.postsByAuthorId becomes simply User.posts, and Post.userByAuthorId becomes simply

Adding this plugin to your schema is almost certainly a breaking change, so do it before you ship anything! This is the primary reason this isn't enabled by default in PostGraphile.

This plugin is recommended for all PostGraphile users.


This plugin is implemented as a single JS file that does not need to be compiled at all - you can simply copy it into your project and customise it as you see fit.

Alternatively, you can write your own inflection plugin.


Given these tables:

create table companies (
  id serial primary key,
  name text not null
create table beverages (
  id serial primary key,
  company_id int not null references companies,
  distributor_id int references companies,
  name text not null
  • Query.allCompanies 👉 Query.companies (disable via pgSimplifyAllRows = false)
  • Query.allBeverages 👉 Query.beverages
  • Beverage.companyByCompanyId 👉
  • Beverage.companyByDistributorId 👉 Beverage.distributor
  • Company.beveragesByCompanyId 👉 Company.beverages (because the company_id column follows the [table_name]_id naming convention)
  • All update mutations now accept patch instead of companyPatch / beveragePatch (disable via pgSimplifyPatch = false)
  • If you are using pgSimpleCollections = "only" then you can set pgOmitListSuffix = true to omit the List suffix
  • Fields where the singular and plural are the same and a distinct plural is required are force-pluralised ("fishes") to avoid conflicts (e.g. singularize("fish") === pluralize("fish")).

Note: Company.beveragesByDistributorId will remain, because distributor_id does not follow the [table_name]_id naming convention, but you could rename this yourself with a smart comment:

comment on constraint "beverages_distributor_id_fkey" on "beverages" is
  E'@foreignFieldName distributedBeverages';

or with a custom inflector:

module.exports = makeAddInflectorsPlugin(
    getOppositeBaseName(baseName) {
      return (
          // These are the default opposites
          parent: "child",
          child: "parent",
          author: "authored",
          editor: "edited",
          reviewer: "reviewed",

          // 👇 Add/customise this line:
          distributor: "distributed",
        }[baseName] || null


yarn add @graphile-contrib/pg-simplify-inflector


npm install --save @graphile-contrib/pg-simplify-inflector



postgraphile --append-plugins @graphile-contrib/pg-simplify-inflector


const PgSimplifyInflectorPlugin = require("@graphile-contrib/pg-simplify-inflector");

// ...

  postgraphile(process.env.AUTH_DATABASE_URL, "app_public", {
    appendPlugins: [PgSimplifyInflectorPlugin],

    // Optional customisation
    graphileBuildOptions: {
       * Uncomment if you want simple collections to lose the 'List' suffix
       * (and connections to gain a 'Connection' suffix).
      //pgOmitListSuffix: true,
       * Uncomment if you want 'userPatch' instead of 'patch' in update
       * mutations.
      //pgSimplifyPatch: false,
       * Uncomment if you want 'allUsers' instead of 'users' at root level.
      //pgSimplifyAllRows: false,
       * Uncomment if you want primary key queries and mutations to have
       * `ById` (or similar) suffix; and the `nodeId` queries/mutations
       * to lose their `ByNodeId` suffix.
      // pgShortPk: true,
    // ... other settings ...

Naming your foreign key fields

By naming your foreign key along the lines of author_id or author_fk, e.g.:

  id serial primary key,
  author_id int not null references users,

We can automatically extract the field prefix: author and call the relation author rather than the default: user. This allows for a post to have an author, editor, reviewer, etc. all which point to users.

The reverse, however, is not so easy. On the User type, we can't call the reverse of all these different relations posts. The default inflector refers to these as postsByAuthorId, postsByEditorId, etc. However we'd rather use shorter names, so we introduce a new inflector: getOppositeBaseName. This inflector is passed a baseName (the part without the _id/_fk suffix, e.g. author, editor, reviewer above) and should return the opposite of that base name which will be prepended to the target type to produce, e.g. authoredPosts, editedPosts, reviewedPosts. Failing this, we just fall back to the default (verbose) inflector; it will be up to you to add smart comments or a custom inflector to override these.

Handling field conflicts:

In most cases, the conflict errors will guide you on how to fix these issues using smart comments.

Smart Tags


@foreignSimpleFieldName was added to override the naming of the foreign-side of a one-to-many relationship's simple collections field (if you're using simple collections). By default we'll take the @foreignFieldName and add the "list suffix" ("List" by default, but "" if pgOmitListSuffix is set), but if you prefer you can override it entirely with @foreignSimpleFieldName. If you set @foreignSimpleFieldName and you're using simpleCollections 'both' then you should also set @foreignFieldName explicitly or unexpected things may occur.

Applies to:

  • foreign key constraints


@listSuffix allows you to override the default naming on a per-entity basis, overriding pgOmitListSuffix. For example, with pgOmitListSuffix: true, you can apply @listSuffix include to have the -List suffix appended to the simple collection generated for that table, and remove the -Connection suffix from the Relay connection. When pgOmitListSuffix is not true, you can use @listSuffix omit to selectively omit the -List suffix on simple collections and append -Connection to the Relay connection instead.

If @listSuffix is set, the only valid values are "omit" and "include". Any other value will cause an error.

@listSuffix omit @listSuffix include
Relay Connection companiesConnection companies
Simple Collection companies companiesList

NOTE: @listSuffix will have no effect when using @foreignSimpleFieldName.

Applies to:

  • tables
  • foreign key constraints
  • computed column functions returning SETOF <record type>