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Simple templating classes, works well with Wordpress
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TemplateSystem is a tiny template system, which although it is ideal for Wordpress plugins, can be used anywhere a lightweight PHP view layer is required. It is, at the time of writing, just two classes.

It provides these features:

  • Separation of business logic and view HTML
  • Encouragement towards object-based MVC for traditionally procedural WP systems
  • Separation of templates into partials (fragments without their own controller)
  • Separation of templates into components (fragments with their own controller)



The license terms for TemplateSystem is the same as Wordpress, to make it easy for WP users. That is, this code is licensed under GPLv2 (or later).


Version 0.1 of this library will work with PHP 5.2.

The current version of this library (master) requires PHP 5.3, since it uses namespaces. For Wordpress plugin authors, be aware that (at the time of writing at least) over half Wordpress installations in the wild are on 5.2 (though since that is out of support, it is to be hoped that they upgrade soon). My recommendation is to specify 5.3 as a minimum requirement for your plugin.


If you're using Git, installing is easy. From the root of your plugin folder:

mkdir vendor
git submodule add vendor/TemplateSystem
git submodule init
git commit


From your template root, you can do just this:

require_once $root . '/vendor/TemplateSystem/ControllerBase.php';

The component base class will be loaded automatically if it is required.


Your entry point to the plugin should create a controller class, which is a descendent of the ControllerBase class. Personally, I like to extend ControllerBase to a base class for the whole plugin (e.g. MyPluginBase) and then any plugin entry points can extend that. That helps provide a common parent in which shared controller code may reside.

So you could have:

class MyPluginBase extends ControllerBase {} /* in lib/MyPluginBase.php */
class MyPluginMain extends MyPluginBase {} /* in lib/MyPluginMain.php */

When instantiating a controller, the full path of the plugin should be provided to the constructor:

$root = dirname(__FILE__);

require_once $root . '/vendor/TemplateSystem/ControllerBase.php';
require_once $root . '/lib/MyPluginBase.php';
require_once $root . '/lib/MyPluginMain.php';

$controller = new MyPluginMain( $root );

In the child of the ControllerBase, you'll want to bring the namespaced class into view:

use TemplateSystem\Change2\ControllerBase;

public MyPluginBase extends ControllerBase
    // Your parent code goes here

Then, in your final controller child, extend your parent and start off by implementing an execute method, thus:

public function execute()
    // Your child code goes here

When rendering a template in a controller - say for an options page - we use something like this:

        'usefulData' => $usefulData,

This expects a file templates/info.php to exist in the plugin, to render this view. The developer can then expect $usefulData to be available in that template as supplied, as well as $this, pointing at the controller instance.

If the developer wishes to call a snippet (otherwise known as a partial) from a template, he/she can do so thusly:

<?php $this->renderPartial( 'snippet', array( 'usefulData' => $usefulData, ) ) ?>

This will look up the file templates/_snippet.php, and render it in situ, again with the specified variables passed on. The underscore helps differentiate between a full template and a partial template.


The developer may also include a partial with its own logic, otherwise known as a component. To do this, a component class must be created in /components inside the plugin, and it must extend ComponentBase. This may then be called thus:

<?php $this->renderComponent( 'ClassName', 'componentName' ) ?>

Code inside a component instance can easily access the current controller, via $this->getController().

Code inside a component partial is rendered in the context of the controller, so $this will work fine. Access to the component instance itself can be obtained using $this->getComponentInstance().

Entry points

In many cases, creating an execute() method in the child controller will be sufficient. However, there are two more methods that may be of use: preExecute() and postExecute(), for initialisation and clean-up respectively. For example, if you have several controller classes, you may wish to inherit from an intermediate class to do some authentication checks or other initialisation. Whilst this could go in the child constructor, that may interfere with your unit testing.

Advanced usage

Some occasions call for the rendering of a partial or a component into a variable, rather than to the browser. This is most useful in AJAX operations where the output needs to be converted before being sent to the client. The calls for this are very similar to the rendering calls above:

$html = $this->getRenderedPartial( 'snippet', array( 'usefulData' => $usefulData, ) );
$html = $this->getRenderedComponent( 'ClassName', 'componentName' );

Utility methods

The base controller contains a method to access $_REQUEST, which is $this->getInput('key'). This is preferable to accessing $_REQUEST directly, as it will return null without PHP warnings if the key does not exist.

Future development

  • Fragment caching, via file or memcache, would be very useful, and should be easy to add.

Version history

0.1 - Initial version which ran everything from the constructor. Since this isn't ideal for unit-testing, I changed this in the master branch so that the primary activity of the constructor is called separately.

0.2 (current master) - now supports preExecute, execute and postExecute points at which controller code can be run. Logic being run in the constructor is still possible, but deprecated. Now requires 5.3 to solve conflicting naming problems between backwards-incompatible versions.


Feedback and improvements are very welcome.

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