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Guzzle now uses PSR-7 for HTTP messages.
Due to the fact that these messages are immutable, this prompted a refactoring
of Guzzle to use a middleware based system rather than an event system. Any
HTTP message interaction (e.g., GuzzleHttp\Message\Request) need to be
updated to work with the new immutable PSR-7 request and response objects. Any
event listeners or subscribers need to be updated to become middleware
functions that wrap handlers (or are injected into a

  • Removed GuzzleHttp\BatchResults
  • Removed GuzzleHttp\Collection
  • Removed GuzzleHttp\HasDataTrait
  • Removed GuzzleHttp\ToArrayInterface
  • The guzzlehttp/streams dependency has been removed. Stream functionality
    is now present in the GuzzleHttp\Psr7 namespace provided by the
    guzzlehttp/psr7 package.
  • Guzzle no longer uses ReactPHP promises and now uses the
    guzzlehttp/promises library. We use a custom promise library for three
    significant reasons:
    1. React promises (at the time of writing this) are recursive. Promise
      chaining and promise resolution will eventually blow the stack. Guzzle
      promises are not recursive as they use a sort of trampolining technique.
      Note: there has been movement in the React project to modify promises to
      no longer utilize recursion.
    2. Guzzle needs to have the ability to synchronously block on a promise to
      wait for a result. Guzzle promises allows this functionality (and does
      not require the use of recursion).
    3. Because we need to be able to wait on a result, doing so using React
      promises requires wrapping react promises with RingPHP futures. This
      overhead is no longer needed, reducing stack sizes, reducing complexity,
      and improving performance.
  • GuzzleHttp\Mimetypes has been moved to a function in
    GuzzleHttp\Psr7\mimetype_from_extension and
  • GuzzleHttp\Query and GuzzleHttp\QueryParser have been removed. Query
    strings must now be passed into request objects as strings, or provided to
    the query request option when creating requests with clients. The query
    option uses PHP's http_build_query to convert an array to a string. If you
    need a different serialization technique, you will need to pass the query
    string in as a string. There are a couple helper functions that will make
    working with query strings easier: GuzzleHttp\Psr7\parse_query and
  • Guzzle no longer has a dependency on RingPHP. Due to the use of a middleware
    system based on PSR-7, using RingPHP and it's middleware system as well adds
    more complexity than the benefits it provides. All HTTP handlers that were
    present in RingPHP have been modified to work directly with PSR-7 messages
    and placed in the GuzzleHttp\Handler namespace. This significantly reduces
    complexity in Guzzle, removes a dependency, and improves performance. RingPHP
    will be maintained for Guzzle 5 support, but will no longer be a part of
    Guzzle 6.
  • As Guzzle now uses a middleware based systems the event system and RingPHP
    integration has been removed. Note: while the event system has been removed,
    it is possible to add your own type of event system that is powered by the
    middleware system.
    • Removed the Event namespace.
    • Removed the Subscriber namespace.
    • Removed Transaction class
    • Removed RequestFsm
    • Removed RingBridge
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\Cookie is now provided by
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\HttpError is now provided by
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\History is now provided by
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\Mock is now provided by
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\Prepare is now provided by
    • GuzzleHttp\Subscriber\Redirect is now provided by
  • Guzzle now uses Psr\Http\Message\UriInterface (implements in
    GuzzleHttp\Psr7\Uri) for URI support. GuzzleHttp\Url is now gone.
  • Static functions in GuzzleHttp\Utils have been moved to namespaced
    functions under the GuzzleHttp namespace. This requires either a Composer
    based autoloader or you to include functions.php.
  • GuzzleHttp\ClientInterface::getDefaultOption has been renamed to
  • GuzzleHttp\ClientInterface::setDefaultOption has been removed.

Migrating to middleware

The change to PSR-7 unfortunately required significant refactoring to Guzzle
due to the fact that PSR-7 messages are immutable. Guzzle 5 relied on an event
system from plugins. The event system relied on mutability of HTTP messages and
side effects in order to work. With immutable messages, you have to change your
workflow to become more about either returning a value (e.g., functional
middlewares) or setting a value on an object. Guzzle v6 has chosen the
functional middleware approach.

Instead of using the event system to listen for things like the before event,
you now create a stack based middleware function that intercepts a request on
the way in and the promise of the response on the way out. This is a much
simpler and more predictable approach than the event system and works nicely
with PSR-7 middleware. Due to the use of promises, the middleware system is
also asynchronous.


use GuzzleHttp\Event\BeforeEvent;
$client = new GuzzleHttp\Client();
// Get the emitter and listen to the before event.
$client->getEmitter()->on('before', function (BeforeEvent $e) {
    // Guzzle v5 events relied on mutation
    $e->getRequest()->setHeader('X-Foo', 'Bar');


In v6, you can modify the request before it is sent using the mapRequest
middleware. The idiomatic way in v6 to modify the request/response lifecycle is
to setup a handler middleware stack up front and inject the handler into a

use GuzzleHttp\Middleware;
// Create a handler stack that has all of the default middlewares attached
$handler = GuzzleHttp\HandlerStack::create();
// Push the handler onto the handler stack
$handler->push(Middleware::mapRequest(function (RequestInterface $request) {
    // Notice that we have to return a request object
    return $request->withHeader('X-Foo', 'Bar');
// Inject the handler into the client
$client = new GuzzleHttp\Client(['handler' => $handler]);