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Important Note Though I did not write this code, I did convert it to a gem and I'm currently the sole owner on rubygems. With Joel Chippindale's approval I've taken over defacto maintainership of this gem. My use case is primarily under rails 3, and the current version is not backwards compatible, but I will maintain a 2.3.x branch as well if anyone has patches.

CSV Builder

The CSV Builder Rails plugin provides a simple templating system for serving dynamically generated CSV files from your application.


The current version of CSV Builder works with:

The legacy version (1.1.x) was originally developed and tested for Rails 2.1. See the legacy docs for more details.


Install as a gem (recommended)

$ gem install csv_builder

If you are using Bundler then you know what to do.


CSV template files are suffixed with .csv.csvbuilder, for example index.csv.csvbuilder

Add rows to your CSV file in the template by pushing arrays of columns into the csv object.

 # First row
 csv << [ 'cell 1', 'cell 2' ]
 # Second row
 csv << [ 'another cell value', 'and another' ]
 # etc...

You can set the default filename for that a browser will use for 'save as' by setting @filename instance variable in your controller's action method e.g.

@filename = 'report.csv'

You can set the input encoding and output encoding by setting @input_encoding and @output_encoding instance variables. These default to 'UTF-8' and 'ISO-8859-1' respectively. e.g.

@output_encoding = 'UTF-8'

You can set @csv_options instance variable to define options for FasterCSV generator. For example:

@csv_options = { :force_quotes => true, :col_sep => ';' }

You can optionally stream your results line by line as they are generated. Results will stream if the underlying Rack server supports streaming, otherwise the results will be buffered and sent when the template finishes rendering. Just set @streaming to true:

@streaming = true

You can respond with csv in your controller as well:

respond_to do |format|
  format.csv # make sure you have action_name.csv.csvbuilder template in place

You can also attach a csv file to mail sent out by your application by including a snippet like the following in your mailer method

attachment "text/csv" do |attachment|
  attachment.body = render(:file => 'example/index.csv.csvbuilder')
  attachment.filename = 'report.csv'

Streaming Support

Many csv files are quite large, and need to be streamed rather than return in a single shot. Csv stream handling is based on an epic answer on stackoverflow about rails and streaming.. Streaming requires configuration of your rails app - you need to use a Rack that supports streaming. I've tested with Unicorn, and created a separate sample project to facilitate testing on Heroku.


As of version 2.0 this gem has a rudimentary spec suite for Rails 3. The test suite has been run under both Ruby 1.8 and 1.9. The requirements are in the Gemfile within the test spec directory. You will need Bundler installed and then you can run:

cd spec/rails_app && bundle install && cd ../..

To install the main testing requirements. Then return back to the root directory and run:

rake spec

I will also take patches for Rails 2.3.x, though I personally have no further need of that branch.


There's a known bug of encoding error in Ruby 1.9

For more details see

Original content Copyright (c) 2008, 2009 Vidmantas Kabošis & 2011 Gabe da Silveira released under the MIT license Updated content for streaming, Copyright (c) 2011 John Fawcett released under the MIT license


CSV template handler for Rails 3




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